Version 2 (modified by Gabriele Pohl, 10 years ago) (diff)

Transfer to Wiki-Syntax

Smartmontools Download and Installation

Smartmontools 5.38 (stable) was released 2008/03/10, see NEWS and CHANGELOG for details.


After installation or booting from a Live-CD, you can read smartmontools man pages and try out the commands:

  man smartd.conf
  man smartctl
  man smartd
  
  # Only root can do this
  /usr/sbin/smartctl -s on -o on -S on /dev/hda
  /usr/sbin/smartctl -a /dev/hda

Note that the default location for the manual pages are /usr/share/man/man5 and /usr/share/man/man8. If 'man' doesn't find them, then you may need to add /usr/share/man to your MANPATH environment variable.

The Windows package provides preformatted man pages in *.html and *.txt format.


First Method - Install precompiled package

Starting with smartmontools release 5.37, RPM files are no longer available at the smartmontools project download page. Refer to the package download location of your distribution.

  • Distribution Package Version Repository Download-URL
    Debian smartmontools 5.38-2+lenny1 stable Download
    Debian smartmontools 5.38-3 testing Download
    Fink gsmartcontrol 0.8.4-1002 Download
    Fink smartmontools 5.38-1 Download
    Fink smartmontools-daemon 5.38-1 Download
    FreeBSD gsmartcontrol 0.8.4 sysutils Download
    FreeBSD smartmontools 5.38_6 sysutils Download
    Gentoo smartmontools 5.36-r1 Download
    Gentoo smartmontools 5.37 Download
    Gentoo smartmontools 5.37-r1 Download
    Gentoo smartmontools 5.38 Download
    MacPorts smartmontools 5.38 Download
    Mandriva smartmontools 5.38-3 Download
    Mandriva smartmontools-debug 5.38-3 Download
    NetBSD smartmontools 5.38 sysutils Download
    OpenBSD smartmontools 5.38 Download
    openSUSE smartmontools 5.38.0.20090603 sbrabec Download
    openSUSE smartmontools 5.38.0.20081027 suse/oss Download
    Slackware smartmontools-5.38-i486-1.txz 5.38 Download
    Ubuntu smartmontools 5.38-1ubuntu2 Download

Debian Linux - Install the Debian package

All versions of the smartmontools package in .deb format are available at the Debian package search page.

If you're running Debian stable please download a backport to stable here. These packages are provided by www.backports.org.

You can then install the package using:

  dpkg -i smartmontools_5.36-1_i386.deb

If you prefer to fetch the packages using apt, please read the instructions at backports.org.


Red Hat Enterprise Linux, CentOS (both in versions 5 and newer) and Fedora Linux distributions

  • The smartmontools package is part of the official repositories and can be installed using the yum command:

    # you need to be root to do this
    yum install smartmontools


  • Other distributions providing RPM packages
  • Download the latest binary RPM file (smartmontools*.rpm) for your distribution. Don't get the SRPM file (*.src.rpm).

  • Install it using RPM. You must be root to do this:

    su root # -> enter root password
    rpm -ivh smartmontools-5.33-6.i586.rpm

    For most users, this is all that is needed.

  • If you want to remove the package (rpm -e smartmontools) and your system does not have chkconfig installed, you may need to use:

    rpm -e --noscripts smartmontools


  • Windows with extLink: Cygwin installed - Install the Cygwin package
  • Starting with CVS snapshot 2005-11-15, smartmontools is part of the extLink: Cygwin distribution. A list of available smartmontools packages and their contents is extLink: here.

  • To update your installation, click on the "Install or update now!" link on the extLink: Cygwin web page. This downloads setup.exe to your system. Then, run setup and answer all of the questions. Select smartmontools package in the "Utils" category.

  • The optional source package (smartmontools-*-src.tar.bz2) can be used to build both the Cygwin and the Windows binary packages on Cygwin. Refer to the file /usr/share/doc/Cygwin/smartmontools-*.README for details.

  • Windows - Install the Windows package
  • Download and run the latest smartmontools extLink: NSIS-installer (*.win32-setup.exe) from extLink: here.
    • The default install type "Full" creates start menu shortcuts including an uninstaller, and adds the install directory to the PATH variable.
    • Select install type "Extract files only" to disable these extra components.
    • Virus scanners occasionally produce false positive virus reports for NSIS-installers, see the extLink: NSIS False Positives page. If this is the case for the smartmontools installer, please send a report to the extLink: smartmontools-support mailing list.

  • Starting with smartmontools release 5.37, the Windows package is no longer provided as a ZIP archive (*.win32.zip).
    If the self extracting installer cannot be used for some reason, the files may also be unpacked by a recent version of extLink: 7-Zip.

  • More recent (and probably unstable) Windows test releases build from CVS snapshots are available extLink: here.

Second Method (Linux/Solaris/FreeBSD/NetBSD/OpenBSD/Cygwin) - Install from the source tarball

  • Download the latest source tarball from here. Note: you probably want the most recent stable release. Stable releases have even-numbered extensions, and unstable experimental releases have odd-numbered extensions.

  • Uncompress the tarball:

    tar zxvf smartmontools-5.38.tar.gz

  • The previous step created a directory called smartmontools-5.38 containing the code.  Go to that directory, build, and install:

    cd smartmontools-5.38
    ./configure
    make
    make install

  • For releases >=5.19, ./configure can take optional arguments. These optional arguments are fully explained in the INSTALL file. The most important one is --prefix to change the default installation directories.
    Please note that the default installation location changed in versions >=5.31. If you don't pass any arguments to ./configure all files will reside under /usr/local to not interfere with files from your distribution. For more detailed information please also refer to the INSTALL document.

  • To compile from another directory (avoids overwriting virgin files from the smartmontools package) replace ./configure [options] by:

    mkdir objdir
    cd objdir
    ../configure [options]

  • To install to another destination (useful for testing and to avoid overwriting an existing smartmontools installation) replace make install by:

    make DESTDIR=/home/myself/smartmontools-test install

    Use a full path: ~/smartmontools-test won't work.

  • Unless the destination directory is your home directory (or a location that you have write permission)

    # only root can do that:
    make install

Third Method - Install latest unreleased code from SVN repository

We moved from CVS to a Subversion (SVN) repository. The new address for our repository is https://smartmontools.svn.sourceforge.net/svnroot/smartmontools

  • For those, who don't already have a Subversion client installed, here is a list of SVN-Clients for different operating systems and in all colors and flavours. (Stand-alone clients, Desktop-integrated clients, IDE plug-in clients, ..)

  • All you need to do to get the latest development code is (but note that the development code may be unstable, and that the documentation and code may be inconsistent):

    svn co https://smartmontools.svn.sourceforge.net/svnroot/smartmontools/trunk/smartmontools smartmontools

  • This will create a subdirectory called smartmontools/ containing the code. Go to that directory, build, and install:

    cd smartmontools
    ./autogen.sh
    ./configure
    make
    make install

    - See notes under Second method - install from source tarball for different options to ./configure and other useful remarks.

  • To update your sources from trunk (development version):

    cd smartmontools
    svn update

  • One of the really cool things about version control systems is that you can get any version of the code you want, from the first release up the the most current development version. And it's trivial, because each release is tagged with a name. Look at the tags in our SVN repository, to see what the different names are.

    E.g. run the following command to fetch the RELEASE_5_38 release:

    svn co https://smartmontools.svn.sourceforge.net/svnroot/smartmontools/tags/RELEASE_5_38/sm5 smartmontools

    Note that the directory with the smartmontools sourcefiles is named sm5 in releases <= 5.38.

    The rest of the build procedure is the same like described above, with one exception:

    - Skip ./autogen.sh and ./configure for tagged releases <= 5.1-18 (RELEASE_5_X_Y, where X = 0 or 1 and Y = 0 to 18).

Fourth Method - Don't install, run from Live-system

If you have a system that is showing signs of disk trouble (for example, it's unbootable and the console is full of disk error messages) it can be handy to have a version of smartmontools that can be run off of a bootable CD or floppy to examine the disk's SMART data and run self-tests. This is also useful if you want to run Captive Self-Tests (the -C option of smartctl ) on disks that can not easily be unmounted, such as those hosting the Operating System files. Or you can use this to run smartctl on computers that don't use Linux as the day-to-day operating system.

Here is a list of such bootable CDs:

Please let us know if there are others, and we will add them to this list.