smartmontools  SVN Rev 4325
Utility to control and monitor storage systems with "S.M.A.R.T."
ataprint.cpp
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1 /*
2  * ataprint.cpp
3  *
4  * Home page of code is: http://www.smartmontools.org
5  *
6  * Copyright (C) 2002-11 Bruce Allen
7  * Copyright (C) 2008-16 Christian Franke
8  * Copyright (C) 1999-2000 Michael Cornwell <cornwell@acm.org>
9  *
10  * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
11  * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
12  * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
13  * any later version.
14  *
15  * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
16  * (for example COPYING); If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
17  *
18  * This code was originally developed as a Senior Thesis by Michael Cornwell
19  * at the Concurrent Systems Laboratory (now part of the Storage Systems
20  * Research Center), Jack Baskin School of Engineering, University of
21  * California, Santa Cruz. http://ssrc.soe.ucsc.edu/
22  *
23  */
24 
25 #include "config.h"
26 
27 #include <ctype.h>
28 #include <errno.h>
29 #include <stdio.h>
30 #include <stdlib.h>
31 #include <string.h>
32 
33 #include "int64.h"
34 #include "atacmdnames.h"
35 #include "atacmds.h"
36 #include "ataidentify.h"
37 #include "dev_interface.h"
38 #include "ataprint.h"
39 #include "smartctl.h"
40 #include "utility.h"
41 #include "knowndrives.h"
42 
43 const char * ataprint_cpp_cvsid = "$Id: ataprint.cpp 4256 2016-03-27 16:51:32Z chrfranke $"
45 
46 
47 static const char * infofound(const char *output) {
48  return (*output ? output : "[No Information Found]");
49 }
50 
51 // Return true if '-T permissive' is specified,
52 // used to ignore missing capabilities
53 static bool is_permissive()
54 {
56  return false;
58  return true;
59 }
60 
61 /* For the given Command Register (CR) and Features Register (FR), attempts
62  * to construct a string that describes the contents of the Status
63  * Register (ST) and Error Register (ER). If the meanings of the flags of
64  * the error register are not known for the given command then it returns an
65  * empty string.
66  *
67  * The meanings of the flags of the error register for all commands are
68  * described in the ATA spec and could all be supported here in theory.
69  * Currently, only a few commands are supported (those that have been seen
70  * to produce errors). If many more are to be added then this function
71  * should probably be redesigned.
72  */
73 
74 static std::string format_st_er_desc(
75  unsigned char CR, unsigned char FR,
76  unsigned char ST, unsigned char ER,
77  unsigned short SC,
78  const ata_smart_errorlog_error_struct * lba28_regs,
79  const ata_smart_exterrlog_error * lba48_regs
80 )
81 {
82  const char *error_flag[8];
83  int i, print_lba=0, print_sector=0;
84 
85  // Set of character strings corresponding to different error codes.
86  // Please keep in alphabetic order if you add more.
87  const char *abrt = "ABRT"; // ABORTED
88  const char *amnf = "AMNF"; // ADDRESS MARK NOT FOUND
89  const char *ccto = "CCTO"; // COMMAND COMPLETION TIMED OUT
90  const char *eom = "EOM"; // END OF MEDIA
91  const char *icrc = "ICRC"; // INTERFACE CRC ERROR
92  const char *idnf = "IDNF"; // ID NOT FOUND
93  const char *ili = "ILI"; // MEANING OF THIS BIT IS COMMAND-SET SPECIFIC
94  const char *mc = "MC"; // MEDIA CHANGED
95  const char *mcr = "MCR"; // MEDIA CHANGE REQUEST
96  const char *nm = "NM"; // NO MEDIA
97  const char *obs = "obs"; // OBSOLETE
98  const char *tk0nf = "TK0NF"; // TRACK 0 NOT FOUND
99  const char *unc = "UNC"; // UNCORRECTABLE
100  const char *wp = "WP"; // WRITE PROTECTED
101 
102  /* If for any command the Device Fault flag of the status register is
103  * not used then used_device_fault should be set to 0 (in the CR switch
104  * below)
105  */
106  int uses_device_fault = 1;
107 
108  /* A value of NULL means that the error flag isn't used */
109  for (i = 0; i < 8; i++)
110  error_flag[i] = NULL;
111 
112  std::string str;
113 
114  switch (CR) {
115  case 0x10: // RECALIBRATE
116  error_flag[2] = abrt;
117  error_flag[1] = tk0nf;
118  break;
119  case 0x20: /* READ SECTOR(S) */
120  case 0x21: // READ SECTOR(S)
121  case 0x24: // READ SECTOR(S) EXT
122  case 0xC4: /* READ MULTIPLE */
123  case 0x29: // READ MULTIPLE EXT
124  error_flag[6] = unc;
125  error_flag[5] = mc;
126  error_flag[4] = idnf;
127  error_flag[3] = mcr;
128  error_flag[2] = abrt;
129  error_flag[1] = nm;
130  error_flag[0] = amnf;
131  print_lba=1;
132  break;
133  case 0x22: // READ LONG (with retries)
134  case 0x23: // READ LONG (without retries)
135  error_flag[4] = idnf;
136  error_flag[2] = abrt;
137  error_flag[0] = amnf;
138  print_lba=1;
139  break;
140  case 0x2a: // READ STREAM DMA
141  case 0x2b: // READ STREAM PIO
142  if (CR==0x2a)
143  error_flag[7] = icrc;
144  error_flag[6] = unc;
145  error_flag[5] = mc;
146  error_flag[4] = idnf;
147  error_flag[3] = mcr;
148  error_flag[2] = abrt;
149  error_flag[1] = nm;
150  error_flag[0] = ccto;
151  print_lba=1;
152  print_sector=SC;
153  break;
154  case 0x3A: // WRITE STREAM DMA
155  case 0x3B: // WRITE STREAM PIO
156  if (CR==0x3A)
157  error_flag[7] = icrc;
158  error_flag[6] = wp;
159  error_flag[5] = mc;
160  error_flag[4] = idnf;
161  error_flag[3] = mcr;
162  error_flag[2] = abrt;
163  error_flag[1] = nm;
164  error_flag[0] = ccto;
165  print_lba=1;
166  print_sector=SC;
167  break;
168  case 0x25: // READ DMA EXT
169  case 0x26: // READ DMA QUEUED EXT
170  case 0xC7: // READ DMA QUEUED
171  case 0xC8: // READ DMA (with retries)
172  case 0xC9: // READ DMA (without retries, obsolete since ATA-5)
173  case 0x60: // READ FPDMA QUEUED (NCQ)
174  error_flag[7] = icrc;
175  error_flag[6] = unc;
176  error_flag[5] = mc;
177  error_flag[4] = idnf;
178  error_flag[3] = mcr;
179  error_flag[2] = abrt;
180  error_flag[1] = nm;
181  error_flag[0] = amnf;
182  print_lba=1;
183  if (CR==0x25 || CR==0xC8)
184  print_sector=SC;
185  break;
186  case 0x30: /* WRITE SECTOR(S) */
187  case 0x31: // WRITE SECTOR(S)
188  case 0x34: // WRITE SECTOR(S) EXT
189  case 0xC5: /* WRITE MULTIPLE */
190  case 0x39: // WRITE MULTIPLE EXT
191  case 0xCE: // WRITE MULTIPLE FUA EXT
192  error_flag[6] = wp;
193  error_flag[5] = mc;
194  error_flag[4] = idnf;
195  error_flag[3] = mcr;
196  error_flag[2] = abrt;
197  error_flag[1] = nm;
198  print_lba=1;
199  break;
200  case 0x32: // WRITE LONG (with retries)
201  case 0x33: // WRITE LONG (without retries)
202  error_flag[4] = idnf;
203  error_flag[2] = abrt;
204  print_lba=1;
205  break;
206  case 0x3C: // WRITE VERIFY
207  error_flag[6] = unc;
208  error_flag[4] = idnf;
209  error_flag[2] = abrt;
210  error_flag[0] = amnf;
211  print_lba=1;
212  break;
213  case 0x40: // READ VERIFY SECTOR(S) with retries
214  case 0x41: // READ VERIFY SECTOR(S) without retries
215  case 0x42: // READ VERIFY SECTOR(S) EXT
216  error_flag[6] = unc;
217  error_flag[5] = mc;
218  error_flag[4] = idnf;
219  error_flag[3] = mcr;
220  error_flag[2] = abrt;
221  error_flag[1] = nm;
222  error_flag[0] = amnf;
223  print_lba=1;
224  break;
225  case 0xA0: /* PACKET */
226  /* Bits 4-7 are all used for sense key (a 'command packet set specific error
227  * indication' according to the ATA/ATAPI-7 standard), so "Sense key" will
228  * be repeated in the error description string if more than one of those
229  * bits is set.
230  */
231  error_flag[7] = "Sense key (bit 3)",
232  error_flag[6] = "Sense key (bit 2)",
233  error_flag[5] = "Sense key (bit 1)",
234  error_flag[4] = "Sense key (bit 0)",
235  error_flag[2] = abrt;
236  error_flag[1] = eom;
237  error_flag[0] = ili;
238  break;
239  case 0xA1: /* IDENTIFY PACKET DEVICE */
240  case 0xEF: /* SET FEATURES */
241  case 0x00: /* NOP */
242  case 0xC6: /* SET MULTIPLE MODE */
243  error_flag[2] = abrt;
244  break;
245  case 0x2F: // READ LOG EXT
246  error_flag[6] = unc;
247  error_flag[4] = idnf;
248  error_flag[2] = abrt;
249  error_flag[0] = obs;
250  break;
251  case 0x3F: // WRITE LOG EXT
252  error_flag[4] = idnf;
253  error_flag[2] = abrt;
254  error_flag[0] = obs;
255  break;
256  case 0xB0: /* SMART */
257  switch(FR) {
258  case 0xD0: // SMART READ DATA
259  case 0xD1: // SMART READ ATTRIBUTE THRESHOLDS
260  case 0xD5: /* SMART READ LOG */
261  error_flag[6] = unc;
262  error_flag[4] = idnf;
263  error_flag[2] = abrt;
264  error_flag[0] = obs;
265  break;
266  case 0xD6: /* SMART WRITE LOG */
267  error_flag[4] = idnf;
268  error_flag[2] = abrt;
269  error_flag[0] = obs;
270  break;
271  case 0xD2: // Enable/Disable Attribute Autosave
272  case 0xD3: // SMART SAVE ATTRIBUTE VALUES (ATA-3)
273  case 0xD8: // SMART ENABLE OPERATIONS
274  case 0xD9: /* SMART DISABLE OPERATIONS */
275  case 0xDA: /* SMART RETURN STATUS */
276  case 0xDB: // Enable/Disable Auto Offline (SFF)
277  error_flag[2] = abrt;
278  break;
279  case 0xD4: // SMART EXECUTE IMMEDIATE OFFLINE
280  error_flag[4] = idnf;
281  error_flag[2] = abrt;
282  break;
283  default:
284  return str; // ""
285  break;
286  }
287  break;
288  case 0xB1: /* DEVICE CONFIGURATION */
289  switch (FR) {
290  case 0xC0: /* DEVICE CONFIGURATION RESTORE */
291  error_flag[2] = abrt;
292  break;
293  default:
294  return str; // ""
295  break;
296  }
297  break;
298  case 0xCA: // WRITE DMA (with retries)
299  case 0xCB: // WRITE DMA (without retries, obsolete since ATA-5)
300  case 0x35: // WRITE DMA EXT
301  case 0x3D: // WRITE DMA FUA EXT
302  case 0xCC: // WRITE DMA QUEUED
303  case 0x36: // WRITE DMA QUEUED EXT
304  case 0x3E: // WRITE DMA QUEUED FUA EXT
305  case 0x61: // WRITE FPDMA QUEUED (NCQ)
306  error_flag[7] = icrc;
307  error_flag[6] = wp;
308  error_flag[5] = mc;
309  error_flag[4] = idnf;
310  error_flag[3] = mcr;
311  error_flag[2] = abrt;
312  error_flag[1] = nm;
313  error_flag[0] = amnf;
314  print_lba=1;
315  if (CR==0x35)
316  print_sector=SC;
317  break;
318  case 0xE4: // READ BUFFER
319  case 0xE8: // WRITE BUFFER
320  error_flag[2] = abrt;
321  break;
322  default:
323  return str; // ""
324  }
325 
326  /* We ignore any status flags other than Device Fault and Error */
327 
328  if (uses_device_fault && (ST & (1 << 5))) {
329  str = "Device Fault";
330  if (ST & 1) // Error flag
331  str += "; ";
332  }
333  if (ST & 1) { // Error flag
334  int count = 0;
335 
336  str += "Error: ";
337  for (i = 7; i >= 0; i--)
338  if ((ER & (1 << i)) && (error_flag[i])) {
339  if (count++ > 0)
340  str += ", ";
341  str += error_flag[i];
342  }
343  }
344 
345  // If the error was a READ or WRITE error, print the Logical Block
346  // Address (LBA) at which the read or write failed.
347  if (print_lba) {
348  // print number of sectors, if known, and append to print string
349  if (print_sector)
350  str += strprintf(" %d sectors", print_sector);
351 
352  if (lba28_regs) {
353  unsigned lba;
354  // bits 24-27: bits 0-3 of DH
355  lba = 0xf & lba28_regs->drive_head;
356  lba <<= 8;
357  // bits 16-23: CH
358  lba |= lba28_regs->cylinder_high;
359  lba <<= 8;
360  // bits 8-15: CL
361  lba |= lba28_regs->cylinder_low;
362  lba <<= 8;
363  // bits 0-7: SN
364  lba |= lba28_regs->sector_number;
365  str += strprintf(" at LBA = 0x%08x = %u", lba, lba);
366  }
367  else if (lba48_regs) {
368  // This assumes that upper LBA registers are 0 for 28-bit commands
369  // (TODO: detect 48-bit commands above)
370  uint64_t lba48;
371  lba48 = lba48_regs->lba_high_register_hi;
372  lba48 <<= 8;
373  lba48 |= lba48_regs->lba_mid_register_hi;
374  lba48 <<= 8;
375  lba48 |= lba48_regs->lba_low_register_hi;
376  lba48 |= lba48_regs->device_register & 0xf;
377  lba48 <<= 8;
378  lba48 |= lba48_regs->lba_high_register;
379  lba48 <<= 8;
380  lba48 |= lba48_regs->lba_mid_register;
381  lba48 <<= 8;
382  lba48 |= lba48_regs->lba_low_register;
383  str += strprintf(" at LBA = 0x%08" PRIx64 " = %" PRIu64, lba48, lba48);
384  }
385  }
386 
387  return str;
388 }
389 
390 static inline std::string format_st_er_desc(
392 {
393  return format_st_er_desc(
394  data->commands[4].commandreg,
395  data->commands[4].featuresreg,
396  data->error_struct.status,
399  &data->error_struct, (const ata_smart_exterrlog_error *)0);
400 }
401 
402 static inline std::string format_st_er_desc(
404 {
405  return format_st_er_desc(
406  data->commands[4].command_register,
407  data->commands[4].features_register,
408  data->error.status_register,
409  data->error.error_register,
410  data->error.count_register_hi << 8 | data->error.count_register,
411  (const ata_smart_errorlog_error_struct *)0, &data->error);
412 }
413 
414 
415 static const char * get_form_factor(unsigned short word168)
416 {
417  // Table A.32 of T13/2161-D (ACS-3) Revision 4p, September 19, 2013
418  // Table 236 of T13/BSR INCITS 529 (ACS-4) Revision 04, August 25, 2014
419  switch (word168) {
420  case 0x1: return "5.25 inches";
421  case 0x2: return "3.5 inches";
422  case 0x3: return "2.5 inches";
423  case 0x4: return "1.8 inches";
424  case 0x5: return "< 1.8 inches";
425  case 0x6: return "mSATA"; // ACS-4
426  case 0x7: return "M.2"; // ACS-4
427  case 0x8: return "MicroSSD"; // ACS-4
428  case 0x9: return "CFast"; // ACS-4
429  default : return 0;
430  }
431 }
432 
433 static int find_msb(unsigned short word)
434 {
435  for (int bit = 15; bit >= 0; bit--)
436  if (word & (1 << bit))
437  return bit;
438  return -1;
439 }
440 
441 static const char * get_ata_major_version(const ata_identify_device * drive)
442 {
443  switch (find_msb(drive->major_rev_num)) {
444  case 10: return "ACS-3";
445  case 9: return "ACS-2";
446  case 8: return "ATA8-ACS";
447  case 7: return "ATA/ATAPI-7";
448  case 6: return "ATA/ATAPI-6";
449  case 5: return "ATA/ATAPI-5";
450  case 4: return "ATA/ATAPI-4";
451  case 3: return "ATA-3";
452  case 2: return "ATA-2";
453  case 1: return "ATA-1";
454  default: return 0;
455  }
456 }
457 
458 static const char * get_ata_minor_version(const ata_identify_device * drive)
459 {
460  // Table 10 of X3T13/2008D (ATA-3) Revision 7b, January 27, 1997
461  // Table 28 of T13/1410D (ATA/ATAPI-6) Revision 3b, February 26, 2002
462  // Table 31 of T13/1699-D (ATA8-ACS) Revision 6a, September 6, 2008
463  // Table 46 of T13/BSR INCITS 529 (ACS-4) Revision 08, April 28, 2015
464  switch (drive->minor_rev_num) {
465  case 0x0001: return "ATA-1 X3T9.2/781D prior to revision 4";
466  case 0x0002: return "ATA-1 published, ANSI X3.221-1994";
467  case 0x0003: return "ATA-1 X3T9.2/781D revision 4";
468  case 0x0004: return "ATA-2 published, ANSI X3.279-1996";
469  case 0x0005: return "ATA-2 X3T10/948D prior to revision 2k";
470  case 0x0006: return "ATA-3 X3T10/2008D revision 1";
471  case 0x0007: return "ATA-2 X3T10/948D revision 2k";
472  case 0x0008: return "ATA-3 X3T10/2008D revision 0";
473  case 0x0009: return "ATA-2 X3T10/948D revision 3";
474  case 0x000a: return "ATA-3 published, ANSI X3.298-1997";
475  case 0x000b: return "ATA-3 X3T10/2008D revision 6"; // 1st ATA-3 revision with SMART
476  case 0x000c: return "ATA-3 X3T13/2008D revision 7 and 7a";
477  case 0x000d: return "ATA/ATAPI-4 X3T13/1153D revision 6";
478  case 0x000e: return "ATA/ATAPI-4 T13/1153D revision 13";
479  case 0x000f: return "ATA/ATAPI-4 X3T13/1153D revision 7";
480  case 0x0010: return "ATA/ATAPI-4 T13/1153D revision 18";
481  case 0x0011: return "ATA/ATAPI-4 T13/1153D revision 15";
482  case 0x0012: return "ATA/ATAPI-4 published, ANSI NCITS 317-1998";
483  case 0x0013: return "ATA/ATAPI-5 T13/1321D revision 3";
484  case 0x0014: return "ATA/ATAPI-4 T13/1153D revision 14";
485  case 0x0015: return "ATA/ATAPI-5 T13/1321D revision 1";
486  case 0x0016: return "ATA/ATAPI-5 published, ANSI NCITS 340-2000";
487  case 0x0017: return "ATA/ATAPI-4 T13/1153D revision 17";
488  case 0x0018: return "ATA/ATAPI-6 T13/1410D revision 0";
489  case 0x0019: return "ATA/ATAPI-6 T13/1410D revision 3a";
490  case 0x001a: return "ATA/ATAPI-7 T13/1532D revision 1";
491  case 0x001b: return "ATA/ATAPI-6 T13/1410D revision 2";
492  case 0x001c: return "ATA/ATAPI-6 T13/1410D revision 1";
493  case 0x001d: return "ATA/ATAPI-7 published, ANSI INCITS 397-2005";
494  case 0x001e: return "ATA/ATAPI-7 T13/1532D revision 0";
495  case 0x001f: return "ACS-3 T13/2161-D revision 3b";
496 
497  case 0x0021: return "ATA/ATAPI-7 T13/1532D revision 4a";
498  case 0x0022: return "ATA/ATAPI-6 published, ANSI INCITS 361-2002";
499 
500  case 0x0027: return "ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 3c";
501  case 0x0028: return "ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 6";
502  case 0x0029: return "ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 4";
503 
504  case 0x0031: return "ACS-2 T13/2015-D revision 2";
505 
506  case 0x0033: return "ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 3e";
507 
508  case 0x0039: return "ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 4c";
509 
510  case 0x0042: return "ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 3f";
511 
512  case 0x0052: return "ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 3b";
513 
514  case 0x005e: return "ACS-4 T13/BSR INCITS 529 revision 5";
515 
516  case 0x006d: return "ACS-3 T13/2161-D revision 5";
517 
518  case 0x0082: return "ACS-2 published, ANSI INCITS 482-2012";
519 
520  case 0x0107: return "ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 2d";
521 
522  case 0x010a: return "ACS-3 published, ANSI INCITS 522-2014";
523 
524  case 0x0110: return "ACS-2 T13/2015-D revision 3";
525 
526  case 0x011b: return "ACS-3 T13/2161-D revision 4";
527 
528  default: return 0;
529  }
530 }
531 
532 static const char * get_pata_version(unsigned short word222, char (& buf)[32])
533 {
534  switch (word222 & 0x0fff) {
535  default: snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf),
536  "Unknown (0x%03x)", word222 & 0x0fff); return buf;
537  case 0x001:
538  case 0x003: return "ATA8-APT";
539  case 0x002: return "ATA/ATAPI-7";
540  }
541 }
542 
543 static const char * get_sata_version(unsigned short word222, char (& buf)[32])
544 {
545  switch (find_msb(word222 & 0x0fff)) {
546  default: snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf),
547  "SATA >3.2 (0x%03x)", word222 & 0x0fff); return buf;
548  case 7: return "SATA 3.2";
549  case 6: return "SATA 3.1";
550  case 5: return "SATA 3.0";
551  case 4: return "SATA 2.6";
552  case 3: return "SATA 2.5";
553  case 2: return "SATA II Ext";
554  case 1: return "SATA 1.0a";
555  case 0: return "ATA8-AST";
556  case -1: return "Unknown";
557  }
558 }
559 
560 static const char * get_sata_speed(int level)
561 {
562  if (level <= 0)
563  return 0;
564  switch (level) {
565  default: return ">6.0 Gb/s (7)";
566  case 6: return ">6.0 Gb/s (6)";
567  case 5: return ">6.0 Gb/s (5)";
568  case 4: return ">6.0 Gb/s (4)";
569  case 3: return "6.0 Gb/s";
570  case 2: return "3.0 Gb/s";
571  case 1: return "1.5 Gb/s";
572  }
573 }
574 
575 static const char * get_sata_maxspeed(const ata_identify_device * drive)
576 {
577  unsigned short word076 = drive->words047_079[76-47];
578  if (word076 & 0x0001)
579  return 0;
580  return get_sata_speed(find_msb(word076 & 0x00fe));
581 }
582 
583 static const char * get_sata_curspeed(const ata_identify_device * drive)
584 {
585  unsigned short word077 = drive->words047_079[77-47];
586  if (word077 & 0x0001)
587  return 0;
588  return get_sata_speed((word077 >> 1) & 0x7);
589 }
590 
591 
592 static void print_drive_info(const ata_identify_device * drive,
593  const ata_size_info & sizes, int rpm,
594  const drive_settings * dbentry)
595 {
596  // format drive information (with byte swapping as needed)
597  char model[40+1], serial[20+1], firmware[8+1];
598  ata_format_id_string(model, drive->model, sizeof(model)-1);
599  ata_format_id_string(serial, drive->serial_no, sizeof(serial)-1);
600  ata_format_id_string(firmware, drive->fw_rev, sizeof(firmware)-1);
601 
602  // Print model family if known
603  if (dbentry && *dbentry->modelfamily)
604  pout("Model Family: %s\n", dbentry->modelfamily);
605 
606  pout("Device Model: %s\n", infofound(model));
607 
609  pout("Serial Number: %s\n", infofound(serial));
610 
611  unsigned oui = 0; uint64_t unique_id = 0;
612  int naa = ata_get_wwn(drive, oui, unique_id);
613  if (naa >= 0)
614  pout("LU WWN Device Id: %x %06x %09" PRIx64 "\n", naa, oui, unique_id);
615  }
616 
617  // Additional Product Identifier (OEM Id) string in words 170-173
618  // (e08130r1, added in ACS-2 Revision 1, December 17, 2008)
619  if (0x2020 <= drive->words088_255[170-88] && drive->words088_255[170-88] <= 0x7e7e) {
620  char add[8+1];
621  ata_format_id_string(add, (const unsigned char *)(drive->words088_255+170-88), sizeof(add)-1);
622  if (add[0])
623  pout("Add. Product Id: %s\n", add);
624  }
625 
626  pout("Firmware Version: %s\n", infofound(firmware));
627 
628  if (sizes.capacity) {
629  // Print capacity
630  char num[64], cap[32];
631  pout("User Capacity: %s bytes [%s]\n",
632  format_with_thousands_sep(num, sizeof(num), sizes.capacity),
633  format_capacity(cap, sizeof(cap), sizes.capacity));
634 
635  // Print sector sizes.
636  if (sizes.phy_sector_size == sizes.log_sector_size)
637  pout("Sector Size: %u bytes logical/physical\n", sizes.log_sector_size);
638  else {
639  pout("Sector Sizes: %u bytes logical, %u bytes physical",
640  sizes.log_sector_size, sizes.phy_sector_size);
641  if (sizes.log_sector_offset)
642  pout(" (offset %u bytes)", sizes.log_sector_offset);
643  pout("\n");
644  }
645  }
646 
647  // Print nominal media rotation rate if reported
648  if (rpm) {
649  if (rpm == 1)
650  pout("Rotation Rate: Solid State Device\n");
651  else if (rpm > 1)
652  pout("Rotation Rate: %d rpm\n", rpm);
653  else
654  pout("Rotation Rate: Unknown (0x%04x)\n", -rpm);
655  }
656 
657  // Print form factor if reported
658  unsigned short word168 = drive->words088_255[168-88];
659  if (word168) {
660  const char * form_factor = get_form_factor(word168);
661  if (form_factor)
662  pout("Form Factor: %s\n", form_factor);
663  else
664  pout("Form Factor: Unknown (0x%04x)\n", word168);
665  }
666 
667  // See if drive is recognized
668  pout("Device is: %s\n", !dbentry ?
669  "Not in smartctl database [for details use: -P showall]":
670  "In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]");
671 
672  // Print ATA version
673  std::string ataver;
674  if ( (drive->major_rev_num != 0x0000 && drive->major_rev_num != 0xffff)
675  || (drive->minor_rev_num != 0x0000 && drive->minor_rev_num != 0xffff)) {
676  const char * majorver = get_ata_major_version(drive);
677  const char * minorver = get_ata_minor_version(drive);
678 
679  if (majorver && minorver && str_starts_with(minorver, majorver)) {
680  // Major and minor strings match, print minor string only
681  ataver = minorver;
682  }
683  else {
684  if (majorver)
685  ataver = majorver;
686  else
687  ataver = strprintf("Unknown(0x%04x)", drive->major_rev_num);
688 
689  if (minorver)
690  ataver += strprintf(", %s", minorver);
691  else if (drive->minor_rev_num != 0x0000 && drive->minor_rev_num != 0xffff)
692  ataver += strprintf(" (unknown minor revision code: 0x%04x)", drive->minor_rev_num);
693  else
694  ataver += " (minor revision not indicated)";
695  }
696  }
697  pout("ATA Version is: %s\n", infofound(ataver.c_str()));
698 
699  // Print Transport specific version
700  // cppcheck-suppress variableScope
701  char buf[32] = "";
702  unsigned short word222 = drive->words088_255[222-88];
703  if (word222 != 0x0000 && word222 != 0xffff) switch (word222 >> 12) {
704  case 0x0: // PATA
705  pout("Transport Type: Parallel, %s\n", get_pata_version(word222, buf));
706  break;
707  case 0x1: // SATA
708  {
709  const char * sataver = get_sata_version(word222, buf);
710  const char * maxspeed = get_sata_maxspeed(drive);
711  const char * curspeed = get_sata_curspeed(drive);
712  pout("SATA Version is: %s%s%s%s%s%s\n", sataver,
713  (maxspeed ? ", " : ""), (maxspeed ? maxspeed : ""),
714  (curspeed ? " (current: " : ""), (curspeed ? curspeed : ""),
715  (curspeed ? ")" : ""));
716  }
717  break;
718  case 0xe: // PCIe (ACS-4)
719  pout("Transport Type: PCIe (0x%03x)\n", word222 & 0x0fff);
720  break;
721  default:
722  pout("Transport Type: Unknown (0x%04x)\n", word222);
723  break;
724  }
725 
726  // print current time and date and timezone
727  char timedatetz[DATEANDEPOCHLEN]; dateandtimezone(timedatetz);
728  pout("Local Time is: %s\n", timedatetz);
729 
730  // Print warning message, if there is one
731  if (dbentry && *dbentry->warningmsg)
732  pout("\n==> WARNING: %s\n\n", dbentry->warningmsg);
733 }
734 
735 static const char *OfflineDataCollectionStatus(unsigned char status_byte)
736 {
737  unsigned char stat=status_byte & 0x7f;
738 
739  switch(stat){
740  case 0x00:
741  return "was never started";
742  case 0x02:
743  return "was completed without error";
744  case 0x03:
745  if (status_byte == 0x03)
746  return "is in progress";
747  else
748  return "is in a Reserved state";
749  case 0x04:
750  return "was suspended by an interrupting command from host";
751  case 0x05:
752  return "was aborted by an interrupting command from host";
753  case 0x06:
754  return "was aborted by the device with a fatal error";
755  default:
756  if (stat >= 0x40)
757  return "is in a Vendor Specific state";
758  else
759  return "is in a Reserved state";
760  }
761 }
762 
763 
764 // prints verbose value Off-line data collection status byte
766 {
767  pout("Offline data collection status: (0x%02x)\t",
768  (int)data->offline_data_collection_status);
769 
770  // Off-line data collection status byte is not a reserved
771  // or vendor specific value
772  pout("Offline data collection activity\n"
774 
775  // Report on Automatic Data Collection Status. Only IBM documents
776  // this bit. See SFF 8035i Revision 2 for details.
777  if (data->offline_data_collection_status & 0x80)
778  pout("\t\t\t\t\tAuto Offline Data Collection: Enabled.\n");
779  else
780  pout("\t\t\t\t\tAuto Offline Data Collection: Disabled.\n");
781 
782  return;
783 }
784 
786  firmwarebug_defs firmwarebugs)
787 {
788  pout("Self-test execution status: ");
789 
790  switch (data->self_test_exec_status >> 4)
791  {
792  case 0:
793  pout("(%4d)\tThe previous self-test routine completed\n\t\t\t\t\t",
794  (int)data->self_test_exec_status);
795  pout("without error or no self-test has ever \n\t\t\t\t\tbeen run.\n");
796  break;
797  case 1:
798  pout("(%4d)\tThe self-test routine was aborted by\n\t\t\t\t\t",
799  (int)data->self_test_exec_status);
800  pout("the host.\n");
801  break;
802  case 2:
803  pout("(%4d)\tThe self-test routine was interrupted\n\t\t\t\t\t",
804  (int)data->self_test_exec_status);
805  pout("by the host with a hard or soft reset.\n");
806  break;
807  case 3:
808  pout("(%4d)\tA fatal error or unknown test error\n\t\t\t\t\t",
809  (int)data->self_test_exec_status);
810  pout("occurred while the device was executing\n\t\t\t\t\t");
811  pout("its self-test routine and the device \n\t\t\t\t\t");
812  pout("was unable to complete the self-test \n\t\t\t\t\t");
813  pout("routine.\n");
814  break;
815  case 4:
816  pout("(%4d)\tThe previous self-test completed having\n\t\t\t\t\t",
817  (int)data->self_test_exec_status);
818  pout("a test element that failed and the test\n\t\t\t\t\t");
819  pout("element that failed is not known.\n");
820  break;
821  case 5:
822  pout("(%4d)\tThe previous self-test completed having\n\t\t\t\t\t",
823  (int)data->self_test_exec_status);
824  pout("the electrical element of the test\n\t\t\t\t\t");
825  pout("failed.\n");
826  break;
827  case 6:
828  pout("(%4d)\tThe previous self-test completed having\n\t\t\t\t\t",
829  (int)data->self_test_exec_status);
830  pout("the servo (and/or seek) element of the \n\t\t\t\t\t");
831  pout("test failed.\n");
832  break;
833  case 7:
834  pout("(%4d)\tThe previous self-test completed having\n\t\t\t\t\t",
835  (int)data->self_test_exec_status);
836  pout("the read element of the test failed.\n");
837  break;
838  case 8:
839  pout("(%4d)\tThe previous self-test completed having\n\t\t\t\t\t",
840  (int)data->self_test_exec_status);
841  pout("a test element that failed and the\n\t\t\t\t\t");
842  pout("device is suspected of having handling\n\t\t\t\t\t");
843  pout("damage.\n");
844  break;
845  case 15:
846  if (firmwarebugs.is_set(BUG_SAMSUNG3) && data->self_test_exec_status == 0xf0) {
847  pout("(%4d)\tThe previous self-test routine completed\n\t\t\t\t\t",
848  (int)data->self_test_exec_status);
849  pout("with unknown result or self-test in\n\t\t\t\t\t");
850  pout("progress with less than 10%% remaining.\n");
851  }
852  else {
853  pout("(%4d)\tSelf-test routine in progress...\n\t\t\t\t\t",
854  (int)data->self_test_exec_status);
855  pout("%1d0%% of test remaining.\n",
856  (int)(data->self_test_exec_status & 0x0f));
857  }
858  break;
859  default:
860  pout("(%4d)\tReserved.\n",
861  (int)data->self_test_exec_status);
862  break;
863  }
864 
865 }
866 
868 {
869  pout("Total time to complete Offline \n");
870  pout("data collection: \t\t(%5d) seconds.\n",
872 }
873 
875 {
876  pout("Offline data collection\n");
877  pout("capabilities: \t\t\t (0x%02x) ",
879 
880  if (data->offline_data_collection_capability == 0x00){
881  pout("\tOffline data collection not supported.\n");
882  }
883  else {
884  pout( "%s\n", isSupportExecuteOfflineImmediate(data)?
885  "SMART execute Offline immediate." :
886  "No SMART execute Offline immediate.");
887 
888  pout( "\t\t\t\t\t%s\n", isSupportAutomaticTimer(data)?
889  "Auto Offline data collection on/off support.":
890  "No Auto Offline data collection support.");
891 
892  pout( "\t\t\t\t\t%s\n", isSupportOfflineAbort(data)?
893  "Abort Offline collection upon new\n\t\t\t\t\tcommand.":
894  "Suspend Offline collection upon new\n\t\t\t\t\tcommand.");
895 
896  pout( "\t\t\t\t\t%s\n", isSupportOfflineSurfaceScan(data)?
897  "Offline surface scan supported.":
898  "No Offline surface scan supported.");
899 
900  pout( "\t\t\t\t\t%s\n", isSupportSelfTest(data)?
901  "Self-test supported.":
902  "No Self-test supported.");
903 
904  pout( "\t\t\t\t\t%s\n", isSupportConveyanceSelfTest(data)?
905  "Conveyance Self-test supported.":
906  "No Conveyance Self-test supported.");
907 
908  pout( "\t\t\t\t\t%s\n", isSupportSelectiveSelfTest(data)?
909  "Selective Self-test supported.":
910  "No Selective Self-test supported.");
911  }
912 }
913 
915 {
916  pout("SMART capabilities: ");
917  pout("(0x%04x)\t", (int)data->smart_capability);
918 
919  if (data->smart_capability == 0x00)
920  {
921  pout("Automatic saving of SMART data\t\t\t\t\tis not implemented.\n");
922  }
923  else
924  {
925 
926  pout( "%s\n", (data->smart_capability & 0x01)?
927  "Saves SMART data before entering\n\t\t\t\t\tpower-saving mode.":
928  "Does not save SMART data before\n\t\t\t\t\tentering power-saving mode.");
929 
930  if ( data->smart_capability & 0x02 )
931  {
932  pout("\t\t\t\t\tSupports SMART auto save timer.\n");
933  }
934  }
935 }
936 
938 {
939  pout("Error logging capability: ");
940 
941  if ( isSmartErrorLogCapable(data, identity) )
942  {
943  pout(" (0x%02x)\tError logging supported.\n",
944  (int)data->errorlog_capability);
945  }
946  else {
947  pout(" (0x%02x)\tError logging NOT supported.\n",
948  (int)data->errorlog_capability);
949  }
950 }
951 
953 {
954  pout("Short self-test routine \n");
955  if (isSupportSelfTest(data))
956  pout("recommended polling time: \t (%4d) minutes.\n",
957  (int)data->short_test_completion_time);
958  else
959  pout("recommended polling time: \t Not Supported.\n");
960 }
961 
963 {
964  pout("Extended self-test routine\n");
965  if (isSupportSelfTest(data))
966  pout("recommended polling time: \t (%4d) minutes.\n",
967  TestTime(data, EXTEND_SELF_TEST));
968  else
969  pout("recommended polling time: \t Not Supported.\n");
970 }
971 
973 {
974  pout("Conveyance self-test routine\n");
975  if (isSupportConveyanceSelfTest(data))
976  pout("recommended polling time: \t (%4d) minutes.\n",
978  else
979  pout("recommended polling time: \t Not Supported.\n");
980 }
981 
982 // Check SMART attribute table for Threshold failure
983 // onlyfailed=0: are or were any age or prefailure attributes <= threshold
984 // onlyfailed=1: are any prefailure attributes <= threshold now
986  const ata_smart_thresholds_pvt * thresholds,
987  const ata_vendor_attr_defs & defs, int onlyfailed)
988 {
989  for (int i = 0; i < NUMBER_ATA_SMART_ATTRIBUTES; i++) {
990  const ata_smart_attribute & attr = data->vendor_attributes[i];
991 
992  ata_attr_state state = ata_get_attr_state(attr, i, thresholds->thres_entries, defs);
993 
994  if (!onlyfailed) {
995  if (state >= ATTRSTATE_FAILED_PAST)
996  return attr.id;
997  }
998  else {
1000  return attr.id;
1001  }
1002  }
1003  return 0;
1004 }
1005 
1006 // onlyfailed=0 : print all attribute values
1007 // onlyfailed=1: just ones that are currently failed and have prefailure bit set
1008 // onlyfailed=2: ones that are failed, or have failed with or without prefailure bit set
1010  const ata_smart_thresholds_pvt * thresholds,
1011  const ata_vendor_attr_defs & defs, int rpm,
1012  int onlyfailed, unsigned char format)
1013 {
1014  bool brief = !!(format & ata_print_options::FMT_BRIEF);
1015  bool hexid = !!(format & ata_print_options::FMT_HEX_ID);
1016  bool hexval = !!(format & ata_print_options::FMT_HEX_VAL);
1017  bool needheader = true;
1018 
1019  // step through all vendor attributes
1020  for (int i = 0; i < NUMBER_ATA_SMART_ATTRIBUTES; i++) {
1021  const ata_smart_attribute & attr = data->vendor_attributes[i];
1022 
1023  // Check attribute and threshold
1024  unsigned char threshold = 0;
1025  ata_attr_state state = ata_get_attr_state(attr, i, thresholds->thres_entries, defs, &threshold);
1026  if (state == ATTRSTATE_NON_EXISTING)
1027  continue;
1028 
1029  // These break out of the loop if we are only printing certain entries...
1030  if (onlyfailed == 1 && !(ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_PREFAILURE(attr.flags) && state == ATTRSTATE_FAILED_NOW))
1031  continue;
1032 
1033  if (onlyfailed == 2 && state < ATTRSTATE_FAILED_PAST)
1034  continue;
1035 
1036  // print header only if needed
1037  if (needheader) {
1038  if (!onlyfailed) {
1039  pout("SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: %d\n",(int)data->revnumber);
1040  pout("Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:\n");
1041  }
1042  if (!brief)
1043  pout("ID#%s ATTRIBUTE_NAME FLAG VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE UPDATED WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE\n",
1044  (!hexid ? "" : " "));
1045  else
1046  pout("ID#%s ATTRIBUTE_NAME FLAGS VALUE WORST THRESH FAIL RAW_VALUE\n",
1047  (!hexid ? "" : " "));
1048  needheader = false;
1049  }
1050 
1051  // Format value, worst, threshold
1052  std::string valstr, worstr, threstr;
1053  if (state > ATTRSTATE_NO_NORMVAL)
1054  valstr = (!hexval ? strprintf("%.3d", attr.current)
1055  : strprintf("0x%02x", attr.current));
1056  else
1057  valstr = (!hexval ? "---" : "----");
1058  if (!(defs[attr.id].flags & ATTRFLAG_NO_WORSTVAL))
1059  worstr = (!hexval ? strprintf("%.3d", attr.worst)
1060  : strprintf("0x%02x", attr.worst));
1061  else
1062  worstr = (!hexval ? "---" : "----");
1063  if (state > ATTRSTATE_NO_THRESHOLD)
1064  threstr = (!hexval ? strprintf("%.3d", threshold)
1065  : strprintf("0x%02x", threshold));
1066  else
1067  threstr = (!hexval ? "---" : "----");
1068 
1069  // Print line for each valid attribute
1070  std::string idstr = (!hexid ? strprintf("%3d", attr.id)
1071  : strprintf("0x%02x", attr.id));
1072  std::string attrname = ata_get_smart_attr_name(attr.id, defs, rpm);
1073  std::string rawstr = ata_format_attr_raw_value(attr, defs);
1074 
1075  if (!brief)
1076  pout("%s %-24s0x%04x %-4s %-4s %-4s %-10s%-9s%-12s%s\n",
1077  idstr.c_str(), attrname.c_str(), attr.flags,
1078  valstr.c_str(), worstr.c_str(), threstr.c_str(),
1079  (ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_PREFAILURE(attr.flags) ? "Pre-fail" : "Old_age"),
1080  (ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_ONLINE(attr.flags) ? "Always" : "Offline"),
1081  (state == ATTRSTATE_FAILED_NOW ? "FAILING_NOW" :
1082  state == ATTRSTATE_FAILED_PAST ? "In_the_past"
1083  : " -" ) ,
1084  rawstr.c_str());
1085  else
1086  pout("%s %-24s%c%c%c%c%c%c%c %-4s %-4s %-4s %-5s%s\n",
1087  idstr.c_str(), attrname.c_str(),
1088  (ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_PREFAILURE(attr.flags) ? 'P' : '-'),
1089  (ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_ONLINE(attr.flags) ? 'O' : '-'),
1090  (ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_PERFORMANCE(attr.flags) ? 'S' : '-'),
1091  (ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_ERRORRATE(attr.flags) ? 'R' : '-'),
1092  (ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_EVENTCOUNT(attr.flags) ? 'C' : '-'),
1093  (ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_SELFPRESERVING(attr.flags) ? 'K' : '-'),
1094  (ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_OTHER(attr.flags) ? '+' : ' '),
1095  valstr.c_str(), worstr.c_str(), threstr.c_str(),
1096  (state == ATTRSTATE_FAILED_NOW ? "NOW" :
1097  state == ATTRSTATE_FAILED_PAST ? "Past"
1098  : "-" ),
1099  rawstr.c_str());
1100 
1101  }
1102 
1103  if (!needheader) {
1104  if (!onlyfailed && brief) {
1105  int n = (!hexid ? 28 : 29);
1106  pout("%*s||||||_ K auto-keep\n"
1107  "%*s|||||__ C event count\n"
1108  "%*s||||___ R error rate\n"
1109  "%*s|||____ S speed/performance\n"
1110  "%*s||_____ O updated online\n"
1111  "%*s|______ P prefailure warning\n",
1112  n, "", n, "", n, "", n, "", n, "", n, "");
1113  }
1114  pout("\n");
1115  }
1116 }
1117 
1118 // Print SMART related SCT capabilities
1120 {
1121  unsigned short sctcaps = drive->words088_255[206-88];
1122  if (!(sctcaps & 0x01))
1123  return;
1124  pout("SCT capabilities: \t (0x%04x)\tSCT Status supported.\n", sctcaps);
1125  if (sctcaps & 0x08)
1126  pout("\t\t\t\t\tSCT Error Recovery Control supported.\n");
1127  if (sctcaps & 0x10)
1128  pout("\t\t\t\t\tSCT Feature Control supported.\n");
1129  if (sctcaps & 0x20)
1130  pout("\t\t\t\t\tSCT Data Table supported.\n");
1131 }
1132 
1133 
1135  firmwarebug_defs firmwarebugs)
1136 {
1137  pout("General SMART Values:\n");
1138 
1139  PrintSmartOfflineStatus(data);
1140 
1141  if (isSupportSelfTest(data)){
1142  PrintSmartSelfExecStatus(data, firmwarebugs);
1143  }
1144 
1147  PrintSmartCapability(data);
1148 
1149  PrintSmartErrorLogCapability(data, drive);
1150 
1151  pout( "\t\t\t\t\t%s\n", isGeneralPurposeLoggingCapable(drive)?
1152  "General Purpose Logging supported.":
1153  "No General Purpose Logging support.");
1154 
1155  if (isSupportSelfTest(data)){
1158  }
1159  if (isSupportConveyanceSelfTest(data))
1161 
1162  ataPrintSCTCapability(drive);
1163 
1164  pout("\n");
1165 }
1166 
1167 // Get # sectors of a log addr, 0 if log does not exist.
1168 static unsigned GetNumLogSectors(const ata_smart_log_directory * logdir, unsigned logaddr, bool gpl)
1169 {
1170  if (!logdir)
1171  return 0;
1172  if (logaddr > 0xff)
1173  return 0;
1174  if (logaddr == 0)
1175  return 1;
1176  unsigned n = logdir->entry[logaddr-1].numsectors;
1177  if (gpl)
1178  // GP logs may have >255 sectors
1179  n |= logdir->entry[logaddr-1].reserved << 8;
1180  return n;
1181 }
1182 
1183 // Get name of log.
1184 static const char * GetLogName(unsigned logaddr)
1185 {
1186  // Table 205 of T13/BSR INCITS 529 (ACS-4) Revision 08, April 28, 2015
1187  // Table 112 of Serial ATA Revision 3.2, August 7, 2013
1188  switch (logaddr) {
1189  case 0x00: return "Log Directory";
1190  case 0x01: return "Summary SMART error log";
1191  case 0x02: return "Comprehensive SMART error log";
1192  case 0x03: return "Ext. Comprehensive SMART error log";
1193  case 0x04: return "Device Statistics log";
1194  case 0x05: return "Reserved for CFA"; // ACS-2
1195  case 0x06: return "SMART self-test log";
1196  case 0x07: return "Extended self-test log";
1197  case 0x08: return "Power Conditions log"; // ACS-2
1198  case 0x09: return "Selective self-test log";
1199  case 0x0a: return "Device Statistics Notification"; // ACS-3
1200  case 0x0b: return "Reserved for CFA"; // ACS-3
1201  case 0x0c: return "Pending Defects log"; // ACS-4
1202  case 0x0d: return "LPS Mis-alignment log"; // ACS-2
1203 
1204  case 0x0f: return "Sense Data for Successful NCQ Cmds log"; // ACS-4
1205  case 0x10: return "SATA NCQ Queued Error log";
1206  case 0x11: return "SATA Phy Event Counters log";
1207  //case 0x12: return "SATA NCQ Queue Management log"; // SATA 3.0/3.1
1208  case 0x12: return "SATA NCQ NON-DATA log"; // SATA 3.2
1209  case 0x13: return "SATA NCQ Send and Receive log"; // SATA 3.1
1210  case 0x14: return "SATA Hybrid Information log"; // SATA 3.2
1211  case 0x15: return "SATA Rebuild Assist log"; // SATA 3.2
1212  case 0x16:
1213  case 0x17: return "Reserved for Serial ATA";
1214 
1215  case 0x19: return "LBA Status log"; // ACS-3
1216 
1217  case 0x20: return "Streaming performance log [OBS-8]";
1218  case 0x21: return "Write stream error log";
1219  case 0x22: return "Read stream error log";
1220  case 0x23: return "Delayed sector log [OBS-8]";
1221  case 0x24: return "Current Device Internal Status Data log"; // ACS-3
1222  case 0x25: return "Saved Device Internal Status Data log"; // ACS-3
1223 
1224  case 0x30: return "IDENTIFY DEVICE data log"; // ACS-3
1225 
1226  case 0xe0: return "SCT Command/Status";
1227  case 0xe1: return "SCT Data Transfer";
1228  default:
1229  if (0xa0 <= logaddr && logaddr <= 0xdf)
1230  return "Device vendor specific log";
1231  if (0x80 <= logaddr && logaddr <= 0x9f)
1232  return "Host vendor specific log";
1233  return "Reserved";
1234  }
1235  /*NOTREACHED*/
1236 }
1237 
1238 // Get log access permissions
1239 static const char * get_log_rw(unsigned logaddr)
1240 {
1241  if ( ( logaddr <= 0x08)
1242  || (0x0c <= logaddr && logaddr <= 0x0d)
1243  || (0x0f <= logaddr && logaddr <= 0x14)
1244  || (0x19 == logaddr)
1245  || (0x20 <= logaddr && logaddr <= 0x25)
1246  || (0x30 == logaddr))
1247  return "R/O";
1248 
1249  if ( (0x09 <= logaddr && logaddr <= 0x0a)
1250  || (0x15 == logaddr)
1251  || (0x80 <= logaddr && logaddr <= 0x9f)
1252  || (0xe0 <= logaddr && logaddr <= 0xe1))
1253  return "R/W";
1254 
1255  if (0xa0 <= logaddr && logaddr <= 0xdf)
1256  return "VS"; // Vendor specific
1257 
1258  return "-"; // Unknown/Reserved
1259 }
1260 
1261 // Init a fake log directory, assume that standard logs are supported
1263  const ata_print_options & options)
1264 {
1265  memset(logdir, 0, sizeof(*logdir));
1266  logdir->logversion = 255;
1267  logdir->entry[0x01-1].numsectors = 1;
1268  logdir->entry[0x03-1].numsectors = (options.smart_ext_error_log + (4-1)) / 4;
1269  logdir->entry[0x04-1].numsectors = 8;
1270  logdir->entry[0x06-1].numsectors = 1;
1271  logdir->entry[0x07-1].numsectors = (options.smart_ext_selftest_log + (19-1)) / 19;
1272  logdir->entry[0x09-1].numsectors = 1;
1273  logdir->entry[0x11-1].numsectors = 1;
1274  return logdir;
1275 }
1276 
1277 // Print SMART and/or GP Log Directory
1278 static void PrintLogDirectories(const ata_smart_log_directory * gplogdir,
1279  const ata_smart_log_directory * smartlogdir)
1280 {
1281  if (gplogdir)
1282  pout("General Purpose Log Directory Version %u\n", gplogdir->logversion);
1283  if (smartlogdir)
1284  pout("SMART %sLog Directory Version %u%s\n",
1285  (gplogdir ? " " : ""), smartlogdir->logversion,
1286  (smartlogdir->logversion==1 ? " [multi-sector log support]" : ""));
1287 
1288  pout("Address Access R/W Size Description\n");
1289 
1290  for (unsigned i = 0; i <= 0xff; i++) {
1291  // Get number of sectors
1292  unsigned smart_numsect = GetNumLogSectors(smartlogdir, i, false);
1293  unsigned gp_numsect = GetNumLogSectors(gplogdir , i, true );
1294 
1295  if (!(smart_numsect || gp_numsect))
1296  continue; // Log does not exist
1297 
1298  const char * acc; unsigned size;
1299  if (smart_numsect == gp_numsect) {
1300  acc = "GPL,SL"; size = gp_numsect;
1301  }
1302  else if (!smart_numsect) {
1303  acc = "GPL"; size = gp_numsect;
1304  }
1305  else if (!gp_numsect) {
1306  acc = " SL"; size = smart_numsect;
1307  }
1308  else {
1309  acc = 0; size = 0;
1310  }
1311 
1312  unsigned i2 = i;
1313  if (acc && ((0x80 <= i && i < 0x9f) || (0xa0 <= i && i < 0xdf))) {
1314  // Find range of Host/Device vendor specific logs with same size
1315  unsigned imax = (i < 0x9f ? 0x9f : 0xdf);
1316  for (unsigned j = i+1; j <= imax; j++) {
1317  unsigned sn = GetNumLogSectors(smartlogdir, j, false);
1318  unsigned gn = GetNumLogSectors(gplogdir , j, true );
1319 
1320  if (!(sn == smart_numsect && gn == gp_numsect))
1321  break;
1322  i2 = j;
1323  }
1324  }
1325 
1326  const char * name = GetLogName(i);
1327  const char * rw = get_log_rw(i);
1328 
1329  if (i2 > i) {
1330  pout("0x%02x-0x%02x %-6s %-3s %5u %s\n", i, i2, acc, rw, size, name);
1331  i = i2;
1332  }
1333  else if (acc)
1334  pout( "0x%02x %-6s %-3s %5u %s\n", i, acc, rw, size, name);
1335  else {
1336  // GPL and SL support different sizes
1337  pout( "0x%02x %-6s %-3s %5u %s\n", i, "GPL", rw, gp_numsect, name);
1338  pout( "0x%02x %-6s %-3s %5u %s\n", i, "SL", rw, smart_numsect, name);
1339  }
1340  }
1341  pout("\n");
1342 }
1343 
1344 // Print hexdump of log pages.
1345 // Format is compatible with 'xxd -r'.
1346 static void PrintLogPages(const char * type, const unsigned char * data,
1347  unsigned char logaddr, unsigned page,
1348  unsigned num_pages, unsigned max_pages)
1349 {
1350  pout("%s Log 0x%02x [%s], Page %u-%u (of %u)\n",
1351  type, logaddr, GetLogName(logaddr), page, page+num_pages-1, max_pages);
1352  for (unsigned i = 0; i < num_pages * 512; i += 16) {
1353  const unsigned char * p = data+i;
1354  pout("%07x: %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x "
1355  "%02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x ",
1356  (page * 512) + i,
1357  p[ 0], p[ 1], p[ 2], p[ 3], p[ 4], p[ 5], p[ 6], p[ 7],
1358  p[ 8], p[ 9], p[10], p[11], p[12], p[13], p[14], p[15]);
1359 #define P(n) (' ' <= p[n] && p[n] <= '~' ? (int)p[n] : '.')
1360  pout("|%c%c%c%c%c%c%c%c"
1361  "%c%c%c%c%c%c%c%c|\n",
1362  P( 0), P( 1), P( 2), P( 3), P( 4), P( 5), P( 6), P( 7),
1363  P( 8), P( 9), P(10), P(11), P(12), P(13), P(14), P(15));
1364 #undef P
1365  if ((i & 0x1ff) == 0x1f0)
1366  pout("\n");
1367  }
1368 }
1369 
1370 ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
1371 // Device statistics (Log 0x04)
1372 
1373 // Section A.5 of T13/2161-D (ACS-3) Revision 5, October 28, 2013
1374 // Section 9.5 of T13/BSR INCITS 529 (ACS-4) Revision 08, April 28, 2015
1375 
1377 {
1378  short size; // #bytes of value, -1 for signed char
1379  const char * name;
1380 };
1381 
1383  { 2, "List of supported log pages" },
1384  { 0, 0 }
1385 };
1386 
1388  { 2, "General Statistics" },
1389  { 4, "Lifetime Power-On Resets" },
1390  { 4, "Power-on Hours" },
1391  { 6, "Logical Sectors Written" },
1392  { 6, "Number of Write Commands" },
1393  { 6, "Logical Sectors Read" },
1394  { 6, "Number of Read Commands" },
1395  { 6, "Date and Time TimeStamp" }, // ACS-3
1396  { 4, "Pending Error Count" }, // ACS-4
1397  { 2, "Workload Utilization" }, // ACS-4
1398  { 6, "Utilization Usage Rate" }, // ACS-4 (TODO: field provides 3 values)
1399  { 0, 0 }
1400 };
1401 
1403  { 2, "Free-Fall Statistics" },
1404  { 4, "Number of Free-Fall Events Detected" },
1405  { 4, "Overlimit Shock Events" },
1406  { 0, 0 }
1407 };
1408 
1410  { 2, "Rotating Media Statistics" },
1411  { 4, "Spindle Motor Power-on Hours" },
1412  { 4, "Head Flying Hours" },
1413  { 4, "Head Load Events" },
1414  { 4, "Number of Reallocated Logical Sectors" },
1415  { 4, "Read Recovery Attempts" },
1416  { 4, "Number of Mechanical Start Failures" },
1417  { 4, "Number of Realloc. Candidate Logical Sectors" }, // ACS-3
1418  { 4, "Number of High Priority Unload Events" }, // ACS-3
1419  { 0, 0 }
1420 };
1421 
1423  { 2, "General Errors Statistics" },
1424  { 4, "Number of Reported Uncorrectable Errors" },
1425 //{ 4, "Number of Resets Between Command Acceptance and Command Completion" },
1426  { 4, "Resets Between Cmd Acceptance and Completion" },
1427  { 0, 0 }
1428 };
1429 
1431  { 2, "Temperature Statistics" },
1432  { -1, "Current Temperature" },
1433  { -1, "Average Short Term Temperature" },
1434  { -1, "Average Long Term Temperature" },
1435  { -1, "Highest Temperature" },
1436  { -1, "Lowest Temperature" },
1437  { -1, "Highest Average Short Term Temperature" },
1438  { -1, "Lowest Average Short Term Temperature" },
1439  { -1, "Highest Average Long Term Temperature" },
1440  { -1, "Lowest Average Long Term Temperature" },
1441  { 4, "Time in Over-Temperature" },
1442  { -1, "Specified Maximum Operating Temperature" },
1443  { 4, "Time in Under-Temperature" },
1444  { -1, "Specified Minimum Operating Temperature" },
1445  { 0, 0 }
1446 };
1447 
1449  { 2, "Transport Statistics" },
1450  { 4, "Number of Hardware Resets" },
1451  { 4, "Number of ASR Events" },
1452  { 4, "Number of Interface CRC Errors" },
1453  { 0, 0 }
1454 };
1455 
1457  { 2, "Solid State Device Statistics" },
1458  { 1, "Percentage Used Endurance Indicator" },
1459  { 0, 0 }
1460 };
1461 
1470  devstat_info_0x07
1471 };
1472 
1473 const int num_devstat_infos = sizeof(devstat_infos)/sizeof(devstat_infos[0]);
1474 
1475 static const char * get_device_statistics_page_name(int page)
1476 {
1477  if (page < num_devstat_infos)
1478  return devstat_infos[page][0].name;
1479  if (page == 0xff)
1480  return "Vendor Specific Statistics"; // ACS-4
1481  return "Unknown Statistics";
1482 }
1483 
1484 static void print_device_statistics_page(const unsigned char * data, int page)
1485 {
1486  const devstat_entry_info * info = (page < num_devstat_infos ? devstat_infos[page] : 0);
1487  const char * name = get_device_statistics_page_name(page);
1488 
1489  // Check page number in header
1490  static const char line[] = " ===== = = === == ";
1491  if (!data[2]) {
1492  pout("0x%02x%s%s (empty) ==\n", page, line, name);
1493  return;
1494  }
1495  if (data[2] != page) {
1496  pout("0x%02x%s%s (invalid page 0x%02x in header) ==\n", page, line, name, data[2]);
1497  return;
1498  }
1499 
1500  pout("0x%02x%s%s (rev %d) ==\n", page, line, name, data[0] | (data[1] << 8));
1501 
1502  // Print entries
1503  for (int i = 1, offset = 8; offset < 512-7; i++, offset+=8) {
1504  // Check for last known entry
1505  if (info && !info[i].size)
1506  info = 0;
1507 
1508  // Skip unsupported entries
1509  unsigned char flags = data[offset+7];
1510  if (!(flags & 0x80))
1511  continue;
1512 
1513  // Stop if unknown entries contain garbage data due to buggy firmware
1514  if (!info && (data[offset+5] || data[offset+6])) {
1515  pout("0x%02x 0x%03x - - [Trailing garbage ignored]\n", page, offset);
1516  break;
1517  }
1518 
1519  // Get value size, default to max if unknown
1520  int size = (info ? info[i].size : 7);
1521 
1522  // Format value
1523  char valstr[32];
1524  if (flags & 0x40) { // valid flag
1525  // Get value
1526  int64_t val;
1527  if (size < 0) {
1528  val = (signed char)data[offset];
1529  }
1530  else {
1531  val = 0;
1532  for (int j = 0; j < size; j++)
1533  val |= (int64_t)data[offset+j] << (j*8);
1534  }
1535  snprintf(valstr, sizeof(valstr), "%" PRId64, val);
1536  }
1537  else {
1538  // Value not known (yet)
1539  valstr[0] = '-'; valstr[1] = 0;
1540  }
1541 
1542  pout("0x%02x 0x%03x %d %15s %c%c%c%c %s\n",
1543  page, offset,
1544  abs(size),
1545  valstr,
1546  ((flags & 0x20) ? 'N' : '-'), // normalized statistics
1547  ((flags & 0x10) ? 'D' : '-'), // supports DSN (ACS-3)
1548  ((flags & 0x08) ? 'C' : '-'), // monitored condition met (ACS-3)
1549  ((flags & 0x07) ? '+' : ' '), // reserved flags
1550  ( info ? info[i].name :
1551  (page == 0xff) ? "Vendor Specific" // ACS-4
1552  : "Unknown" ));
1553  }
1554 }
1555 
1556 static bool print_device_statistics(ata_device * device, unsigned nsectors,
1557  const std::vector<int> & single_pages, bool all_pages, bool ssd_page,
1558  bool use_gplog)
1559 {
1560  // Read list of supported pages from page 0
1561  unsigned char page_0[512] = {0, };
1562  int rc;
1563 
1564  if (use_gplog)
1565  rc = ataReadLogExt(device, 0x04, 0, 0, page_0, 1);
1566  else
1567  rc = ataReadSmartLog(device, 0x04, page_0, 1);
1568  if (!rc) {
1569  pout("Read Device Statistics page 0x00 failed\n\n");
1570  return false;
1571  }
1572 
1573  unsigned char nentries = page_0[8];
1574  if (!(page_0[2] == 0 && nentries > 0)) {
1575  pout("Device Statistics page 0x00 is invalid (page=0x%02x, nentries=%d)\n\n", page_0[2], nentries);
1576  return false;
1577  }
1578 
1579  // Prepare list of pages to print
1580  std::vector<int> pages;
1581  unsigned i;
1582  if (all_pages) {
1583  // Add all supported pages
1584  for (i = 0; i < nentries; i++) {
1585  int page = page_0[8+1+i];
1586  if (page)
1587  pages.push_back(page);
1588  }
1589  ssd_page = false;
1590  }
1591  // Add manually specified pages
1592  bool print_page_0 = false;
1593  for (i = 0; i < single_pages.size() || ssd_page; i++) {
1594  int page = (i < single_pages.size() ? single_pages[i] : 0x07);
1595  if (!page)
1596  print_page_0 = true;
1597  else if (page >= (int)nsectors)
1598  pout("Device Statistics Log has only 0x%02x pages\n", nsectors);
1599  else
1600  pages.push_back(page);
1601  if (page == 0x07)
1602  ssd_page = false;
1603  }
1604 
1605  // Print list of supported pages if requested
1606  if (print_page_0) {
1607  pout("Device Statistics (%s Log 0x04) supported pages\n",
1608  use_gplog ? "GP" : "SMART");
1609  pout("Page Description\n");
1610  for (i = 0; i < nentries; i++) {
1611  int page = page_0[8+1+i];
1612  pout("0x%02x %s\n", page, get_device_statistics_page_name(page));
1613  }
1614  pout("\n");
1615  }
1616 
1617  // Read & print pages
1618  if (!pages.empty()) {
1619  pout("Device Statistics (%s Log 0x04)\n",
1620  use_gplog ? "GP" : "SMART");
1621  pout("Page Offset Size Value Flags Description\n");
1622  int max_page = 0;
1623 
1624  if (!use_gplog)
1625  for (i = 0; i < pages.size(); i++) {
1626  int page = pages[i];
1627  if (max_page < page && page < 0xff)
1628  max_page = page;
1629  }
1630 
1631  raw_buffer pages_buf((max_page+1) * 512);
1632 
1633  if (!use_gplog && !ataReadSmartLog(device, 0x04, pages_buf.data(), max_page+1)) {
1634  pout("Read Device Statistics pages 0x00-0x%02x failed\n\n", max_page);
1635  return false;
1636  }
1637 
1638  for (i = 0; i < pages.size(); i++) {
1639  int page = pages[i];
1640  if (use_gplog) {
1641  if (!ataReadLogExt(device, 0x04, 0, page, pages_buf.data(), 1)) {
1642  pout("Read Device Statistics page 0x%02x failed\n\n", page);
1643  return false;
1644  }
1645  }
1646  else if (page > max_page)
1647  continue;
1648 
1649  int offset = (use_gplog ? 0 : page * 512);
1650  print_device_statistics_page(pages_buf.data() + offset, page);
1651  }
1652 
1653  pout("%32s|||_ C monitored condition met\n", "");
1654  pout("%32s||__ D supports DSN\n", "");
1655  pout("%32s|___ N normalized value\n\n", "");
1656  }
1657 
1658  return true;
1659 }
1660 
1661 
1662 ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
1663 
1664 // Print log 0x11
1665 static void PrintSataPhyEventCounters(const unsigned char * data, bool reset)
1666 {
1667  if (checksum(data))
1668  checksumwarning("SATA Phy Event Counters");
1669  pout("SATA Phy Event Counters (GP Log 0x11)\n");
1670  if (data[0] || data[1] || data[2] || data[3])
1671  pout("[Reserved: 0x%02x 0x%02x 0x%02x 0x%02x]\n",
1672  data[0], data[1], data[2], data[3]);
1673  pout("ID Size Value Description\n");
1674 
1675  for (unsigned i = 4; ; ) {
1676  // Get counter id and size (bits 14:12)
1677  unsigned id = data[i] | (data[i+1] << 8);
1678  unsigned size = ((id >> 12) & 0x7) << 1;
1679  id &= 0x8fff;
1680 
1681  // End of counter table ?
1682  if (!id)
1683  break;
1684  i += 2;
1685 
1686  if (!(2 <= size && size <= 8 && i + size < 512)) {
1687  pout("0x%04x %u: Invalid entry\n", id, size);
1688  break;
1689  }
1690 
1691  // Get value
1692  uint64_t val = 0, max_val = 0;
1693  for (unsigned j = 0; j < size; j+=2) {
1694  val |= (uint64_t)(data[i+j] | (data[i+j+1] << 8)) << (j*8);
1695  max_val |= (uint64_t)0xffffU << (j*8);
1696  }
1697  i += size;
1698 
1699  // Get name
1700  const char * name;
1701  switch (id) {
1702  case 0x001: name = "Command failed due to ICRC error"; break; // Mandatory
1703  case 0x002: name = "R_ERR response for data FIS"; break;
1704  case 0x003: name = "R_ERR response for device-to-host data FIS"; break;
1705  case 0x004: name = "R_ERR response for host-to-device data FIS"; break;
1706  case 0x005: name = "R_ERR response for non-data FIS"; break;
1707  case 0x006: name = "R_ERR response for device-to-host non-data FIS"; break;
1708  case 0x007: name = "R_ERR response for host-to-device non-data FIS"; break;
1709  case 0x008: name = "Device-to-host non-data FIS retries"; break;
1710  case 0x009: name = "Transition from drive PhyRdy to drive PhyNRdy"; break;
1711  case 0x00A: name = "Device-to-host register FISes sent due to a COMRESET"; break; // Mandatory
1712  case 0x00B: name = "CRC errors within host-to-device FIS"; break;
1713  case 0x00D: name = "Non-CRC errors within host-to-device FIS"; break;
1714  case 0x00F: name = "R_ERR response for host-to-device data FIS, CRC"; break;
1715  case 0x010: name = "R_ERR response for host-to-device data FIS, non-CRC"; break;
1716  case 0x012: name = "R_ERR response for host-to-device non-data FIS, CRC"; break;
1717  case 0x013: name = "R_ERR response for host-to-device non-data FIS, non-CRC"; break;
1718  default: name = ((id & 0x8000) ? "Vendor specific" : "Unknown"); break;
1719  }
1720 
1721  // Counters stop at max value, add '+' in this case
1722  pout("0x%04x %u %12" PRIu64 "%c %s\n", id, size, val,
1723  (val == max_val ? '+' : ' '), name);
1724  }
1725  if (reset)
1726  pout("All counters reset\n");
1727  pout("\n");
1728 }
1729 
1730 // Format milliseconds from error log entry as "DAYS+H:M:S.MSEC"
1731 static std::string format_milliseconds(unsigned msec)
1732 {
1733  unsigned days = msec / 86400000U;
1734  msec -= days * 86400000U;
1735  unsigned hours = msec / 3600000U;
1736  msec -= hours * 3600000U;
1737  unsigned min = msec / 60000U;
1738  msec -= min * 60000U;
1739  unsigned sec = msec / 1000U;
1740  msec -= sec * 1000U;
1741 
1742  std::string str;
1743  if (days)
1744  str = strprintf("%2ud+", days);
1745  str += strprintf("%02u:%02u:%02u.%03u", hours, min, sec, msec);
1746  return str;
1747 }
1748 
1749 // Get description for 'state' value from SMART Error Logs
1750 static const char * get_error_log_state_desc(unsigned state)
1751 {
1752  state &= 0x0f;
1753  switch (state){
1754  case 0x0: return "in an unknown state";
1755  case 0x1: return "sleeping";
1756  case 0x2: return "in standby mode";
1757  case 0x3: return "active or idle";
1758  case 0x4: return "doing SMART Offline or Self-test";
1759  default:
1760  return (state < 0xb ? "in a reserved state"
1761  : "in a vendor specific state");
1762  }
1763 }
1764 
1765 // returns number of errors
1767  firmwarebug_defs firmwarebugs)
1768 {
1769  pout("SMART Error Log Version: %d\n", (int)data->revnumber);
1770 
1771  // if no errors logged, return
1772  if (!data->error_log_pointer){
1773  pout("No Errors Logged\n\n");
1774  return 0;
1775  }
1776  print_on();
1777  // If log pointer out of range, return
1778  if (data->error_log_pointer>5){
1779  pout("Invalid Error Log index = 0x%02x (T13/1321D rev 1c "
1780  "Section 8.41.6.8.2.2 gives valid range from 1 to 5)\n\n",
1781  (int)data->error_log_pointer);
1782  return 0;
1783  }
1784 
1785  // Some internal consistency checking of the data structures
1786  if ((data->ata_error_count-data->error_log_pointer) % 5 && !firmwarebugs.is_set(BUG_SAMSUNG2)) {
1787  pout("Warning: ATA error count %d inconsistent with error log pointer %d\n\n",
1788  data->ata_error_count,data->error_log_pointer);
1789  }
1790 
1791  // starting printing error log info
1792  if (data->ata_error_count<=5)
1793  pout( "ATA Error Count: %d\n", (int)data->ata_error_count);
1794  else
1795  pout( "ATA Error Count: %d (device log contains only the most recent five errors)\n",
1796  (int)data->ata_error_count);
1797  print_off();
1798  pout("\tCR = Command Register [HEX]\n"
1799  "\tFR = Features Register [HEX]\n"
1800  "\tSC = Sector Count Register [HEX]\n"
1801  "\tSN = Sector Number Register [HEX]\n"
1802  "\tCL = Cylinder Low Register [HEX]\n"
1803  "\tCH = Cylinder High Register [HEX]\n"
1804  "\tDH = Device/Head Register [HEX]\n"
1805  "\tDC = Device Command Register [HEX]\n"
1806  "\tER = Error register [HEX]\n"
1807  "\tST = Status register [HEX]\n"
1808  "Powered_Up_Time is measured from power on, and printed as\n"
1809  "DDd+hh:mm:SS.sss where DD=days, hh=hours, mm=minutes,\n"
1810  "SS=sec, and sss=millisec. It \"wraps\" after 49.710 days.\n\n");
1811 
1812  // now step through the five error log data structures (table 39 of spec)
1813  for (int k = 4; k >= 0; k-- ) {
1814 
1815  // The error log data structure entries are a circular buffer
1816  int i = (data->error_log_pointer + k) % 5;
1817  const ata_smart_errorlog_struct * elog = data->errorlog_struct+i;
1818  const ata_smart_errorlog_error_struct * summary = &(elog->error_struct);
1819 
1820  // Spec says: unused error log structures shall be zero filled
1821  if (nonempty(elog, sizeof(*elog))){
1822  // Table 57 of T13/1532D Volume 1 Revision 3
1823  const char *msgstate = get_error_log_state_desc(summary->state);
1824  int days = (int)summary->timestamp/24;
1825 
1826  // See table 42 of ATA5 spec
1827  print_on();
1828  pout("Error %d occurred at disk power-on lifetime: %d hours (%d days + %d hours)\n",
1829  (int)(data->ata_error_count+k-4), (int)summary->timestamp, days, (int)(summary->timestamp-24*days));
1830  print_off();
1831  pout(" When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was %s.\n\n",msgstate);
1832  pout(" After command completion occurred, registers were:\n"
1833  " ER ST SC SN CL CH DH\n"
1834  " -- -- -- -- -- -- --\n"
1835  " %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x",
1836  (int)summary->error_register,
1837  (int)summary->status,
1838  (int)summary->sector_count,
1839  (int)summary->sector_number,
1840  (int)summary->cylinder_low,
1841  (int)summary->cylinder_high,
1842  (int)summary->drive_head);
1843  // Add a description of the contents of the status and error registers
1844  // if possible
1845  std::string st_er_desc = format_st_er_desc(elog);
1846  if (!st_er_desc.empty())
1847  pout(" %s", st_er_desc.c_str());
1848  pout("\n\n");
1849  pout(" Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:\n"
1850  " CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC Powered_Up_Time Command/Feature_Name\n"
1851  " -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ---------------- --------------------\n");
1852  for (int j = 4; j >= 0; j--) {
1853  const ata_smart_errorlog_command_struct * thiscommand = elog->commands+j;
1854 
1855  // Spec says: unused data command structures shall be zero filled
1856  if (nonempty(thiscommand, sizeof(*thiscommand))) {
1857  pout(" %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %16s %s\n",
1858  (int)thiscommand->commandreg,
1859  (int)thiscommand->featuresreg,
1860  (int)thiscommand->sector_count,
1861  (int)thiscommand->sector_number,
1862  (int)thiscommand->cylinder_low,
1863  (int)thiscommand->cylinder_high,
1864  (int)thiscommand->drive_head,
1865  (int)thiscommand->devicecontrolreg,
1866  format_milliseconds(thiscommand->timestamp).c_str(),
1867  look_up_ata_command(thiscommand->commandreg, thiscommand->featuresreg));
1868  }
1869  }
1870  pout("\n");
1871  }
1872  }
1873  print_on();
1875  pout("\n");
1876  print_off();
1877  return data->ata_error_count;
1878 }
1879 
1880 // Print SMART Extended Comprehensive Error Log (GP Log 0x03)
1881 static int PrintSmartExtErrorLog(ata_device * device,
1882  const firmwarebug_defs & firmwarebugs,
1883  const ata_smart_exterrlog * log,
1884  unsigned nsectors, unsigned max_errors)
1885 {
1886  pout("SMART Extended Comprehensive Error Log Version: %u (%u sectors)\n",
1887  log->version, nsectors);
1888 
1889  if (!log->device_error_count) {
1890  pout("No Errors Logged\n\n");
1891  return 0;
1892  }
1893  print_on();
1894 
1895  // Check index
1896  unsigned nentries = nsectors * 4;
1897  unsigned erridx = log->error_log_index;
1898  if (!(1 <= erridx && erridx <= nentries)){
1899  // Some Samsung disks (at least SP1614C/SW100-25, HD300LJ/ZT100-12) use the
1900  // former index from Summary Error Log (byte 1, now reserved) and set byte 2-3
1901  // to 0.
1902  if (!(erridx == 0 && 1 <= log->reserved1 && log->reserved1 <= nentries)) {
1903  pout("Invalid Error Log index = 0x%04x (reserved = 0x%02x)\n", erridx, log->reserved1);
1904  return 0;
1905  }
1906  pout("Invalid Error Log index = 0x%04x, trying reserved byte (0x%02x) instead\n", erridx, log->reserved1);
1907  erridx = log->reserved1;
1908  }
1909 
1910  // Index base is not clearly specified by ATA8-ACS (T13/1699-D Revision 6a),
1911  // it is 1-based in practice.
1912  erridx--;
1913 
1914  // Calculate #errors to print
1915  unsigned errcnt = log->device_error_count;
1916 
1917  if (errcnt <= nentries)
1918  pout("Device Error Count: %u\n", log->device_error_count);
1919  else {
1920  errcnt = nentries;
1921  pout("Device Error Count: %u (device log contains only the most recent %u errors)\n",
1922  log->device_error_count, errcnt);
1923  }
1924 
1925  if (max_errors < errcnt)
1926  errcnt = max_errors;
1927 
1928  print_off();
1929  pout("\tCR = Command Register\n"
1930  "\tFEATR = Features Register\n"
1931  "\tCOUNT = Count (was: Sector Count) Register\n"
1932  "\tLBA_48 = Upper bytes of LBA High/Mid/Low Registers ] ATA-8\n"
1933  "\tLH = LBA High (was: Cylinder High) Register ] LBA\n"
1934  "\tLM = LBA Mid (was: Cylinder Low) Register ] Register\n"
1935  "\tLL = LBA Low (was: Sector Number) Register ]\n"
1936  "\tDV = Device (was: Device/Head) Register\n"
1937  "\tDC = Device Control Register\n"
1938  "\tER = Error register\n"
1939  "\tST = Status register\n"
1940  "Powered_Up_Time is measured from power on, and printed as\n"
1941  "DDd+hh:mm:SS.sss where DD=days, hh=hours, mm=minutes,\n"
1942  "SS=sec, and sss=millisec. It \"wraps\" after 49.710 days.\n\n");
1943 
1944  // Recently read log page
1945  ata_smart_exterrlog log_buf;
1946  unsigned log_buf_page = ~0;
1947 
1948  // Iterate through circular buffer in reverse direction
1949  for (unsigned i = 0, errnum = log->device_error_count;
1950  i < errcnt; i++, errnum--, erridx = (erridx > 0 ? erridx - 1 : nentries - 1)) {
1951 
1952  // Read log page if needed
1953  const ata_smart_exterrlog * log_p;
1954  unsigned page = erridx / 4;
1955  if (page == 0)
1956  log_p = log;
1957  else {
1958  if (page != log_buf_page) {
1959  memset(&log_buf, 0, sizeof(log_buf));
1960  if (!ataReadExtErrorLog(device, &log_buf, page, 1, firmwarebugs))
1961  break;
1962  log_buf_page = page;
1963  }
1964  log_p = &log_buf;
1965  }
1966 
1967  const ata_smart_exterrlog_error_log & entry = log_p->error_logs[erridx % 4];
1968 
1969  // Skip unused entries
1970  if (!nonempty(&entry, sizeof(entry))) {
1971  pout("Error %u [%u] log entry is empty\n", errnum, erridx);
1972  continue;
1973  }
1974 
1975  // Print error information
1976  print_on();
1977  const ata_smart_exterrlog_error & err = entry.error;
1978  pout("Error %u [%u] occurred at disk power-on lifetime: %u hours (%u days + %u hours)\n",
1979  errnum, erridx, err.timestamp, err.timestamp / 24, err.timestamp % 24);
1980  print_off();
1981 
1982  pout(" When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was %s.\n\n",
1984 
1985  // Print registers
1986  pout(" After command completion occurred, registers were:\n"
1987  " ER -- ST COUNT LBA_48 LH LM LL DV DC\n"
1988  " -- -- -- == -- == == == -- -- -- -- --\n"
1989  " %02x -- %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x",
1990  err.error_register,
1991  err.status_register,
1992  err.count_register_hi,
1993  err.count_register,
1995  err.lba_mid_register_hi,
1996  err.lba_low_register_hi,
1997  err.lba_high_register,
1998  err.lba_mid_register,
1999  err.lba_low_register,
2000  err.device_register,
2002 
2003  // Add a description of the contents of the status and error registers
2004  // if possible
2005  std::string st_er_desc = format_st_er_desc(&entry);
2006  if (!st_er_desc.empty())
2007  pout(" %s", st_er_desc.c_str());
2008  pout("\n\n");
2009 
2010  // Print command history
2011  pout(" Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:\n"
2012  " CR FEATR COUNT LBA_48 LH LM LL DV DC Powered_Up_Time Command/Feature_Name\n"
2013  " -- == -- == -- == == == -- -- -- -- -- --------------- --------------------\n");
2014  for (int ci = 4; ci >= 0; ci--) {
2015  const ata_smart_exterrlog_command & cmd = entry.commands[ci];
2016 
2017  // Skip unused entries
2018  if (!nonempty(&cmd, sizeof(cmd)))
2019  continue;
2020 
2021  // Print registers, timestamp and ATA command name
2022  pout(" %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %16s %s\n",
2023  cmd.command_register,
2025  cmd.features_register,
2026  cmd.count_register_hi,
2027  cmd.count_register,
2029  cmd.lba_mid_register_hi,
2030  cmd.lba_low_register_hi,
2031  cmd.lba_high_register,
2032  cmd.lba_mid_register,
2033  cmd.lba_low_register,
2034  cmd.device_register,
2036  format_milliseconds(cmd.timestamp).c_str(),
2038  }
2039  pout("\n");
2040  }
2041 
2042  print_on();
2044  pout("\n");
2045  print_off();
2046  return log->device_error_count;
2047 }
2048 
2049 // Print SMART Extended Self-test Log (GP Log 0x07)
2051  unsigned nsectors, unsigned max_entries)
2052 {
2053  pout("SMART Extended Self-test Log Version: %u (%u sectors)\n",
2054  log->version, nsectors);
2055 
2056  if (!log->log_desc_index){
2057  pout("No self-tests have been logged. [To run self-tests, use: smartctl -t]\n\n");
2058  return 0;
2059  }
2060 
2061  // Check index
2062  unsigned nentries = nsectors * 19;
2063  unsigned logidx = log->log_desc_index;
2064  if (logidx > nentries) {
2065  pout("Invalid Self-test Log index = 0x%04x (reserved = 0x%02x)\n", logidx, log->reserved1);
2066  return 0;
2067  }
2068 
2069  // Index base is not clearly specified by ATA8-ACS (T13/1699-D Revision 6a),
2070  // it is 1-based in practice.
2071  logidx--;
2072 
2073  bool print_header = true;
2074  int errcnt = 0, igncnt = 0;
2075  int ext_ok_testnum = -1;
2076 
2077  // Iterate through circular buffer in reverse direction
2078  for (unsigned i = 0, testnum = 1;
2079  i < nentries && testnum <= max_entries;
2080  i++, logidx = (logidx > 0 ? logidx - 1 : nentries - 1)) {
2081 
2082  const ata_smart_extselftestlog_desc & entry = log[logidx / 19].log_descs[logidx % 19];
2083 
2084  // Skip unused entries
2085  if (!nonempty(&entry, sizeof(entry)))
2086  continue;
2087 
2088  // Get LBA
2089  const unsigned char * b = entry.failing_lba;
2090  uint64_t lba48 = b[0]
2091  | ( b[1] << 8)
2092  | ( b[2] << 16)
2093  | ((uint64_t)b[3] << 24)
2094  | ((uint64_t)b[4] << 32)
2095  | ((uint64_t)b[5] << 40);
2096 
2097  // Print entry
2098  int state = ataPrintSmartSelfTestEntry(testnum, entry.self_test_type,
2099  entry.self_test_status, entry.timestamp, lba48,
2100  false /*!print_error_only*/, print_header);
2101 
2102  if (state < 0) {
2103  // Self-test showed an error
2104  if (ext_ok_testnum < 0)
2105  errcnt++;
2106  else
2107  // Newer successful extended self-test exits
2108  igncnt++;
2109  }
2110  else if (state > 0 && ext_ok_testnum < 0) {
2111  // Latest successful extended self-test
2112  ext_ok_testnum = testnum;
2113  }
2114  testnum++;
2115  }
2116 
2117  if (igncnt)
2118  pout("%d of %d failed self-tests are outdated by newer successful extended offline self-test #%2d\n",
2119  igncnt, igncnt+errcnt, ext_ok_testnum);
2120 
2121  pout("\n");
2122  return errcnt;
2123 }
2124 
2126 {
2127  int i,field1,field2;
2128  const char *msg;
2129  char tmp[64];
2130  uint64_t maxl=0,maxr=0;
2131  uint64_t current=log->currentlba;
2132  uint64_t currentend=current+65535;
2133 
2134  // print data structure revision number
2135  pout("SMART Selective self-test log data structure revision number %d\n",(int)log->logversion);
2136  if (1 != log->logversion)
2137  pout("Note: revision number not 1 implies that no selective self-test has ever been run\n");
2138 
2139  switch((sv->self_test_exec_status)>>4){
2140  case 0:msg="Completed";
2141  break;
2142  case 1:msg="Aborted_by_host";
2143  break;
2144  case 2:msg="Interrupted";
2145  break;
2146  case 3:msg="Fatal_error";
2147  break;
2148  case 4:msg="Completed_unknown_failure";
2149  break;
2150  case 5:msg="Completed_electrical_failure";
2151  break;
2152  case 6:msg="Completed_servo/seek_failure";
2153  break;
2154  case 7:msg="Completed_read_failure";
2155  break;
2156  case 8:msg="Completed_handling_damage??";
2157  break;
2158  case 15:msg="Self_test_in_progress";
2159  break;
2160  default:msg="Unknown_status ";
2161  break;
2162  }
2163 
2164  // find the number of columns needed for printing. If in use, the
2165  // start/end of span being read-scanned...
2166  if (log->currentspan>5) {
2167  maxl=current;
2168  maxr=currentend;
2169  }
2170  for (i=0; i<5; i++) {
2171  uint64_t start=log->span[i].start;
2172  uint64_t end =log->span[i].end;
2173  // ... plus max start/end of each of the five test spans.
2174  if (start>maxl)
2175  maxl=start;
2176  if (end > maxr)
2177  maxr=end;
2178  }
2179 
2180  // we need at least 7 characters wide fields to accomodate the
2181  // labels
2182  if ((field1=snprintf(tmp,64, "%" PRIu64, maxl))<7)
2183  field1=7;
2184  if ((field2=snprintf(tmp,64, "%" PRIu64, maxr))<7)
2185  field2=7;
2186 
2187  // now print the five test spans
2188  pout(" SPAN %*s %*s CURRENT_TEST_STATUS\n", field1, "MIN_LBA", field2, "MAX_LBA");
2189 
2190  for (i=0; i<5; i++) {
2191  uint64_t start=log->span[i].start;
2192  uint64_t end=log->span[i].end;
2193 
2194  if ((i+1)==(int)log->currentspan)
2195  // this span is currently under test
2196  pout(" %d %*" PRIu64 " %*" PRIu64 " %s [%01d0%% left] (%" PRIu64 "-%" PRIu64 ")\n",
2197  i+1, field1, start, field2, end, msg,
2198  (int)(sv->self_test_exec_status & 0xf), current, currentend);
2199  else
2200  // this span is not currently under test
2201  pout(" %d %*" PRIu64 " %*" PRIu64 " Not_testing\n",
2202  i+1, field1, start, field2, end);
2203  }
2204 
2205  // if we are currently read-scanning, print LBAs and the status of
2206  // the read scan
2207  if (log->currentspan>5)
2208  pout("%5d %*" PRIu64 " %*" PRIu64 " Read_scanning %s\n",
2209  (int)log->currentspan, field1, current, field2, currentend,
2211 
2212  /* Print selective self-test flags. Possible flag combinations are
2213  (numbering bits from 0-15):
2214  Bit-1 Bit-3 Bit-4
2215  Scan Pending Active
2216  0 * * Don't scan
2217  1 0 0 Will carry out scan after selective test
2218  1 1 0 Waiting to carry out scan after powerup
2219  1 0 1 Currently scanning
2220  1 1 1 Currently scanning
2221  */
2222 
2223  pout("Selective self-test flags (0x%x):\n", (unsigned int)log->flags);
2224  if (log->flags & SELECTIVE_FLAG_DOSCAN) {
2225  if (log->flags & SELECTIVE_FLAG_ACTIVE)
2226  pout(" Currently read-scanning the remainder of the disk.\n");
2227  else if (log->flags & SELECTIVE_FLAG_PENDING)
2228  pout(" Read-scan of remainder of disk interrupted; will resume %d min after power-up.\n",
2229  (int)log->pendingtime);
2230  else
2231  pout(" After scanning selected spans, read-scan remainder of disk.\n");
2232  }
2233  else
2234  pout(" After scanning selected spans, do NOT read-scan remainder of disk.\n");
2235 
2236  // print pending time
2237  pout("If Selective self-test is pending on power-up, resume after %d minute delay.\n",
2238  (int)log->pendingtime);
2239 
2240  return;
2241 }
2242 
2243 // Format SCT Temperature value
2244 static const char * sct_ptemp(signed char x, char (& buf)[20])
2245 {
2246  if (x == -128 /*0x80 = unknown*/)
2247  return " ?";
2248  snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%2d", x);
2249  return buf;
2250 }
2251 
2252 static const char * sct_pbar(int x, char (& buf)[64])
2253 {
2254  if (x <= 19)
2255  x = 0;
2256  else
2257  x -= 19;
2258  bool ov = false;
2259  if (x > 40) {
2260  x = 40; ov = true;
2261  }
2262  if (x > 0) {
2263  memset(buf, '*', x);
2264  if (ov)
2265  buf[x-1] = '+';
2266  buf[x] = 0;
2267  }
2268  else {
2269  buf[0] = '-'; buf[1] = 0;
2270  }
2271  return buf;
2272 }
2273 
2274 static const char * sct_device_state_msg(unsigned char state)
2275 {
2276  switch (state) {
2277  case 0: return "Active";
2278  case 1: return "Stand-by";
2279  case 2: return "Sleep";
2280  case 3: return "DST executing in background";
2281  case 4: return "SMART Off-line Data Collection executing in background";
2282  case 5: return "SCT command executing in background";
2283  default:return "Unknown";
2284  }
2285 }
2286 
2287 // Print SCT Status
2289 {
2290  pout("SCT Status Version: %u\n", sts->format_version);
2291  pout("SCT Version (vendor specific): %u (0x%04x)\n", sts->sct_version, sts->sct_version);
2292  pout("SCT Support Level: %u\n", sts->sct_spec);
2293  pout("Device State: %s (%u)\n",
2295  char buf1[20], buf2[20];
2296  if ( !sts->min_temp && !sts->life_min_temp
2297  && !sts->under_limit_count && !sts->over_limit_count) {
2298  // "Reserved" fields not set, assume "old" format version 2
2299  // Table 11 of T13/1701DT-N (SMART Command Transport) Revision 5, February 2005
2300  // Table 54 of T13/1699-D (ATA8-ACS) Revision 3e, July 2006
2301  pout("Current Temperature: %s Celsius\n",
2302  sct_ptemp(sts->hda_temp, buf1));
2303  pout("Power Cycle Max Temperature: %s Celsius\n",
2304  sct_ptemp(sts->max_temp, buf2));
2305  pout("Lifetime Max Temperature: %s Celsius\n",
2306  sct_ptemp(sts->life_max_temp, buf2));
2307  }
2308  else {
2309  // Assume "new" format version 2 or version 3
2310  // T13/e06152r0-3 (Additional SCT Temperature Statistics), August - October 2006
2311  // Table 60 of T13/1699-D (ATA8-ACS) Revision 3f, December 2006 (format version 2)
2312  // Table 80 of T13/1699-D (ATA8-ACS) Revision 6a, September 2008 (format version 3)
2313  // Table 182 of T13/BSR INCITS 529 (ACS-4) Revision 02a, May 22, 2014 (smart_status field)
2314  pout("Current Temperature: %s Celsius\n",
2315  sct_ptemp(sts->hda_temp, buf1));
2316  pout("Power Cycle Min/Max Temperature: %s/%s Celsius\n",
2317  sct_ptemp(sts->min_temp, buf1), sct_ptemp(sts->max_temp, buf2));
2318  pout("Lifetime Min/Max Temperature: %s/%s Celsius\n",
2319  sct_ptemp(sts->life_min_temp, buf1), sct_ptemp(sts->life_max_temp, buf2));
2320  signed char avg = sts->byte205; // Average Temperature from e06152r0-2, removed in e06152r3
2321  if (0 < avg && sts->life_min_temp <= avg && avg <= sts->life_max_temp)
2322  pout("Lifetime Average Temperature: %2d Celsius\n", avg);
2323  pout("Under/Over Temperature Limit Count: %2u/%u\n",
2324  sts->under_limit_count, sts->over_limit_count);
2325 
2326  if (sts->smart_status) // ACS-4
2327  pout("SMART Status: 0x%04x (%s)\n", sts->smart_status,
2328  (sts->smart_status == 0x2cf4 ? "FAILED" :
2329  sts->smart_status == 0xc24f ? "PASSED" : "Reserved"));
2330 
2331  if (nonempty(sts->vendor_specific, sizeof(sts->vendor_specific))) {
2332  pout("Vendor specific:\n");
2333  for (unsigned i = 0; i < sizeof(sts->vendor_specific); i++)
2334  pout("%02x%c", sts->vendor_specific[i], ((i & 0xf) != 0xf ? ' ' : '\n'));
2335  }
2336  }
2337  return 0;
2338 }
2339 
2340 // Print SCT Temperature History Table
2342 {
2343  char buf1[20], buf2[20], buf3[64];
2344  pout("SCT Temperature History Version: %u%s\n", tmh->format_version,
2345  (tmh->format_version != 2 ? " (Unknown, should be 2)" : ""));
2346  pout("Temperature Sampling Period: %u minute%s\n",
2347  tmh->sampling_period, (tmh->sampling_period==1?"":"s"));
2348  pout("Temperature Logging Interval: %u minute%s\n",
2349  tmh->interval, (tmh->interval==1?"":"s"));
2350  pout("Min/Max recommended Temperature: %s/%s Celsius\n",
2351  sct_ptemp(tmh->min_op_limit, buf1), sct_ptemp(tmh->max_op_limit, buf2));
2352  pout("Min/Max Temperature Limit: %s/%s Celsius\n",
2353  sct_ptemp(tmh->under_limit, buf1), sct_ptemp(tmh->over_limit, buf2));
2354  pout("Temperature History Size (Index): %u (%u)\n", tmh->cb_size, tmh->cb_index);
2355 
2356  if (!(0 < tmh->cb_size && tmh->cb_size <= sizeof(tmh->cb) && tmh->cb_index < tmh->cb_size)) {
2357  if (!tmh->cb_size)
2358  pout("Temperature History is empty\n");
2359  else
2360  pout("Invalid Temperature History Size or Index\n");
2361  return 0;
2362  }
2363 
2364  // Print table
2365  pout("\nIndex Estimated Time Temperature Celsius\n");
2366  unsigned n = 0, i = (tmh->cb_index+1) % tmh->cb_size;
2367  unsigned interval = (tmh->interval > 0 ? tmh->interval : 1);
2368  time_t t = time(0) - (tmh->cb_size-1) * interval * 60;
2369  t -= t % (interval * 60);
2370  while (n < tmh->cb_size) {
2371  // Find range of identical temperatures
2372  unsigned n1 = n, n2 = n+1, i2 = (i+1) % tmh->cb_size;
2373  while (n2 < tmh->cb_size && tmh->cb[i2] == tmh->cb[i]) {
2374  n2++; i2 = (i2+1) % tmh->cb_size;
2375  }
2376  // Print range
2377  while (n < n2) {
2378  if (n == n1 || n == n2-1 || n2 <= n1+3) {
2379  char date[30];
2380  // TODO: Don't print times < boot time
2381  strftime(date, sizeof(date), "%Y-%m-%d %H:%M", localtime(&t));
2382  pout(" %3u %s %s %s\n", i, date,
2383  sct_ptemp(tmh->cb[i], buf1), sct_pbar(tmh->cb[i], buf3));
2384  }
2385  else if (n == n1+1) {
2386  pout(" ... ..(%3u skipped). .. %s\n",
2387  n2-n1-2, sct_pbar(tmh->cb[i], buf3));
2388  }
2389  t += interval * 60; i = (i+1) % tmh->cb_size; n++;
2390  }
2391  }
2392  //assert(n == tmh->cb_size && i == (tmh->cb_index+1) % tmh->cb_size);
2393 
2394  return 0;
2395 }
2396 
2397 // Print SCT Error Recovery Control timers
2398 static void ataPrintSCTErrorRecoveryControl(bool set, unsigned short read_timer, unsigned short write_timer)
2399 {
2400  pout("SCT Error Recovery Control%s:\n", (set ? " set to" : ""));
2401  if (!read_timer)
2402  pout(" Read: Disabled\n");
2403  else
2404  pout(" Read: %6d (%0.1f seconds)\n", read_timer, read_timer/10.0);
2405  if (!write_timer)
2406  pout(" Write: Disabled\n");
2407  else
2408  pout(" Write: %6d (%0.1f seconds)\n", write_timer, write_timer/10.0);
2409 }
2410 
2411 static void print_aam_level(const char * msg, int level, int recommended = -1)
2412 {
2413  // Table 56 of T13/1699-D (ATA8-ACS) Revision 6a, September 6, 2008
2414  // Obsolete since T13/2015-D (ACS-2) Revision 4a, December 9, 2010
2415  const char * s;
2416  if (level == 0)
2417  s = "vendor specific";
2418  else if (level < 128)
2419  s = "unknown/retired";
2420  else if (level == 128)
2421  s = "quiet";
2422  else if (level < 254)
2423  s = "intermediate";
2424  else if (level == 254)
2425  s = "maximum performance";
2426  else
2427  s = "reserved";
2428 
2429  if (recommended >= 0)
2430  pout("%s%d (%s), recommended: %d\n", msg, level, s, recommended);
2431  else
2432  pout("%s%d (%s)\n", msg, level, s);
2433 }
2434 
2435 static void print_apm_level(const char * msg, int level)
2436 {
2437  // Table 120 of T13/2015-D (ACS-2) Revision 7, June 22, 2011
2438  const char * s;
2439  if (!(1 <= level && level <= 254))
2440  s = "reserved";
2441  else if (level == 1)
2442  s = "minimum power consumption with standby";
2443  else if (level < 128)
2444  s = "intermediate level with standby";
2445  else if (level == 128)
2446  s = "minimum power consumption without standby";
2447  else if (level < 254)
2448  s = "intermediate level without standby";
2449  else
2450  s = "maximum performance";
2451 
2452  pout("%s%d (%s)\n", msg, level, s);
2453 }
2454 
2455 static void print_ata_security_status(const char * msg, unsigned short state)
2456 {
2457  const char * s1, * s2 = "", * s3 = "", * s4 = "";
2458 
2459  // Table 6 of T13/2015-D (ACS-2) Revision 7, June 22, 2011
2460  if (!(state & 0x0001))
2461  s1 = "Unavailable";
2462  else if (!(state & 0x0002)) {
2463  s1 = "Disabled, ";
2464  if (!(state & 0x0008))
2465  s2 = "NOT FROZEN [SEC1]";
2466  else
2467  s2 = "frozen [SEC2]";
2468  }
2469  else {
2470  s1 = "ENABLED, PW level ";
2471  if (!(state & 0x0020))
2472  s2 = "HIGH";
2473  else
2474  s2 = "MAX";
2475 
2476  if (!(state & 0x0004)) {
2477  s3 = ", not locked, ";
2478  if (!(state & 0x0008))
2479  s4 = "not frozen [SEC5]";
2480  else
2481  s4 = "frozen [SEC6]";
2482  }
2483  else {
2484  s3 = ", **LOCKED** [SEC4]";
2485  if (state & 0x0010)
2486  s4 = ", PW ATTEMPTS EXCEEDED";
2487  }
2488  }
2489 
2490  pout("%s%s%s%s%s\n", msg, s1, s2, s3, s4);
2491 }
2492 
2493 static void print_standby_timer(const char * msg, int timer, const ata_identify_device & drive)
2494 {
2495  const char * s1 = 0;
2496  int hours = 0, minutes = 0 , seconds = 0;
2497 
2498  // Table 63 of T13/2015-D (ACS-2) Revision 7, June 22, 2011
2499  if (timer == 0)
2500  s1 = "disabled";
2501  else if (timer <= 240)
2502  seconds = timer * 5, minutes = seconds / 60, seconds %= 60;
2503  else if (timer <= 251)
2504  minutes = (timer - 240) * 30, hours = minutes / 60, minutes %= 60;
2505  else if (timer == 252)
2506  minutes = 21;
2507  else if (timer == 253)
2508  s1 = "between 8 hours and 12 hours";
2509  else if (timer == 255)
2510  minutes = 21, seconds = 15;
2511  else
2512  s1 = "reserved";
2513 
2514  const char * s2 = "", * s3 = "";
2515  if (!(drive.words047_079[49-47] & 0x2000))
2516  s2 = " or vendor-specific";
2517  if (timer > 0 && (drive.words047_079[50-47] & 0xc001) == 0x4001)
2518  s3 = ", a vendor-specific minimum applies";
2519 
2520  if (s1)
2521  pout("%s%d (%s%s%s)\n", msg, timer, s1, s2, s3);
2522  else
2523  pout("%s%d (%02d:%02d:%02d%s%s)\n", msg, timer, hours, minutes, seconds, s2, s3);
2524 }
2525 
2526 
2527 int ataPrintMain (ata_device * device, const ata_print_options & options)
2528 {
2529  // If requested, check power mode first
2530  const char * powername = 0;
2531  bool powerchg = false;
2532  if (options.powermode) {
2533  unsigned char powerlimit = 0xff;
2534  int powermode = ataCheckPowerMode(device);
2535  // TODO: Move to new function used by smartctl and smartd.
2536  switch (powermode) {
2537  case -1:
2538  if (device->is_syscall_unsup()) {
2539  pout("CHECK POWER MODE not implemented, ignoring -n option\n"); break;
2540  }
2541  powername = "SLEEP"; powerlimit = 2;
2542  break;
2543  // Table 215 of T13/2015-D (ACS-2) Revision 7, June 22, 2011
2544  // Table 293 of T13/BSR INCITS 529 (ACS-4) Revision 12, February 18, 2016
2545  case 0x00: // PM2:Standby, EPC unavailable or Standby_z power condition
2546  powername = "STANDBY"; powerlimit = 3; break;
2547  case 0x01: // PM2:Standby, Standby_y power condition
2548  powername = "STANDBY_Y"; powerlimit = 3; break;
2549  case 0x80: // PM1:Idle, EPC unavailable
2550  powername = "IDLE"; powerlimit = 4; break;
2551  case 0x81: // PM1:Idle, Idle_a power condition
2552  powername = "IDLE_A"; powerlimit = 4; break;
2553  case 0x82: // PM1:Idle, Idle_b power condition
2554  powername = "IDLE_B"; powerlimit = 4; break;
2555  case 0x83: // PM1:Idle, Idle_c power condition
2556  powername = "IDLE_C"; powerlimit = 4; break;
2557  // 0x40/41 were declared obsolete in ACS-3 Revision 1
2558  case 0x40: // PM0:Active, NV Cache power mode enabled, spun down
2559  powername = "ACTIVE_NV_DOWN"; break;
2560  case 0x41: // PM0:Active, NV Cache power mode enabled, spun up
2561  powername = "ACTIVE_NV_UP" ; break;
2562  case 0xff: // PM0:Active or PM1:Idle
2563  powername = "ACTIVE or IDLE"; break;
2564 
2565  default:
2566  pout("CHECK POWER MODE returned unknown value 0x%02x, ignoring -n option\n", powermode);
2567  break;
2568  }
2569  if (powername) {
2570  if (options.powermode >= powerlimit) {
2571  pout("Device is in %s mode, exit(%d)\n", powername, FAILPOWER);
2572  return FAILPOWER;
2573  }
2574  powerchg = (powermode != 0xff); // SMART tests will spin up drives
2575  }
2576  }
2577 
2578  // SMART values needed ?
2579  bool need_smart_val = (
2580  options.smart_check_status
2581  || options.smart_general_values
2582  || options.smart_vendor_attrib
2583  || options.smart_error_log
2584  || options.smart_selftest_log
2585  || options.smart_selective_selftest_log
2586  || options.smart_ext_error_log
2587  || options.smart_ext_selftest_log
2588  || options.smart_auto_offl_enable
2589  || options.smart_auto_offl_disable
2590  || options.smart_selftest_type != -1
2591  );
2592 
2593  // SMART must be enabled ?
2594  bool need_smart_enabled = (
2595  need_smart_val
2596  || options.smart_auto_save_enable
2597  || options.smart_auto_save_disable
2598  );
2599 
2600  // SMART feature set needed ?
2601  bool need_smart_support = (
2602  need_smart_enabled
2603  || options.smart_enable
2604  || options.smart_disable
2605  );
2606 
2607  // SMART and GP log directories needed ?
2608  bool need_smart_logdir = (
2609  options.smart_logdir
2610  || options.devstat_all_pages // devstat fallback to smartlog if needed
2611  || options.devstat_ssd_page
2612  || !options.devstat_pages.empty()
2613  );
2614 
2615  bool need_gp_logdir = (
2616  options.gp_logdir
2617  || options.smart_ext_error_log
2618  || options.smart_ext_selftest_log
2619  || options.devstat_all_pages
2620  || options.devstat_ssd_page
2621  || !options.devstat_pages.empty()
2622  );
2623 
2624  unsigned i;
2625  for (i = 0; i < options.log_requests.size(); i++) {
2626  if (options.log_requests[i].gpl)
2627  need_gp_logdir = true;
2628  else
2629  need_smart_logdir = true;
2630  }
2631 
2632  // SCT commands needed ?
2633  bool need_sct_support = (
2634  options.sct_temp_sts
2635  || options.sct_temp_hist
2636  || options.sct_temp_int
2637  || options.sct_erc_get
2638  || options.sct_erc_set
2639  || options.sct_wcache_reorder_get
2640  || options.sct_wcache_reorder_set
2641  );
2642 
2643  // Exit if no further options specified
2644  if (!( options.drive_info || options.show_presets
2645  || need_smart_support || need_smart_logdir
2646  || need_gp_logdir || need_sct_support
2647  || options.sataphy
2648  || options.identify_word_level >= 0
2649  || options.get_set_used )) {
2650  if (powername)
2651  pout("Device is in %s mode\n", powername);
2652  else
2653  pout("ATA device successfully opened\n\n"
2654  "Use 'smartctl -a' (or '-x') to print SMART (and more) information\n\n");
2655  return 0;
2656  }
2657 
2658  // Start by getting Drive ID information. We need this, to know if SMART is supported.
2659  int returnval = 0;
2660  ata_identify_device drive; memset(&drive, 0, sizeof(drive));
2661  unsigned char raw_drive[sizeof(drive)]; memset(&raw_drive, 0, sizeof(raw_drive));
2662 
2663  device->clear_err();
2664  int retid = ata_read_identity(device, &drive, options.fix_swapped_id, raw_drive);
2665  if (retid < 0) {
2666  pout("Read Device Identity failed: %s\n\n",
2667  (device->get_errno() ? device->get_errmsg() : "Unknown error"));
2668  failuretest(MANDATORY_CMD, returnval|=FAILID);
2669  }
2670  else if (!nonempty(&drive, sizeof(drive))) {
2671  pout("Read Device Identity failed: empty IDENTIFY data\n\n");
2672  failuretest(MANDATORY_CMD, returnval|=FAILID);
2673  }
2674 
2675  // If requested, show which presets would be used for this drive and exit.
2676  if (options.show_presets) {
2677  show_presets(&drive);
2678  return 0;
2679  }
2680 
2681  // Use preset vendor attribute options unless user has requested otherwise.
2682  ata_vendor_attr_defs attribute_defs = options.attribute_defs;
2683  firmwarebug_defs firmwarebugs = options.firmwarebugs;
2684  const drive_settings * dbentry = 0;
2685  if (!options.ignore_presets)
2686  dbentry = lookup_drive_apply_presets(&drive, attribute_defs,
2687  firmwarebugs);
2688 
2689  // Get capacity, sector sizes and rotation rate
2690  ata_size_info sizes;
2691  ata_get_size_info(&drive, sizes);
2692  int rpm = ata_get_rotation_rate(&drive);
2693 
2694  // Print ATA IDENTIFY info if requested
2695  if (options.identify_word_level >= 0) {
2696  pout("=== ATA IDENTIFY DATA ===\n");
2697  // Pass raw data without endianness adjustments
2698  ata_print_identify_data(raw_drive, (options.identify_word_level > 0), options.identify_bit_level);
2699  }
2700 
2701  // Print most drive identity information if requested
2702  if (options.drive_info) {
2703  pout("=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===\n");
2704  print_drive_info(&drive, sizes, rpm, dbentry);
2705  }
2706 
2707  // Check and print SMART support and state
2708  int smart_supported = -1, smart_enabled = -1;
2709  if (need_smart_support || options.drive_info) {
2710 
2711  // Packet device ?
2712  if (retid > 0) {
2713  pout("SMART support is: Unavailable - Packet Interface Devices [this device: %s] don't support ATA SMART\n",
2714  packetdevicetype(retid-1));
2715  }
2716  else {
2717  // Disk device: SMART supported and enabled ?
2718  smart_supported = ataSmartSupport(&drive);
2719  smart_enabled = ataIsSmartEnabled(&drive);
2720 
2721  if (smart_supported < 0)
2722  pout("SMART support is: Ambiguous - ATA IDENTIFY DEVICE words 82-83 don't show if SMART supported.\n");
2723  if (smart_supported && smart_enabled < 0) {
2724  pout("SMART support is: Ambiguous - ATA IDENTIFY DEVICE words 85-87 don't show if SMART is enabled.\n");
2725  if (need_smart_support) {
2726  failuretest(MANDATORY_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
2727  // check SMART support by trying a command
2728  pout(" Checking to be sure by trying SMART RETURN STATUS command.\n");
2729  if (ataDoesSmartWork(device))
2730  smart_supported = smart_enabled = 1;
2731  }
2732  }
2733  else if (smart_supported < 0 && (smart_enabled > 0 || dbentry))
2734  // Assume supported if enabled or in drive database
2735  smart_supported = 1;
2736 
2737  if (smart_supported < 0)
2738  pout("SMART support is: Unknown - Try option -s with argument 'on' to enable it.");
2739  else if (!smart_supported)
2740  pout("SMART support is: Unavailable - device lacks SMART capability.\n");
2741  else {
2742  if (options.drive_info)
2743  pout("SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.\n");
2744  if (smart_enabled >= 0) {
2745  if (device->ata_identify_is_cached()) {
2746  if (options.drive_info)
2747  pout(" %sabled status cached by OS, trying SMART RETURN STATUS cmd.\n",
2748  (smart_enabled?"En":"Dis"));
2749  smart_enabled = ataDoesSmartWork(device);
2750  }
2751  if (options.drive_info)
2752  pout("SMART support is: %s\n",
2753  (smart_enabled ? "Enabled" : "Disabled"));
2754  }
2755  }
2756  }
2757  }
2758 
2759  // Print AAM status
2760  if (options.get_aam) {
2761  if ((drive.command_set_2 & 0xc200) != 0x4200) // word083
2762  pout("AAM feature is: Unavailable\n");
2763  else if (!(drive.word086 & 0x0200))
2764  pout("AAM feature is: Disabled\n");
2765  else
2766  print_aam_level("AAM level is: ", drive.words088_255[94-88] & 0xff,
2767  drive.words088_255[94-88] >> 8);
2768  }
2769 
2770  // Print APM status
2771  if (options.get_apm) {
2772  if ((drive.command_set_2 & 0xc008) != 0x4008) // word083
2773  pout("APM feature is: Unavailable\n");
2774  else if (!(drive.word086 & 0x0008))
2775  pout("APM feature is: Disabled\n");
2776  else
2777  print_apm_level("APM level is: ", drive.words088_255[91-88] & 0xff);
2778  }
2779 
2780  // Print read look-ahead status
2781  if (options.get_lookahead) {
2782  pout("Rd look-ahead is: %s\n",
2783  ( (drive.command_set_2 & 0xc000) != 0x4000 // word083
2784  || !(drive.command_set_1 & 0x0040)) ? "Unavailable" : // word082
2785  !(drive.cfs_enable_1 & 0x0040) ? "Disabled" : "Enabled"); // word085
2786  }
2787 
2788  // Print write cache status
2789  if (options.get_wcache) {
2790  pout("Write cache is: %s\n",
2791  ( (drive.command_set_2 & 0xc000) != 0x4000 // word083
2792  || !(drive.command_set_1 & 0x0020)) ? "Unavailable" : // word082
2793  !(drive.cfs_enable_1 & 0x0020) ? "Disabled" : "Enabled"); // word085
2794  }
2795 
2796  // Check for ATA Security LOCK
2797  unsigned short word128 = drive.words088_255[128-88];
2798  bool locked = ((word128 & 0x0007) == 0x0007); // LOCKED|ENABLED|SUPPORTED
2799 
2800  // Print ATA Security status
2801  if (options.get_security)
2802  print_ata_security_status("ATA Security is: ", word128);
2803 
2804  // Print write cache reordering status
2805  if (options.sct_wcache_reorder_get) {
2806  if (!isSCTFeatureControlCapable(&drive))
2807  pout("Wt Cache Reorder: Unavailable\n");
2808  else if (locked)
2809  pout("Wt Cache Reorder: Unknown (SCT not supported if ATA Security is LOCKED)\n");
2810  else {
2811  int wcache_reorder = ataGetSetSCTWriteCacheReordering(device,
2812  false /*enable*/, false /*persistent*/, false /*set*/);
2813 
2814  if (-1 <= wcache_reorder && wcache_reorder <= 2)
2815  pout("Wt Cache Reorder: %s\n",
2816  (wcache_reorder == -1 ? "Unknown (SCT Feature Control command failed)" :
2817  wcache_reorder == 0 ? "Unknown" : // not defined in standard but returned on some drives if not set
2818  wcache_reorder == 1 ? "Enabled" : "Disabled"));
2819  else
2820  pout("Wt Cache Reorder: Unknown (0x%02x)\n", wcache_reorder);
2821  }
2822  }
2823 
2824  // Print remaining drive info
2825  if (options.drive_info) {
2826  // Print the (now possibly changed) power mode if available
2827  if (powername)
2828  pout("Power mode %s %s\n", (powerchg?"was:":"is: "), powername);
2829  pout("\n");
2830  }
2831 
2832  // Exit if SMART is not supported but must be available to proceed
2833  if (smart_supported <= 0 && need_smart_support)
2834  failuretest(MANDATORY_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
2835 
2836  // START OF THE ENABLE/DISABLE SECTION OF THE CODE
2837  if ( options.smart_disable || options.smart_enable
2838  || options.smart_auto_save_disable || options.smart_auto_save_enable
2839  || options.smart_auto_offl_disable || options.smart_auto_offl_enable
2840  || options.set_aam || options.set_apm || options.set_lookahead
2841  || options.set_wcache || options.set_security_freeze || options.set_standby
2842  || options.sct_wcache_reorder_set)
2843  pout("=== START OF ENABLE/DISABLE COMMANDS SECTION ===\n");
2844 
2845  // Enable/Disable AAM
2846  if (options.set_aam) {
2847  if (options.set_aam > 0) {
2848  if (!ata_set_features(device, ATA_ENABLE_AAM, options.set_aam-1)) {
2849  pout("AAM enable failed: %s\n", device->get_errmsg());
2850  returnval |= FAILSMART;
2851  }
2852  else
2853  print_aam_level("AAM set to level ", options.set_aam-1);
2854  }
2855  else {
2856  if (!ata_set_features(device, ATA_DISABLE_AAM)) {
2857  pout("AAM disable failed: %s\n", device->get_errmsg());
2858  returnval |= FAILSMART;
2859  }
2860  else
2861  pout("AAM disabled\n");
2862  }
2863  }
2864 
2865  // Enable/Disable APM
2866  if (options.set_apm) {
2867  if (options.set_apm > 0) {
2868  if (!ata_set_features(device, ATA_ENABLE_APM, options.set_apm-1)) {
2869  pout("APM enable failed: %s\n", device->get_errmsg());
2870  returnval |= FAILSMART;
2871  }
2872  else
2873  print_apm_level("APM set to level ", options.set_apm-1);
2874  }
2875  else {
2876  if (!ata_set_features(device, ATA_DISABLE_APM)) {
2877  pout("APM disable failed: %s\n", device->get_errmsg());
2878  returnval |= FAILSMART;
2879  }
2880  else
2881  pout("APM disabled\n");
2882  }
2883  }
2884 
2885  // Enable/Disable read look-ahead
2886  if (options.set_lookahead) {
2887  bool enable = (options.set_lookahead > 0);
2889  pout("Read look-ahead %sable failed: %s\n", (enable ? "en" : "dis"), device->get_errmsg());
2890  returnval |= FAILSMART;
2891  }
2892  else
2893  pout("Read look-ahead %sabled\n", (enable ? "en" : "dis"));
2894  }
2895 
2896  // Enable/Disable write cache
2897  if (options.set_wcache) {
2898  bool enable = (options.set_wcache > 0);
2900  pout("Write cache %sable failed: %s\n", (enable ? "en" : "dis"), device->get_errmsg());
2901  returnval |= FAILSMART;
2902  }
2903  else
2904  pout("Write cache %sabled\n", (enable ? "en" : "dis"));
2905  }
2906 
2907  // Enable/Disable write cache reordering
2908  if (options.sct_wcache_reorder_set) {
2909  bool enable = (options.sct_wcache_reorder_set > 0);
2910  if (!isSCTFeatureControlCapable(&drive))
2911  pout("Write cache reordering %sable failed: SCT Feature Control command not supported\n",
2912  (enable ? "en" : "dis"));
2913  else if (locked)
2914  pout("Write cache reordering %sable failed: SCT not supported if ATA Security is LOCKED\n",
2915  (enable ? "en" : "dis"));
2916  else if (ataGetSetSCTWriteCacheReordering(device,
2917  enable, false /*persistent*/, true /*set*/) < 0) {
2918  pout("Write cache reordering %sable failed: %s\n", (enable ? "en" : "dis"), device->get_errmsg());
2919  returnval |= FAILSMART;
2920  }
2921  else
2922  pout("Write cache reordering %sabled\n", (enable ? "en" : "dis"));
2923  }
2924 
2925  // Freeze ATA security
2926  if (options.set_security_freeze) {
2928  pout("ATA SECURITY FREEZE LOCK failed: %s\n", device->get_errmsg());
2929  returnval |= FAILSMART;
2930  }
2931  else
2932  pout("ATA Security set to frozen mode\n");
2933  }
2934 
2935  // Set standby timer
2936  if (options.set_standby) {
2937  if (!ata_nodata_command(device, ATA_IDLE, options.set_standby-1)) {
2938  pout("ATA IDLE command failed: %s\n", device->get_errmsg());
2939  returnval |= FAILSMART;
2940  }
2941  else
2942  print_standby_timer("Standby timer set to ", options.set_standby-1, drive);
2943  }
2944 
2945  // Enable/Disable SMART commands
2946  if (options.smart_enable) {
2947  if (ataEnableSmart(device)) {
2948  pout("SMART Enable failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
2949  failuretest(MANDATORY_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
2950  }
2951  else {
2952  pout("SMART Enabled.\n");
2953  smart_enabled = 1;
2954  }
2955  }
2956 
2957  // Turn off SMART on device
2958  if (options.smart_disable) {
2959  if (ataDisableSmart(device)) {
2960  pout("SMART Disable failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
2961  failuretest(MANDATORY_CMD,returnval|=FAILSMART);
2962  }
2963  }
2964 
2965  // Exit if SMART is disabled but must be enabled to proceed
2966  if (options.smart_disable || (smart_enabled <= 0 && need_smart_enabled && !is_permissive())) {
2967  pout("SMART Disabled. Use option -s with argument 'on' to enable it.\n");
2968  if (!options.smart_disable)
2969  pout("(override with '-T permissive' option)\n");
2970  return returnval;
2971  }
2972 
2973  // Enable/Disable Auto-save attributes
2974  if (options.smart_auto_save_enable) {
2975  if (ataEnableAutoSave(device)){
2976  pout("SMART Enable Attribute Autosave failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
2977  failuretest(MANDATORY_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
2978  }
2979  else
2980  pout("SMART Attribute Autosave Enabled.\n");
2981  }
2982 
2983  if (options.smart_auto_save_disable) {
2984  if (ataDisableAutoSave(device)){
2985  pout("SMART Disable Attribute Autosave failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
2986  failuretest(MANDATORY_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
2987  }
2988  else
2989  pout("SMART Attribute Autosave Disabled.\n");
2990  }
2991 
2992  // Read SMART values and thresholds if necessary
2993  ata_smart_values smartval; memset(&smartval, 0, sizeof(smartval));
2994  ata_smart_thresholds_pvt smartthres; memset(&smartthres, 0, sizeof(smartthres));
2995  bool smart_val_ok = false, smart_thres_ok = false;
2996 
2997  if (need_smart_val) {
2998  if (ataReadSmartValues(device, &smartval)) {
2999  pout("Read SMART Data failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
3000  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3001  }
3002  else {
3003  smart_val_ok = true;
3004 
3005  if (options.smart_check_status || options.smart_vendor_attrib) {
3006  if (ataReadSmartThresholds(device, &smartthres)){
3007  pout("Read SMART Thresholds failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
3008  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3009  }
3010  else
3011  smart_thres_ok = true;
3012  }
3013  }
3014  }
3015 
3016  // Enable/Disable Off-line testing
3017  bool needupdate = false;
3018  if (options.smart_auto_offl_enable) {
3019  if (!isSupportAutomaticTimer(&smartval)){
3020  pout("SMART Automatic Timers not supported\n\n");
3021  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3022  }
3023  needupdate = smart_val_ok;
3024  if (ataEnableAutoOffline(device)){
3025  pout("SMART Enable Automatic Offline failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
3026  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3027  }
3028  else
3029  pout("SMART Automatic Offline Testing Enabled every four hours.\n");
3030  }
3031 
3032  if (options.smart_auto_offl_disable) {
3033  if (!isSupportAutomaticTimer(&smartval)){
3034  pout("SMART Automatic Timers not supported\n\n");
3035  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3036  }
3037  needupdate = smart_val_ok;
3038  if (ataDisableAutoOffline(device)){
3039  pout("SMART Disable Automatic Offline failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
3040  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3041  }
3042  else
3043  pout("SMART Automatic Offline Testing Disabled.\n");
3044  }
3045 
3046  if (needupdate && ataReadSmartValues(device, &smartval)){
3047  pout("Read SMART Data failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
3048  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3049  smart_val_ok = false;
3050  }
3051 
3052  // all this for a newline!
3053  if ( options.smart_disable || options.smart_enable
3054  || options.smart_auto_save_disable || options.smart_auto_save_enable
3055  || options.smart_auto_offl_disable || options.smart_auto_offl_enable
3056  || options.set_aam || options.set_apm || options.set_lookahead
3057  || options.set_wcache || options.set_security_freeze || options.set_standby
3058  || options.sct_wcache_reorder_set)
3059  pout("\n");
3060 
3061  // START OF READ-ONLY OPTIONS APART FROM -V and -i
3062  if ( options.smart_check_status || options.smart_general_values
3063  || options.smart_vendor_attrib || options.smart_error_log
3064  || options.smart_selftest_log || options.smart_selective_selftest_log
3065  || options.smart_ext_error_log || options.smart_ext_selftest_log
3066  || options.sct_temp_sts || options.sct_temp_hist )
3067  pout("=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===\n");
3068 
3069  // Check SMART status
3070  if (options.smart_check_status) {
3071 
3072  switch (ataSmartStatus2(device)) {
3073 
3074  case 0:
3075  // The case where the disk health is OK
3076  pout("SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED\n");
3077  if (smart_thres_ok && find_failed_attr(&smartval, &smartthres, attribute_defs, 0)) {
3078  if (options.smart_vendor_attrib)
3079  pout("See vendor-specific Attribute list for marginal Attributes.\n\n");
3080  else {
3081  print_on();
3082  pout("Please note the following marginal Attributes:\n");
3083  PrintSmartAttribWithThres(&smartval, &smartthres, attribute_defs, rpm, 2, options.output_format);
3084  }
3085  returnval|=FAILAGE;
3086  }
3087  else
3088  pout("\n");
3089  break;
3090 
3091  case 1:
3092  // The case where the disk health is NOT OK
3093  print_on();
3094  pout("SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: FAILED!\n"
3095  "Drive failure expected in less than 24 hours. SAVE ALL DATA.\n");
3096  print_off();
3097  if (smart_thres_ok && find_failed_attr(&smartval, &smartthres, attribute_defs, 1)) {
3098  returnval|=FAILATTR;
3099  if (options.smart_vendor_attrib)
3100  pout("See vendor-specific Attribute list for failed Attributes.\n\n");
3101  else {
3102  print_on();
3103  pout("Failed Attributes:\n");
3104  PrintSmartAttribWithThres(&smartval, &smartthres, attribute_defs, rpm, 1, options.output_format);
3105  }
3106  }
3107  else
3108  pout("No failed Attributes found.\n\n");
3109  returnval|=FAILSTATUS;
3110  print_off();
3111  break;
3112 
3113  case -1:
3114  default:
3115  // Something went wrong with the SMART STATUS command.
3116  // The ATA SMART RETURN STATUS command provides the result in the ATA output
3117  // registers. Buggy ATA/SATA drivers and SAT Layers often do not properly
3118  // return the registers values.
3119  pout("SMART Status %s: %s\n",
3120  (device->is_syscall_unsup() ? "not supported" : "command failed"),
3121  device->get_errmsg());
3122  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3123 
3124  if (!(smart_val_ok && smart_thres_ok)) {
3125  print_on();
3126  pout("SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: UNKNOWN!\n"
3127  "SMART Status, Attributes and Thresholds cannot be read.\n\n");
3128  }
3129  else if (find_failed_attr(&smartval, &smartthres, attribute_defs, 1)) {
3130  print_on();
3131  pout("SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: FAILED!\n"
3132  "Drive failure expected in less than 24 hours. SAVE ALL DATA.\n");
3133  pout("Warning: This result is based on an Attribute check.\n");
3134  print_off();
3135  returnval|=FAILATTR;
3136  returnval|=FAILSTATUS;
3137  if (options.smart_vendor_attrib)
3138  pout("See vendor-specific Attribute list for failed Attributes.\n\n");
3139  else {
3140  print_on();
3141  pout("Failed Attributes:\n");
3142  PrintSmartAttribWithThres(&smartval, &smartthres, attribute_defs, rpm, 1, options.output_format);
3143  }
3144  }
3145  else {
3146  pout("SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED\n");
3147  pout("Warning: This result is based on an Attribute check.\n");
3148  if (find_failed_attr(&smartval, &smartthres, attribute_defs, 0)) {
3149  if (options.smart_vendor_attrib)
3150  pout("See vendor-specific Attribute list for marginal Attributes.\n\n");
3151  else {
3152  print_on();
3153  pout("Please note the following marginal Attributes:\n");
3154  PrintSmartAttribWithThres(&smartval, &smartthres, attribute_defs, rpm, 2, options.output_format);
3155  }
3156  returnval|=FAILAGE;
3157  }
3158  else
3159  pout("\n");
3160  }
3161  print_off();
3162  break;
3163  } // end of switch statement
3164 
3165  print_off();
3166  } // end of checking SMART Status
3167 
3168  // Print general SMART values
3169  if (smart_val_ok && options.smart_general_values)
3170  PrintGeneralSmartValues(&smartval, &drive, firmwarebugs);
3171 
3172  // Print vendor-specific attributes
3173  if (smart_val_ok && options.smart_vendor_attrib) {
3174  print_on();
3175  PrintSmartAttribWithThres(&smartval, &smartthres, attribute_defs, rpm,
3176  (printing_is_switchable ? 2 : 0), options.output_format);
3177  print_off();
3178  }
3179 
3180  // If GP Log is supported use smart log directory for
3181  // error and selftest log support check.
3182  bool gp_log_supported = !!isGeneralPurposeLoggingCapable(&drive);
3183  if ( gp_log_supported
3184  && ( options.smart_error_log || options.smart_selftest_log
3185  || options.retry_error_log || options.retry_selftest_log))
3186  need_smart_logdir = true;
3187 
3188  ata_smart_log_directory smartlogdir_buf, gplogdir_buf;
3189  const ata_smart_log_directory * smartlogdir = 0, * gplogdir = 0;
3190 
3191  // Read SMART Log directory
3192  if (need_smart_logdir) {
3193  if (firmwarebugs.is_set(BUG_NOLOGDIR))
3194  smartlogdir = fake_logdir(&smartlogdir_buf, options);
3195  else if (ataReadLogDirectory(device, &smartlogdir_buf, false)) {
3196  pout("Read SMART Log Directory failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
3197  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3198  }
3199  else
3200  smartlogdir = &smartlogdir_buf;
3201  }
3202 
3203  // Read GP Log directory
3204  if (need_gp_logdir) {
3205  if (firmwarebugs.is_set(BUG_NOLOGDIR))
3206  gplogdir = fake_logdir(&gplogdir_buf, options);
3207  else if (!gp_log_supported && !is_permissive()) {
3208  if (options.gp_logdir)
3209  pout("General Purpose Log Directory not supported\n\n");
3210  }
3211  else if (ataReadLogDirectory(device, &gplogdir_buf, true)) {
3212  pout("Read GP Log Directory failed\n\n");
3213  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3214  }
3215  else
3216  gplogdir = &gplogdir_buf;
3217  }
3218 
3219  // Print log directories
3220  if ((options.gp_logdir && gplogdir) || (options.smart_logdir && smartlogdir)) {
3221  if (firmwarebugs.is_set(BUG_NOLOGDIR))
3222  pout("Log Directories not read due to '-F nologdir' option\n\n");
3223  else
3224  PrintLogDirectories(gplogdir, smartlogdir);
3225  }
3226 
3227  // Print log pages
3228  for (i = 0; i < options.log_requests.size(); i++) {
3229  const ata_log_request & req = options.log_requests[i];
3230 
3231  const char * type;
3232  unsigned max_nsectors;
3233  if (req.gpl) {
3234  type = "General Purpose";
3235  max_nsectors = GetNumLogSectors(gplogdir, req.logaddr, true);
3236  }
3237  else {
3238  type = "SMART";
3239  max_nsectors = GetNumLogSectors(smartlogdir, req.logaddr, false);
3240  }
3241 
3242  if (!max_nsectors) {
3243  if (!is_permissive()) {
3244  pout("%s Log 0x%02x does not exist (override with '-T permissive' option)\n", type, req.logaddr);
3245  continue;
3246  }
3247  max_nsectors = req.page+1;
3248  }
3249  if (max_nsectors <= req.page) {
3250  pout("%s Log 0x%02x has only %u sectors, output skipped\n", type, req.logaddr, max_nsectors);
3251  continue;
3252  }
3253 
3254  unsigned ns = req.nsectors;
3255  if (ns > max_nsectors - req.page) {
3256  if (req.nsectors != ~0U) // "FIRST-max"
3257  pout("%s Log 0x%02x has only %u sectors, output truncated\n", type, req.logaddr, max_nsectors);
3258  ns = max_nsectors - req.page;
3259  }
3260 
3261  // SMART log don't support sector offset, start with first sector
3262  unsigned offs = (req.gpl ? 0 : req.page);
3263 
3264  raw_buffer log_buf((offs + ns) * 512);
3265  bool ok;
3266  if (req.gpl)
3267  ok = ataReadLogExt(device, req.logaddr, 0x00, req.page, log_buf.data(), ns);
3268  else
3269  ok = ataReadSmartLog(device, req.logaddr, log_buf.data(), offs + ns);
3270  if (!ok)
3271  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3272  else
3273  PrintLogPages(type, log_buf.data() + offs*512, req.logaddr, req.page, ns, max_nsectors);
3274  }
3275 
3276  // Print SMART Extendend Comprehensive Error Log
3277  bool do_smart_error_log = options.smart_error_log;
3278  if (options.smart_ext_error_log) {
3279  bool ok = false;
3280  unsigned nsectors = GetNumLogSectors(gplogdir, 0x03, true);
3281  if (!nsectors)
3282  pout("SMART Extended Comprehensive Error Log (GP Log 0x03) not supported\n\n");
3283  else {
3284  // Read only first sector to get error count and index
3285  // Print function will read more sectors as needed
3286  ata_smart_exterrlog log_03; memset(&log_03, 0, sizeof(log_03));
3287  if (!ataReadExtErrorLog(device, &log_03, 0, 1, firmwarebugs)) {
3288  pout("Read SMART Extended Comprehensive Error Log failed\n\n");
3289  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3290  }
3291  else {
3292  if (PrintSmartExtErrorLog(device, firmwarebugs, &log_03, nsectors, options.smart_ext_error_log))
3293  returnval |= FAILERR;
3294  ok = true;
3295  }
3296  }
3297 
3298  if (!ok) {
3299  if (options.retry_error_log)
3300  do_smart_error_log = true;
3301  else if (!do_smart_error_log)
3302  pout("Try '-l [xerror,]error' to read traditional SMART Error Log\n");
3303  }
3304  }
3305 
3306  // Print SMART error log
3307  if (do_smart_error_log) {
3308  if (!( GetNumLogSectors(smartlogdir, 0x01, false)
3309  || ( !(smartlogdir && gp_log_supported)
3310  && isSmartErrorLogCapable(&smartval, &drive))
3311  || is_permissive() )) {
3312  pout("SMART Error Log not supported\n\n");
3313  }
3314  else {
3315  ata_smart_errorlog smarterror; memset(&smarterror, 0, sizeof(smarterror));
3316  if (ataReadErrorLog(device, &smarterror, firmwarebugs)) {
3317  pout("Read SMART Error Log failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
3318  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3319  }
3320  else {
3321  // quiet mode is turned on inside PrintSmartErrorLog()
3322  if (PrintSmartErrorlog(&smarterror, firmwarebugs))
3323  returnval|=FAILERR;
3324  print_off();
3325  }
3326  }
3327  }
3328 
3329  // Print SMART Extendend Self-test Log
3330  bool do_smart_selftest_log = options.smart_selftest_log;
3331  if (options.smart_ext_selftest_log) {
3332  bool ok = false;
3333  unsigned nsectors = GetNumLogSectors(gplogdir, 0x07, true);
3334  if (!nsectors)
3335  pout("SMART Extended Self-test Log (GP Log 0x07) not supported\n\n");
3336  else if (nsectors >= 256)
3337  pout("SMART Extended Self-test Log size %u not supported\n\n", nsectors);
3338  else {
3339  raw_buffer log_07_buf(nsectors * 512);
3340  ata_smart_extselftestlog * log_07 = reinterpret_cast<ata_smart_extselftestlog *>(log_07_buf.data());
3341  if (!ataReadExtSelfTestLog(device, log_07, nsectors)) {
3342  pout("Read SMART Extended Self-test Log failed\n\n");
3343  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3344  }
3345  else {
3346  if (PrintSmartExtSelfTestLog(log_07, nsectors, options.smart_ext_selftest_log))
3347  returnval |= FAILLOG;
3348  ok = true;
3349  }
3350  }
3351 
3352  if (!ok) {
3353  if (options.retry_selftest_log)
3354  do_smart_selftest_log = true;
3355  else if (!do_smart_selftest_log)
3356  pout("Try '-l [xselftest,]selftest' to read traditional SMART Self Test Log\n");
3357  }
3358  }
3359 
3360  // Print SMART self-test log
3361  if (do_smart_selftest_log) {
3362  if (!( GetNumLogSectors(smartlogdir, 0x06, false)
3363  || ( !(smartlogdir && gp_log_supported)
3364  && isSmartTestLogCapable(&smartval, &drive))
3365  || is_permissive() )) {
3366  pout("SMART Self-test Log not supported\n\n");
3367  }
3368  else {
3369  ata_smart_selftestlog smartselftest; memset(&smartselftest, 0, sizeof(smartselftest));
3370  if (ataReadSelfTestLog(device, &smartselftest, firmwarebugs)) {
3371  pout("Read SMART Self-test Log failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
3372  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3373  }
3374  else {
3375  print_on();
3376  if (ataPrintSmartSelfTestlog(&smartselftest, !printing_is_switchable, firmwarebugs))
3377  returnval |= FAILLOG;
3378  print_off();
3379  pout("\n");
3380  }
3381  }
3382  }
3383 
3384  // Print SMART selective self-test log
3385  if (options.smart_selective_selftest_log) {
3387 
3388  if (!isSupportSelectiveSelfTest(&smartval))
3389  pout("Selective Self-tests/Logging not supported\n\n");
3390  else if(ataReadSelectiveSelfTestLog(device, &log)) {
3391  pout("Read SMART Selective Self-test Log failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
3392  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3393  }
3394  else {
3395  print_on();
3396  // If any errors were found, they are logged in the SMART Self-test log.
3397  // So there is no need to print the Selective Self Test log in silent
3398  // mode.
3400  ataPrintSelectiveSelfTestLog(&log, &smartval);
3401  print_off();
3402  pout("\n");
3403  }
3404  }
3405 
3406  // Check if SCT commands available
3407  bool sct_ok = isSCTCapable(&drive);
3408  if ( options.sct_temp_sts || options.sct_temp_hist || options.sct_temp_int
3409  || options.sct_erc_get || options.sct_erc_set ) {
3410  if (!sct_ok)
3411  pout("SCT Commands not supported\n\n");
3412  else if (locked) {
3413  pout("SCT Commands not supported if ATA Security is LOCKED\n\n");
3414  sct_ok = false;
3415  }
3416  }
3417 
3418  // Print SCT status and temperature history table
3419  if (sct_ok && (options.sct_temp_sts || options.sct_temp_hist || options.sct_temp_int)) {
3420  for (;;) {
3421  bool sct_temp_hist_ok = isSCTDataTableCapable(&drive);
3423 
3424  if (options.sct_temp_sts || (options.sct_temp_hist && sct_temp_hist_ok)) {
3425  // Read SCT status
3426  if (ataReadSCTStatus(device, &sts)) {
3427  pout("\n");
3428  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3429  break;
3430  }
3431  if (options.sct_temp_sts) {
3432  ataPrintSCTStatus(&sts);
3433  pout("\n");
3434  }
3435  }
3436 
3437  if (!sct_temp_hist_ok && (options.sct_temp_hist || options.sct_temp_int)) {
3438  pout("SCT Data Table command not supported\n\n");
3439  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3440  break;
3441  }
3442 
3443  if (options.sct_temp_hist) {
3444  // Read SCT temperature history,
3445  // requires initial SCT status from above
3447  if (ataReadSCTTempHist(device, &tmh, &sts)) {
3448  pout("Read SCT Temperature History failed\n\n");
3449  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3450  break;
3451  }
3452  ataPrintSCTTempHist(&tmh);
3453  pout("\n");
3454  }
3455 
3456  if (options.sct_temp_int) {
3457  // Set new temperature logging interval
3458  if (!isSCTFeatureControlCapable(&drive)) {
3459  pout("SCT Feature Control command not supported\n\n");
3460  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3461  break;
3462  }
3463  if (ataSetSCTTempInterval(device, options.sct_temp_int, options.sct_temp_int_pers)) {
3464  pout("Write Temperature Logging Interval failed\n\n");
3465  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3466  break;
3467  }
3468  pout("Temperature Logging Interval set to %u minute%s (%s)\n",
3469  options.sct_temp_int, (options.sct_temp_int == 1 ? "" : "s"),
3470  (options.sct_temp_int_pers ? "persistent" : "volatile"));
3471  }
3472  break;
3473  }
3474  }
3475 
3476  // SCT Error Recovery Control
3477  if (sct_ok && (options.sct_erc_get || options.sct_erc_set)) {
3478  if (!isSCTErrorRecoveryControlCapable(&drive)) {
3479  pout("SCT Error Recovery Control command not supported\n\n");
3480  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3481  }
3482  else {
3483  bool sct_erc_get = options.sct_erc_get;
3484  if (options.sct_erc_set) {
3485  // Set SCT Error Recovery Control
3486  if ( ataSetSCTErrorRecoveryControltime(device, 1, options.sct_erc_readtime )
3487  || ataSetSCTErrorRecoveryControltime(device, 2, options.sct_erc_writetime)) {
3488  pout("SCT (Set) Error Recovery Control command failed\n");
3489  if (!( (options.sct_erc_readtime == 70 && options.sct_erc_writetime == 70)
3490  || (options.sct_erc_readtime == 0 && options.sct_erc_writetime == 0)))
3491  pout("Retry with: 'scterc,70,70' to enable ERC or 'scterc,0,0' to disable\n");
3492  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3493  sct_erc_get = false;
3494  }
3495  else if (!sct_erc_get)
3497  options.sct_erc_writetime);
3498  }
3499 
3500  if (sct_erc_get) {
3501  // Print SCT Error Recovery Control
3502  unsigned short read_timer, write_timer;
3503  if ( ataGetSCTErrorRecoveryControltime(device, 1, read_timer )
3504  || ataGetSCTErrorRecoveryControltime(device, 2, write_timer)) {
3505  pout("SCT (Get) Error Recovery Control command failed\n");
3506  if (options.sct_erc_set) {
3507  pout("The previous SCT (Set) Error Recovery Control command succeeded\n");
3509  options.sct_erc_writetime);
3510  }
3511  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3512  }
3513  else
3514  ataPrintSCTErrorRecoveryControl(false, read_timer, write_timer);
3515  }
3516  pout("\n");
3517  }
3518  }
3519 
3520  // Print Device Statistics
3521  if (options.devstat_all_pages || options.devstat_ssd_page || !options.devstat_pages.empty()) {
3522  bool use_gplog = true;
3523  unsigned nsectors = 0;
3524  if (gplogdir)
3525  nsectors = GetNumLogSectors(gplogdir, 0x04, false);
3526  else if (smartlogdir){ // for systems without ATA_READ_LOG_EXT
3527  nsectors = GetNumLogSectors(smartlogdir, 0x04, false);
3528  use_gplog = false;
3529  }
3530  if (!nsectors)
3531  pout("Device Statistics (GP/SMART Log 0x04) not supported\n\n");
3532  else if (!print_device_statistics(device, nsectors, options.devstat_pages,
3533  options.devstat_all_pages, options.devstat_ssd_page, use_gplog))
3534  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3535  }
3536 
3537  // Print SATA Phy Event Counters
3538  if (options.sataphy) {
3539  unsigned nsectors = GetNumLogSectors(gplogdir, 0x11, true);
3540  // Packet interface devices do not provide a log directory, check support bit
3541  if (!nsectors && (drive.words047_079[76-47] & 0x0401) == 0x0400)
3542  nsectors = 1;
3543  if (!nsectors)
3544  pout("SATA Phy Event Counters (GP Log 0x11) not supported\n\n");
3545  else if (nsectors != 1)
3546  pout("SATA Phy Event Counters with %u sectors not supported\n\n", nsectors);
3547  else {
3548  unsigned char log_11[512] = {0, };
3549  unsigned char features = (options.sataphy_reset ? 0x01 : 0x00);
3550  if (!ataReadLogExt(device, 0x11, features, 0, log_11, 1)) {
3551  pout("Read SATA Phy Event Counters failed\n\n");
3552  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3553  }
3554  else
3555  PrintSataPhyEventCounters(log_11, options.sataphy_reset);
3556  }
3557  }
3558 
3559  // Set to standby (spindown) mode
3560  // (Above commands may spinup drive)
3561  if (options.set_standby_now) {
3562  if (!ata_nodata_command(device, ATA_STANDBY_IMMEDIATE)) {
3563  pout("ATA STANDBY IMMEDIATE command failed: %s\n", device->get_errmsg());
3564  returnval |= FAILSMART;
3565  }
3566  else
3567  pout("Device placed in STANDBY mode\n");
3568  }
3569 
3570  // START OF THE TESTING SECTION OF THE CODE. IF NO TESTING, RETURN
3571  if (!smart_val_ok || options.smart_selftest_type == -1)
3572  return returnval;
3573 
3574  pout("=== START OF OFFLINE IMMEDIATE AND SELF-TEST SECTION ===\n");
3575  // if doing a self-test, be sure it's supported by the hardware
3576  switch (options.smart_selftest_type) {
3577  case OFFLINE_FULL_SCAN:
3578  if (!isSupportExecuteOfflineImmediate(&smartval)){
3579  pout("Execute Offline Immediate function not supported\n\n");
3580  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3581  }
3582  break;
3583  case ABORT_SELF_TEST:
3584  case SHORT_SELF_TEST:
3585  case EXTEND_SELF_TEST:
3588  if (!isSupportSelfTest(&smartval)){
3589  pout("Self-test functions not supported\n\n");
3590  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3591  }
3592  break;
3593  case CONVEYANCE_SELF_TEST:
3595  if (!isSupportConveyanceSelfTest(&smartval)){
3596  pout("Conveyance Self-test functions not supported\n\n");
3597  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3598  }
3599  break;
3600  case SELECTIVE_SELF_TEST:
3602  if (!isSupportSelectiveSelfTest(&smartval)){
3603  pout("Selective Self-test functions not supported\n\n");
3604  failuretest(MANDATORY_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3605  }
3606  break;
3607  default:
3608  break; // Vendor specific type
3609  }
3610 
3611  // Now do the test. Note ataSmartTest prints its own error/success
3612  // messages
3613  if (ataSmartTest(device, options.smart_selftest_type, options.smart_selftest_force,
3614  options.smart_selective_args, &smartval, sizes.sectors ))
3615  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3616  else {
3617  // Tell user how long test will take to complete. This is tricky
3618  // because in the case of an Offline Full Scan, the completion
3619  // timer is volatile, and needs to be read AFTER the command is
3620  // given. If this will interrupt the Offline Full Scan, we don't
3621  // do it, just warn user.
3622  if (options.smart_selftest_type == OFFLINE_FULL_SCAN) {
3623  if (isSupportOfflineAbort(&smartval))
3624  pout("Note: giving further SMART commands will abort Offline testing\n");
3625  else if (ataReadSmartValues(device, &smartval)){
3626  pout("Read SMART Data failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
3627  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3628  }
3629  }
3630 
3631  // Now say how long the test will take to complete
3632  int timewait = TestTime(&smartval, options.smart_selftest_type);
3633  if (timewait) {
3634  time_t t=time(NULL);
3635  if (options.smart_selftest_type == OFFLINE_FULL_SCAN) {
3636  t+=timewait;
3637  pout("Please wait %d seconds for test to complete.\n", (int)timewait);
3638  } else {
3639  t+=timewait*60;
3640  pout("Please wait %d minutes for test to complete.\n", (int)timewait);
3641  }
3642  pout("Test will complete after %s\n", ctime(&t));
3643 
3648  pout("Use smartctl -X to abort test.\n");
3649  }
3650  }
3651 
3652  return returnval;
3653 }
#define CONVEYANCE_CAPTIVE_SELF_TEST
Definition: atacmds.h:119
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Definition: atacmds.h:137
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Definition: atacmds.h:444
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Get last error number.
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unsigned short int smart_capability
Definition: atacmds.h:220
unsigned log_sector_offset
Definition: atacmds.h:993
static void PrintSmartExtendedSelfTestPollingTime(const ata_smart_values *data)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:962
unsigned short words088_255[168]
Definition: atacmds.h:144
#define FAILSTATUS
Definition: smartctl.h:49
int ataReadSCTStatus(ata_device *device, ata_sct_status_response *sts)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:2219
bool set_security_freeze
Definition: ataprint.h:106
static void print_apm_level(const char *msg, int level)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:2435
int ataReadSmartValues(ata_device *device, struct ata_smart_values *data)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:988
unsigned char output_format
Definition: ataprint.h:85
unsigned short sct_spec
Definition: atacmds.h:530
unsigned int over_limit_count
Definition: atacmds.h:546
unsigned log_sector_size
Definition: atacmds.h:991
static const char * get_ata_minor_version(const ata_identify_device *drive)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:458
unsigned short device_error_count
Definition: atacmds.h:399
ata_attr_state
Definition: atacmds.h:890
bool smart_auto_save_enable
Definition: ataprint.h:75
#define ABORT_SELF_TEST
Definition: atacmds.h:116
static void PrintSmartErrorLogCapability(const ata_smart_values *data, const ata_identify_device *identity)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:937
int isSupportOfflineSurfaceScan(const ata_smart_values *data)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1809
const char * get_errmsg() const
Get last error message.
long long int64_t
Definition: int64.h:51
bool ata_set_features(ata_device *device, unsigned char features, int sector_count)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:816
bool isSCTCapable(const ata_identify_device *drive)
Definition: atacmds.h:875
static int PrintSmartExtSelfTestLog(const ata_smart_extselftestlog *log, unsigned nsectors, unsigned max_entries)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:2050
unsigned char logaddr
Definition: ataprint.h:36
unsigned char lba_low_register
Definition: atacmds.h:363
void print_on()
Definition: smartctl.h:87
unsigned char lba_low_register
Definition: atacmds.h:339
bool dont_print_serial_number
Definition: atacmds.cpp:47
#define ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_PREFAILURE(x)
Definition: atacmds.h:178
unsigned char id
Definition: atacmds.h:152
unsigned char failuretest_permissive
Definition: smartctl.cpp:1152
static int PrintSmartErrorlog(const ata_smart_errorlog *data, firmwarebug_defs firmwarebugs)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1766
unsigned char numsectors
Definition: atacmds.h:472
#define FAILID
Definition: smartctl.h:43
struct ata_smart_errorlog_struct errorlog_struct[5]
Definition: atacmds.h:315
bool smart_general_values
Definition: ataprint.h:51
#define ATA_ENABLE_WRITE_CACHE
Definition: atacmds.h:87
unsigned char revnumber
Definition: atacmds.h:313
unsigned short int total_time_to_complete_off_line
Definition: atacmds.h:217
const char * format_capacity(char *str, int strsize, uint64_t val, const char *decimal_point)
Definition: utility.cpp:694
unsigned int timestamp
Definition: atacmds.h:349
int isSupportConveyanceSelfTest(const ata_smart_values *data)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1817
static void ataPrintSCTCapability(const ata_identify_device *drive)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1119
void pout(const char *fmt,...)
Definition: smartctl.cpp:1133
#define OFFLINE_FULL_SCAN
Definition: atacmds.h:111
static void PrintLogDirectories(const ata_smart_log_directory *gplogdir, const ata_smart_log_directory *smartlogdir)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1278
unsigned sct_temp_int
Definition: ataprint.h:81
static int ataPrintSCTStatus(const ata_sct_status_response *sts)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:2288
bool smart_selftest_log
Definition: ataprint.h:54
unsigned char fw_rev[8]
Definition: atacmds.h:133
const devstat_entry_info devstat_info_0x04[]
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1422
short size
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1378
#define ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_SELFPRESERVING(x)
Definition: atacmds.h:203
int ataEnableAutoOffline(ata_device *device)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1561
static const char * sct_device_state_msg(unsigned char state)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:2274
unsigned char lba_high_register
Definition: atacmds.h:367
const char * name
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1379
bool sct_temp_int_pers
Definition: ataprint.h:82
bool retry_selftest_log
Definition: ataprint.h:60
int isSupportOfflineAbort(const ata_smart_values *data)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1805
static void print_aam_level(const char *msg, int level, int recommended=-1)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:2411
const char * modelfamily
Definition: knowndrives.h:26
const devstat_entry_info devstat_info_0x05[]
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1430
struct ata_smart_errorlog_command_struct commands[5]
Definition: atacmds.h:304
int ataPrintSmartSelfTestEntry(unsigned testnum, unsigned char test_type, unsigned char test_status, unsigned short timestamp, uint64_t failing_lba, bool print_error_only, bool &print_header)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:2531
int ataPrintMain(ata_device *device, const ata_print_options &options)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:2527
static const char * infofound(const char *output)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:47
int ataEnableSmart(ata_device *device)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1527
bool smart_auto_offl_disable
Definition: ataprint.h:74
#define CONVEYANCE_SELF_TEST
Definition: atacmds.h:114
static const char * OfflineDataCollectionStatus(unsigned char status_byte)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:735
unsigned char error_register
Definition: atacmds.h:270
int ataReadSmartThresholds(ata_device *device, struct ata_smart_thresholds_pvt *data)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1509
int ataDisableAutoSave(ata_device *device)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1549
u8 b[12]
Definition: megaraid.h:96
#define SELECTIVE_FLAG_PENDING
Definition: atacmds.h:514
unsigned short cfs_enable_1
Definition: atacmds.h:141
int ataSetSCTTempInterval(ata_device *device, unsigned interval, bool persistent)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:2378
unsigned short major_rev_num
Definition: atacmds.h:136
static void PrintSmartTotalTimeCompleteOffline(const ata_smart_values *data)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:867
int isGeneralPurposeLoggingCapable(const ata_identify_device *identity)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1760
#define ATA_ENABLE_AAM
Definition: atacmds.h:85
#define P(n)
int ata_get_wwn(const ata_identify_device *id, unsigned &oui, uint64_t &unique_id)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:921
void checksumwarning(const char *string)
Definition: smartctl.cpp:1180
bool isSCTDataTableCapable(const ata_identify_device *drive)
Definition: atacmds.h:884
#define EXTEND_CAPTIVE_SELF_TEST
Definition: atacmds.h:118
#define SELECTIVE_CAPTIVE_SELF_TEST
Definition: atacmds.h:120
unsigned char short_test_completion_time
Definition: atacmds.h:223
const ata_smart_log_directory * fake_logdir(ata_smart_log_directory *logdir, const ata_print_options &options)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1262
static bool is_permissive()
Definition: ataprint.cpp:53
#define ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_EVENTCOUNT(x)
Definition: atacmds.h:200
unsigned short sct_version
Definition: atacmds.h:529
unsigned char lba_mid_register
Definition: atacmds.h:365
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1376
static void PrintSmartShortSelfTestPollingTime(const ata_smart_values *data)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:952
const char * format_with_thousands_sep(char *str, int strsize, uint64_t val, const char *thousands_sep)
Definition: utility.cpp:662
static void print_standby_timer(const char *msg, int timer, const ata_identify_device &drive)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:2493
static int find_msb(unsigned short word)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:433
unsigned char device_control_register
Definition: atacmds.h:359
int ataSmartTest(ata_device *device, int testtype, bool force, const ata_selective_selftest_args &selargs, const ata_smart_values *sv, uint64_t num_sectors)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1602
void ata_format_id_string(char *out, const unsigned char *in, int n)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:768
static void PrintSmartOfflineCollectCap(const ata_smart_values *data)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:874
unsigned char failing_lba[6]
Definition: atacmds.h:447
signed char min_temp
Definition: atacmds.h:541
unsigned char version
Definition: atacmds.h:395
#define ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_OTHER(x)
Definition: atacmds.h:206
bool ignore_presets
Definition: ataprint.h:92
#define ATA_DISABLE_APM
Definition: atacmds.h:82
unsigned char version
Definition: atacmds.h:458
bool set_standby_now
Definition: ataprint.h:104
ATA device access.
#define SHORT_SELF_TEST
Definition: atacmds.h:112
static void PrintSataPhyEventCounters(const unsigned char *data, bool reset)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1665
static void print_ata_security_status(const char *msg, unsigned short state)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:2455
static const char * get_pata_version(unsigned short word222, char(&buf)[32])
Definition: ataprint.cpp:532
signed char life_min_temp
Definition: atacmds.h:543
unsigned char state
Definition: atacmds.h:373
unsigned char serial_no[20]
Definition: atacmds.h:131
int ataPrintSmartSelfTestlog(const ata_smart_selftestlog *data, bool allentries, firmwarebug_defs firmwarebugs)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:2611
unsigned char * data()
Definition: utility.h:159
unsigned long long uint64_t
Definition: int64.h:54
static const char * get_sata_maxspeed(const ata_identify_device *drive)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:575
unsigned short timestamp
Definition: atacmds.h:445
#define ATA_IDLE
Definition: atacmds.h:74
unsigned short int logversion
Definition: atacmds.h:480
unsigned char conveyance_test_completion_time
Definition: atacmds.h:225
unsigned char reserved1
Definition: atacmds.h:396
int isSupportAutomaticTimer(const ata_smart_values *data)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1801
struct ata_smart_threshold_entry thres_entries[NUMBER_ATA_SMART_ATTRIBUTES]
Definition: atacmds.h:258
const devstat_entry_info devstat_info_0x01[]
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1387
bool devstat_all_pages
Definition: ataprint.h:64
bool isSCTErrorRecoveryControlCapable(const ata_identify_device *drive)
Definition: atacmds.h:878
int ataSmartStatus2(ata_device *device)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1595
unsigned int under_limit_count
Definition: atacmds.h:547
bool smart_vendor_attrib
Definition: ataprint.h:52
const devstat_entry_info devstat_info_0x07[]
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1456
unsigned char offline_data_collection_capability
Definition: atacmds.h:219
unsigned char powermode
Definition: ataprint.h:94
signed char life_max_temp
Definition: atacmds.h:544
bool smart_check_status
Definition: ataprint.h:50
static bool print_device_statistics(ata_device *device, unsigned nsectors, const std::vector< int > &single_pages, bool all_pages, bool ssd_page, bool use_gplog)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1556
unsigned char status_register
Definition: atacmds.h:370
unsigned short flags
Definition: atacmds.h:504
int ataReadSCTTempHist(ata_device *device, ata_sct_temperature_history_table *tmh, ata_sct_status_response *sts)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:2250
static std::string format_milliseconds(unsigned msec)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1731
unsigned sct_erc_readtime
Definition: ataprint.h:70
std::string strprintf(const char *fmt,...)
Definition: utility.cpp:745
unsigned char byte205
Definition: atacmds.h:545
static void ataPrintSCTErrorRecoveryControl(bool set, unsigned short read_timer, unsigned short write_timer)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:2398
bool smart_auto_save_disable
Definition: ataprint.h:75
unsigned nsectors
Definition: ataprint.h:38
#define ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_PERFORMANCE(x)
Definition: atacmds.h:194
int ataDisableAutoOffline(ata_device *device)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1572
const devstat_entry_info devstat_info_0x02[]
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1402
void failuretest(failure_type type, int returnvalue)
Definition: smartctl.cpp:1157
unsigned short int revnumber
Definition: atacmds.h:213
uint64_t capacity
Definition: atacmds.h:990
unsigned char vendor_specific[32]
Definition: atacmds.h:550
unsigned char model[40]
Definition: atacmds.h:134
std::vector< ata_log_request > log_requests
Definition: ataprint.h:62
#define ATA_ENABLE_READ_LOOK_AHEAD
Definition: atacmds.h:88
int isSmartErrorLogCapable(const ata_smart_values *data, const ata_identify_device *identity)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1722
int isSupportSelfTest(const ata_smart_values *data)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1813
u8 cmd
Definition: megaraid.h:80
unsigned char worst
Definition: atacmds.h:157
static void PrintSmartConveyanceSelfTestPollingTime(const ata_smart_values *data)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:972
bool devstat_ssd_page
Definition: ataprint.h:64
static void PrintGeneralSmartValues(const ata_smart_values *data, const ata_identify_device *drive, firmwarebug_defs firmwarebugs)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1134
int ataReadErrorLog(ata_device *device, ata_smart_errorlog *data, firmwarebug_defs firmwarebugs)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1415
static const char * get_device_statistics_page_name(int page)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1475
void clear_err()
Clear last error info.
unsigned smart_ext_error_log
Definition: ataprint.h:58
unsigned char error_log_pointer
Definition: atacmds.h:314
#define ATAPRINT_H_CVSID
Definition: ataprint.h:28
static void ataPrintSelectiveSelfTestLog(const ata_selective_self_test_log *log, const ata_smart_values *sv)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:2125
unsigned char lba_mid_register_hi
Definition: atacmds.h:342
int ataSetSCTErrorRecoveryControltime(ata_device *device, unsigned type, unsigned short time_limit)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:2520
#define SELECTIVE_FLAG_ACTIVE
Definition: atacmds.h:515
int identify_word_level
Definition: ataprint.h:49
void show_presets(const ata_identify_device *drive)
int ataDoesSmartWork(ata_device *device)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1584
unsigned char features_register_hi
Definition: atacmds.h:336
bool isSCTFeatureControlCapable(const ata_identify_device *drive)
Definition: atacmds.h:881
signed char hda_temp
Definition: atacmds.h:540
#define SELECTIVE_FLAG_DOSCAN
Definition: atacmds.h:513
int sct_wcache_reorder_set
Definition: ataprint.h:110
virtual bool ata_identify_is_cached() const
Return true if OS caches ATA identify sector.
#define ATA_SECURITY_FREEZE_LOCK
Definition: atacmds.h:76
unsigned char count_register_hi
Definition: atacmds.h:362
const devstat_entry_info * devstat_infos[]
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1462
int ataReadLogDirectory(ata_device *device, ata_smart_log_directory *data, bool gpl)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1155
struct ata_smart_errorlog_error_struct error_struct
Definition: atacmds.h:305
static const char * get_sata_version(unsigned short word222, char(&buf)[32])
Definition: ataprint.cpp:543
bool ataReadSmartLog(ata_device *device, unsigned char logaddr, void *data, unsigned nsectors)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1134
#define PRIx64
Definition: int64.h:80
virtual bool is_syscall_unsup() const
Return true if last error indicates an unsupported system call.
unsigned char command_register
Definition: atacmds.h:346
int ataCheckPowerMode(ata_device *device)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:794
#define ATA_DISABLE_WRITE_CACHE
Definition: atacmds.h:83
bool printing_is_switchable
Definition: smartctl.cpp:59
#define ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_ERRORRATE(x)
Definition: atacmds.h:197
unsigned char count_register
Definition: atacmds.h:361
unsigned short logversion
Definition: atacmds.h:498
static int find_failed_attr(const ata_smart_values *data, const ata_smart_thresholds_pvt *thresholds, const ata_vendor_attr_defs &defs, int onlyfailed)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:985
#define FAILLOG
Definition: smartctl.h:62
unsigned char error_register
Definition: atacmds.h:360
bool sataphy_reset
Definition: ataprint.h:71
#define SHORT_CAPTIVE_SELF_TEST
Definition: atacmds.h:117
unsigned char lba_high_register
Definition: atacmds.h:343
bool smart_auto_offl_enable
Definition: ataprint.h:74
const char * look_up_ata_command(unsigned char c_code, unsigned char f_reg)
int isSmartTestLogCapable(const ata_smart_values *data, const ata_identify_device *identity)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1741