Table of Contents
- Graphical user interfaces for smartctl
- Monitoring tools working with smartmontools
- Other projects using smartmontools
- Other HDD/SSD related open source projects
- HDD/SSD References
- Studies / Background info
- Useful references on SMART
- ATA/ATAPI References
- SCSI References
- The original SMART specification
Graphical user interfaces for smartctl
Monitoring tools working with smartmontools
Other projects using smartmontools
Smartmontools for Windows Package (alternative smartmontools installation package for Windows)
Other HDD/SSD related open source projects
Studies / Background info
The SSD Endurance Experiment: Casualties on the way to a petabyte,
Geoff Gasior in The Tech Report, June 2014.
How long do disk drives last?, Brian Beach in Backblaze Blog, November 2013.
Anatomy of a Solid-state Drive, Michael Cornwell (Pure Storage) in ACM Queue vol 10, no 10, October 2012.
Vendor disk failure rates: Myth or metric?, Mary Brandel in Computerworld, April 2008.
Are Disks the Dominant Contributor for Storage Failures? A Comprehensive Study of Storage Subsystem Failure Characteristics, Weihang Jiang, Chongfeng Hu, Yuanyuan Zhou, Arkady Kanevsky in 6th USENIX Conference on File and Storage Technologies (FAST '08), pg 111-125, February 2008.
Hard Disk Drives: The Good, The Bad and The Ugly, Jon Elerath (Network Appliance) in ACM Queue vol 5, no 6, pg 28-37, September 2007.
Disk Failures in the Real World: What does an MTTF of 1,000,000 hours mean to you?, Bianca Schroeder, Garth A. Gibson (Carnegie Mellon University) in 5th USENIX Conference on File and Storage Technologies (FAST '07), pg 1-16, February 2007.
Failure Trends in a Large Disk Drive Population, Eduardo Pinheiro, Wolf-Dietrich Weber, Luiz André Barroso (Google Inc.) in 5th USENIX Conference on File and Storage Technologies (FAST '07), pg 17-28, February 2007.
Specifying Reliability in the Disk Drive Industry: No More MTBF's, Jon G. Elerath (IBM Storage Systems Division) in Proceedings of the IEEE 2000 Annual Reliability and Maintainability Symposium, pg 194, January 2000.
Useful references on SMART
Wikipedia articles about SMART:
Zbigniew Chlondowski's SMART Information Site (no longer maintained)
The homepage of the T13 project.
ATA-3 revision 7b (working draft), January 1997 (last specification of SMART Attributes and Thresholds, removed before final standard was published!).
ATA/ATAPI-4 revision 18 (final draft), August 1998 (SMART Attributes and Thresholds no longer specified).
ATA/ATAPI-5 revision 3 (final draft), February 2000.
ATA/ATAPI-6 revision 3b (final draft), February 2002.
ATA/ATAPI-7 revision 4b (final draft) Volume 1 (has SMART documentation), Volume 2, Volume 3, April 2004.
ATA/ATAPI-8 Command Set (ACS) revision 6a (final draft), September 2008.
ATA/ATAPI-8 SMART Attribute Annex (proposal), September 2005 (later split into: Overview, Assignment, List, not included in the standard!).
ATA/ATAPI Command Set - 2 (ACS-2) revision 3 (working draft), June 2011.
See also other subdirectories here.
The original SMART specification
The original SMART specification is SFF-8035i from the Small Form Factors (SFF) Committee.
Here is the SFF "link" (they have "expired" the document).
SFF-8035i "Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology (S.M.A.R.T.)" version 1.0, May 1995.
SFF-8035i "Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology (S.M.A.R.T.)" revision 2.0, April 1996.
SFF-8055i "S.M.A.R.T. Applications Guide for the ATA and SCSI Interfaces" revision 1.4, June 1996.