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Ticket Resolution Summary Owner Reporter
#1501 invalid Buffer I/O error logical block async page read (TOSHIBA MQ01ABD100) 4joeyirosh1
Description

Hi!I have Debian 11 64 bit installed on my machine.

When I booted my machine today,I got the errors below during boot.Please find the output of the smartctl command below

# smartctl -a /dev/sda
smartctl 7.2 2020-12-30 r5155 [x86_64-linux-5.10.0-7-amd64] (local build)
Copyright (C) 2002-20, Bruce Allen, Christian Franke, www.smartmontools.org

=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Model Family:     Toshiba 2.5" HDD MQ01ABD...
Device Model:     TOSHIBA MQ01ABD100
Serial Number:    87PSPGCKT
LU WWN Device Id: 5 000039 7f2f0a12f
Firmware Version: AX1R4C
User Capacity:    1,000,204,886,016 bytes [1.00 TB]
Sector Sizes:     512 bytes logical, 4096 bytes physical
Rotation Rate:    5400 rpm
Form Factor:      2.5 inches
Device is:        In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]
ATA Version is:   ATA8-ACS (minor revision not indicated)
SATA Version is:  SATA 3.0, 6.0 Gb/s (current: 6.0 Gb/s)
Local Time is:    Sat Jun 12 19:55:38 2021 EAT
SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED

General SMART Values:
Offline data collection status:  (0x86)	Offline data collection activity
					was aborted by the device with a fatal error.
					Auto Offline Data Collection: Enabled.
Self-test execution status:      ( 121)	The previous self-test completed having
					the read element of the test failed.
Total time to complete Offline 
data collection: 		(  120) seconds.
Offline data collection
capabilities: 			 (0x51) SMART execute Offline immediate.
					No Auto Offline data collection support.
					Suspend Offline collection upon new
					command.
					No Offline surface scan supported.
					Self-test supported.
					No Conveyance Self-test supported.
					Selective Self-test supported.
SMART capabilities:            (0x0003)	Saves SMART data before entering
					power-saving mode.
					Supports SMART auto save timer.
Error logging capability:        (0x01)	Error logging supported.
					General Purpose Logging supported.
Short self-test routine 
recommended polling time: 	 (   2) minutes.
Extended self-test routine
recommended polling time: 	 ( 199) minutes.
SCT capabilities: 	       (0x003d)	SCT Status supported.
					SCT Error Recovery Control supported.
					SCT Feature Control supported.
					SCT Data Table supported.

SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: 16
Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:
ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME          FLAG     VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE      UPDATED  WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE
  1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate     0x002f   100   100   050    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  2 Throughput_Performance  0x0027   100   100   050    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  3 Spin_Up_Time            0x0023   100   100   002    Pre-fail  Always       -       1762
  4 Start_Stop_Count        0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       3079
  5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct   0x0033   099   099   010    Pre-fail  Always       -       320
  7 Seek_Error_Rate         0x002f   100   100   050    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  8 Seek_Time_Performance   0x0025   100   100   050    Pre-fail  Offline      -       0
  9 Power_On_Hours          0x0032   058   058   000    Old_age   Always       -       17022
 10 Spin_Retry_Count        0x0033   161   100   030    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
 12 Power_Cycle_Count       0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       2919
183 Runtime_Bad_Block       0x0032   100   100   001    Old_age   Always       -       0
184 End-to-End_Error        0x0033   100   100   097    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
185 Unknown_Attribute       0x0032   100   100   001    Old_age   Always       -       65535
187 Reported_Uncorrect      0x0032   001   001   000    Old_age   Always       -       1653
188 Command_Timeout         0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
189 High_Fly_Writes         0x003a   100   100   001    Old_age   Always       -       0
190 Airflow_Temperature_Cel 0x0022   067   052   040    Old_age   Always       -       33 (Min/Max 28/42)
191 G-Sense_Error_Rate      0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       213
192 Power-Off_Retract_Count 0x0022   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       5308497
193 Load_Cycle_Count        0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       5737
194 Temperature_Celsius     0x0022   067   052   040    Old_age   Always       -       33 (Min/Max 28/42)
196 Reallocated_Event_Count 0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       36
197 Current_Pending_Sector  0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
199 UDMA_CRC_Error_Count    0x0032   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       0

SMART Error Log Version: 1
ATA Error Count: 1653 (device log contains only the most recent five errors)
	CR = Command Register [HEX]
	FR = Features Register [HEX]
	SC = Sector Count Register [HEX]
	SN = Sector Number Register [HEX]
	CL = Cylinder Low Register [HEX]
	CH = Cylinder High Register [HEX]
	DH = Device/Head Register [HEX]
	DC = Device Command Register [HEX]
	ER = Error register [HEX]
	ST = Status register [HEX]
Powered_Up_Time is measured from power on, and printed as
DDd+hh:mm:SS.sss where DD=days, hh=hours, mm=minutes,
SS=sec, and sss=millisec. It "wraps" after 49.710 days.

Error 1653 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 17011 hours (708 days + 19 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER ST SC SN CL CH DH
  -- -- -- -- -- -- --
  40 41 d0 06 f6 7f 40  Error: UNC at LBA = 0x007ff606 = 8386054

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC   Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --  ----------------  --------------------
  60 f8 d8 86 f6 7f 40 00      01:02:19.290  READ FPDMA QUEUED
  60 08 d0 06 f6 7f 40 00      01:02:19.290  READ FPDMA QUEUED
  ef 10 02 00 00 00 a0 00      01:02:19.282  SET FEATURES [Enable SATA feature]
  ec 00 00 00 00 00 a0 00      01:02:19.281  IDENTIFY DEVICE
  ef 03 45 00 00 00 a0 00      01:02:19.281  SET FEATURES [Set transfer mode]

Error 1652 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 17011 hours (708 days + 19 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER ST SC SN CL CH DH
  -- -- -- -- -- -- --
  40 41 28 06 f6 7f 40  Error: UNC at LBA = 0x007ff606 = 8386054

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC   Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --  ----------------  --------------------
  60 f8 30 86 f6 7f 40 00      01:02:19.070  READ FPDMA QUEUED
  60 08 28 06 f6 7f 40 00      01:02:19.070  READ FPDMA QUEUED
  ef 10 03 00 00 00 a0 00      01:02:19.058  SET FEATURES [Enable SATA feature]
  ef 10 02 00 00 00 a0 00      01:02:19.046  SET FEATURES [Enable SATA feature]
  ec 00 00 00 00 00 a0 00      01:02:19.045  IDENTIFY DEVICE

Error 1651 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 17011 hours (708 days + 19 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER ST SC SN CL CH DH
  -- -- -- -- -- -- --
  40 41 f8 06 f6 7f 40  Error: UNC at LBA = 0x007ff606 = 8386054

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC   Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --  ----------------  --------------------
  60 f8 00 86 f6 7f 40 00      01:02:18.597  READ FPDMA QUEUED
  60 78 f8 06 f6 7f 40 00      01:02:18.597  READ FPDMA QUEUED
  60 30 b8 c6 f5 7f 40 00      01:02:18.597  READ FPDMA QUEUED
  60 10 b0 a6 f5 7f 40 00      01:02:18.597  READ FPDMA QUEUED
  60 08 a8 8e f5 7f 40 00      01:02:18.597  READ FPDMA QUEUED

Error 1650 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 17011 hours (708 days + 19 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER ST SC SN CL CH DH
  -- -- -- -- -- -- --
  40 41 08 06 f6 7f 40  Error: UNC at LBA = 0x007ff606 = 8386054

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC   Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --  ----------------  --------------------
  60 20 50 1e a6 94 40 00      01:02:04.069  READ FPDMA QUEUED
  60 02 08 06 f6 7f 40 00      01:02:04.060  READ FPDMA QUEUED
  60 02 18 0c f6 7f 40 00      01:02:04.027  READ FPDMA QUEUED
  60 00 10 1e 89 95 40 00      01:02:04.027  READ FPDMA QUEUED
  60 60 08 1e f6 7f 40 00      01:02:04.027  READ FPDMA QUEUED

Error 1649 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 17011 hours (708 days + 19 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER ST SC SN CL CH DH
  -- -- -- -- -- -- --
  40 41 e0 06 f6 7f 40  Error: UNC at LBA = 0x007ff606 = 8386054

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC   Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --  ----------------  --------------------
  60 00 48 1e 89 95 40 00      01:02:03.896  READ FPDMA QUEUED
  60 02 00 0c f6 7f 40 00      01:02:03.872  READ FPDMA QUEUED
  60 02 f0 0a f6 7f 40 00      01:02:03.872  READ FPDMA QUEUED
  60 02 e8 08 f6 7f 40 00      01:02:03.872  READ FPDMA QUEUED
  60 02 e0 06 f6 7f 40 00      01:02:03.872  READ FPDMA QUEUED

SMART Self-test log structure revision number 1
Num  Test_Description    Status                  Remaining  LifeTime(hours)  LBA_of_first_error
# 1  Short offline       Completed: read failure       90%     17008         209712646
# 2  Short offline       Completed: read failure       90%     17008         209712646
# 3  Short offline       Completed without error       00%      6747         -
# 4  Short offline       Completed without error       00%      6747         -
# 5  Short offline       Completed without error       00%      6747         -
# 6  Extended offline    Aborted by host               90%      6747         -

SMART Selective self-test log data structure revision number 1
 SPAN  MIN_LBA  MAX_LBA  CURRENT_TEST_STATUS
    1        0        0  Not_testing
    2        0        0  Not_testing
    3        0        0  Not_testing
    4        0        0  Not_testing
    5        0        0  Not_testing
Selective self-test flags (0x0):
  After scanning selected spans, do NOT read-scan remainder of disk.
If Selective self-test is pending on power-up, resume after 0 minute delay.

Output of dmesg from linux is as below

# dmesg
[ 8431.341307] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] tag#13 Sense Key : Medium Error [current]
[ 8431.341316] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] tag#13 Add. Sense: Unrecovered read error - auto reallocate failed
[ 8431.341327] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] tag#13 CDB: Read(10) 28 00 0c 7f f6 06 00 00 08 00
[ 8431.341340] blk_update_request: I/O error, dev sda, sector 209712646 op 0x0:(READ) flags 0x0 phys_seg 1 prio class 0
[ 8431.341358] Buffer I/O error on dev sda6, logical block 17, async page read
[ 8431.341415] ata1: EH complete
[ 8432.438648] ata1.00: exception Emask 0x0 SAct 0x8000000 SErr 0x40000 action 0x0
[ 8432.438653] ata1.00: irq_stat 0x40000008
[ 8432.438656] ata1: SError: { CommWake }
[ 8432.438659] ata1.00: failed command: READ FPDMA QUEUED
[ 8432.438664] ata1.00: cmd 60/08:d8:00:f6:7f/00:00:0c:00:00/40 tag 27 ncq dma 4096 in
                        res 41/40:00:06:f6:7f/00:00:0c:00:00/40 Emask 0x409 (media error) <F>
[ 8432.438666] ata1.00: status: { DRDY ERR }
[ 8432.438668] ata1.00: error: { UNC }
[ 8432.441244] ata1.00: configured for UDMA/100
[ 8432.441258] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] tag#27 FAILED Result: hostbyte=DID_OK driverbyte=DRIVER_SENSE cmd_age=0s
[ 8432.441260] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] tag#27 Sense Key : Medium Error [current]
[ 8432.441262] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] tag#27 Add. Sense: Unrecovered read error - auto reallocate failed
[ 8432.441264] sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] tag#27 CDB: Read(10) 28 00 0c 7f f6 00 00 00 08 00

What do these errors mean and how can I resolve them.Seems there is a disk I/O error and I hope I dont have to replace the disk. /dev/sda6 is my /home partition and I have manged to boot my OS and reach the gnome desktop and somehow I am able to work normally but the disk I/O issues concern me.

Please help

#1229 fixed Transcend TS256GMTS430S Christian Franke 5kft
Description

I have a Transcend TS256GMTS430S, which is an M.2 2242 SATA SSD. This drive is not yet supported in the smartmontools drive database. I will attach the output of "smartctl -x" to this ticket.

From what I can determine through testing and research, the SMART data for this drive is the same as for other Transcend SSDs (e.g., see ticket #869 - https://www.smartmontools.org/ticket/869). I found some datasheets on the Internet that show that the SMART attributes are consistent across the various Transcend SSDs.

I did locate a Transcend datasheet for the S400 SSD series as well (of which I'm guessing the S430 is a member of) - see http://transcend-info.com/products/images/modelpic/645/TSXGMTS400_V1.9%20DATASHEET.pdf - the SMART attributes are provided on page 13 of this PDF.

#1389 fixed Kingston RBU-SNSx180S3 series SSDs (e.g., RBUSNS4180S3256GJ) Christian Franke 5kft
Description

I have a Kingston RBUSNS4180S3256GJ SSD, which is an m.2 SATA SSD Kingston provides to system builders (see https://media.kingston.com/pdfs/emmc/MKF-815_design-in_SSD_lr.pdf).

This SSD appears to use a Phison controller like many other Kingston SSDs, as the SMART attributes correctly match (plus some vendors that are selling MKF-815 SSDs list them as having a Phison controller). I verified several SMART attributes as well and they appear correct (e.g., read Lifetime_Reads_GiB, Temperature_Celcius, etc.)

This change to drivedb.h appears to properly enable support for this drive (and likely this family):

--- smartmontools-7.1/drivedb.h 2019-12-28 13:40:37.000000000 -0800
+++ smartmontools-7.1-new/drivedb.h 2020-10-25 10:50:30.291147928 -0700
@@ -673,6 +673,8 @@
     "GOODRAM IRIDIUM PRO|" // tested with GOODRAM IRIDIUM PRO/SAFM01.5
     "IR-SSDPR-S25A-(120|240|480|960)|" // Goodram IRIDM, tested with IR-SSDPR-S25A-120/SBFM91.3,
       // IR-SSDPR-S25A-240/SBFM91.2
+    "KINGSTON RBUSNS(4|8)180S3(32|64|128|256|512)GJ|" // Kingston RBU-SNSx180S3 series, tested
+      // with KINGSTON RBUSNS4180S3256GJ
     "KINGSTON SEDC400S37(400|480|800|960|1600|1800)G|" // DC400, tested with
       // KINGSTON SEDC400S37480G/SAFM02.[GH], KINGSTON SEDC400S37960G/SAFM32.I
     "KINGSTON SEDC(450R|500[MR])(480|960|1920|3840)G|" // DC450R, DC500M/R, tested with

I've attached the output of "smartctl -x" for this drive to this ticket as well.

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