Version 49 (modified by Christian Franke, 7 years ago) ( diff )

Add Backblaze Hard Drive Stats for 2016

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Table of Contents

  1. Graphical user interfaces for smartctl
  2. Monitoring tools working with smartmontools
  3. Other projects using smartmontools
  4. Other HDD/SSD related open source projects
  5. HDD/SSD References
  6. Studies / Background info
  7. Useful references on SMART
  8. ATA/ATAPI References
  9. SCSI References
  10. NVMe References
  11. The original SMART specification

Graphical user interfaces for smartctl

GSmartControl (C++, Linux, FreeBSD, MacOS X, Windows)
HDD Guardian (VB.NET, Windows)
DriveDx (OS X, Proprietary Software)
SMART Utility (OS X, Proprietary Software)

Monitoring tools working with smartmontools

Nagios plugins
SMART Attributes Monitoring Plugin

Other projects using smartmontools

GitHub mirror of smartmontools SVN trunk
Smartmontools for Windows Package (Source Code) - alternative smartmontools installation package for Windows
Smartmontools with security - a fork of smartmontools 6.2 which adds ATA Security commands to smartctl.
pySMART - a simple Python wrapper for the smartctl component of smartmontools.

Other HDD/SSD related open source projects

CrystalDiskInfo (C++, Windows)
libatasmart, skdump, sktest (C, Linux)
hdparm (C, Linux)
MBRFilter (C, GPLv2, Windows) - Disk filter driver that prevents writing to sector 0
Naraeon NVMe Tools and SSD Tools (Delphi, Windows)
trimcheck (D, Windows)
OS X SAT SMART Driver - kernel driver for providing access to external (USB or FireWire) drive SMART data

HDD/SSD References

Johnny Lucky Solid State Drive Database

Studies / Background info

Hard Drive Stats for 2016, Andy Klein in Backblaze Blog, January 2017.
Hard Drive Data and Stats, Brian Beach, Andy Klein in Backblaze Blog, November 2013 - November 2016.
What SMART Stats Tell Us About Hard Drives, Andy Klein in Backblaze Blog, October 2016.
got HW crypto? On the (in)security of a Self-Encrypting Drive series, Gunnar Alendal, Christian Kison, modg, September 2015.
The SSD Endurance Experiment: 22TB, 200TB, 300TB, 500TB, 600TB, 1PB, 1.5PB, 2PB, They're all dead, Geoff Gasior in The Tech Report, August 2013 - March 2015.
SSD Benchmarking at CERN (Results), Liviu Vâlsan in HEPiX Fall 2014 Workshop, October 2014.
Anatomy of a Solid-state Drive, Michael Cornwell (Pure Storage) in ACM Queue vol 10, no 10, October 2012.
Vendor disk failure rates: Myth or metric?, Mary Brandel in Computerworld, April 2008.
Are Disks the Dominant Contributor for Storage Failures? A Comprehensive Study of Storage Subsystem Failure Characteristics, Weihang Jiang, Chongfeng Hu, Yuanyuan Zhou, Arkady Kanevsky in 6th USENIX Conference on File and Storage Technologies (FAST '08), pg 111-125, February 2008.
Hard Disk Drives: The Good, The Bad and The Ugly, Jon Elerath (Network Appliance) in ACM Queue vol 5, no 6, pg 28-37, September 2007.
Disk Failures in the Real World: What does an MTTF of 1,000,000 hours mean to you?, Bianca Schroeder, Garth A. Gibson (Carnegie Mellon University) in 5th USENIX Conference on File and Storage Technologies (FAST '07), pg 1-16, February 2007.
Failure Trends in a Large Disk Drive Population, Eduardo Pinheiro, Wolf-Dietrich Weber, Luiz André Barroso (Google Inc.) in 5th USENIX Conference on File and Storage Technologies (FAST '07), pg 17-28, February 2007.
Specifying Reliability in the Disk Drive Industry: No More MTBF's, Jon G. Elerath (IBM Storage Systems Division) in Proceedings of the IEEE 2000 Annual Reliability and Maintainability Symposium, pg 194, January 2000.

Useful references on SMART

Wikipedia articles about SMART:

English, Deutsch, Español, Français,
Italiano, Japanese, Nederlands, Polski,
Português, Russian, Slovenčina, Svenska

Zbigniew Chlondowski's SMART Information Site (no longer maintained)

ATA/ATAPI References

The homepage of the T13 project.
ATA-3 revision 7b (working draft), January 1997 (last specification of SMART Attributes and Thresholds, removed before final standard was published!).
ATA/ATAPI-4 revision 18 (final draft), August 1998 (SMART Attributes and Thresholds no longer specified).
ATA/ATAPI-5 revision 3 (final draft), February 2000.
ATA/ATAPI-6 revision 3b (final draft), February 2002.
ATA/ATAPI-7 revision 4b (final draft) Volume 1 (has SMART documentation), Volume 2, Volume 3, April 2004.
ATA/ATAPI-8 Command Set (ACS) revision 6a (final draft), September 2008.
ATA/ATAPI-8 SMART Attribute Annex (proposal), September 2005 (later split into: Overview, Assignment, List, not included in the standard!).
ATA/ATAPI Command Set - 2 (ACS-2) revision 3 (working draft), June 2011.

SCSI References

The homepage of the T10 project.
The SCSI drafts and other documents by the T10 project are no longer publicy available.

NVMe References

See NVMe wiki page.

The original SMART specification

The original SMART specification is SFF-8035i from the Small Form Factors (SFF) Committee.
Here is the SFF "link" (they have "expired" the document).
SFF-8035i "Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology (S.M.A.R.T.)" version 1.0, May 1995.
SFF-8035i "Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology (S.M.A.R.T.)" revision 2.0, April 1996.
SFF-8055i "S.M.A.R.T. Applications Guide for the ATA and SCSI Interfaces" revision 1.4, June 1996.

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