smartmontools  SVN Rev 4092
Utility to control and monitor storage systems with "S.M.A.R.T."
ataprint.cpp
Go to the documentation of this file.
1 /*
2  * ataprint.cpp
3  *
4  * Home page of code is: http://smartmontools.sourceforge.net
5  *
6  * Copyright (C) 2002-11 Bruce Allen
7  * Copyright (C) 2008-15 Christian Franke
8  * Copyright (C) 1999-2000 Michael Cornwell <cornwell@acm.org>
9  *
10  * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
11  * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
12  * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
13  * any later version.
14  *
15  * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
16  * (for example COPYING); If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
17  *
18  * This code was originally developed as a Senior Thesis by Michael Cornwell
19  * at the Concurrent Systems Laboratory (now part of the Storage Systems
20  * Research Center), Jack Baskin School of Engineering, University of
21  * California, Santa Cruz. http://ssrc.soe.ucsc.edu/
22  *
23  */
24 
25 #include "config.h"
26 
27 #include <ctype.h>
28 #include <errno.h>
29 #include <stdio.h>
30 #include <stdlib.h>
31 #include <string.h>
32 
33 #include "int64.h"
34 #include "atacmdnames.h"
35 #include "atacmds.h"
36 #include "ataidentify.h"
37 #include "dev_interface.h"
38 #include "ataprint.h"
39 #include "smartctl.h"
40 #include "utility.h"
41 #include "knowndrives.h"
42 
43 const char * ataprint_cpp_cvsid = "$Id: ataprint.cpp 4092 2015-05-19 20:14:36Z chrfranke $"
45 
46 
47 static const char * infofound(const char *output) {
48  return (*output ? output : "[No Information Found]");
49 }
50 
51 // Return true if '-T permissive' is specified,
52 // used to ignore missing capabilities
53 static bool is_permissive()
54 {
56  return false;
58  return true;
59 }
60 
61 /* For the given Command Register (CR) and Features Register (FR), attempts
62  * to construct a string that describes the contents of the Status
63  * Register (ST) and Error Register (ER). If the meanings of the flags of
64  * the error register are not known for the given command then it returns an
65  * empty string.
66  *
67  * The meanings of the flags of the error register for all commands are
68  * described in the ATA spec and could all be supported here in theory.
69  * Currently, only a few commands are supported (those that have been seen
70  * to produce errors). If many more are to be added then this function
71  * should probably be redesigned.
72  */
73 
74 static std::string format_st_er_desc(
75  unsigned char CR, unsigned char FR,
76  unsigned char ST, unsigned char ER,
77  unsigned short SC,
78  const ata_smart_errorlog_error_struct * lba28_regs,
79  const ata_smart_exterrlog_error * lba48_regs
80 )
81 {
82  const char *error_flag[8];
83  int i, print_lba=0, print_sector=0;
84 
85  // Set of character strings corresponding to different error codes.
86  // Please keep in alphabetic order if you add more.
87  const char *abrt = "ABRT"; // ABORTED
88  const char *amnf = "AMNF"; // ADDRESS MARK NOT FOUND
89  const char *ccto = "CCTO"; // COMMAND COMPLETION TIMED OUT
90  const char *eom = "EOM"; // END OF MEDIA
91  const char *icrc = "ICRC"; // INTERFACE CRC ERROR
92  const char *idnf = "IDNF"; // ID NOT FOUND
93  const char *ili = "ILI"; // MEANING OF THIS BIT IS COMMAND-SET SPECIFIC
94  const char *mc = "MC"; // MEDIA CHANGED
95  const char *mcr = "MCR"; // MEDIA CHANGE REQUEST
96  const char *nm = "NM"; // NO MEDIA
97  const char *obs = "obs"; // OBSOLETE
98  const char *tk0nf = "TK0NF"; // TRACK 0 NOT FOUND
99  const char *unc = "UNC"; // UNCORRECTABLE
100  const char *wp = "WP"; // WRITE PROTECTED
101 
102  /* If for any command the Device Fault flag of the status register is
103  * not used then used_device_fault should be set to 0 (in the CR switch
104  * below)
105  */
106  int uses_device_fault = 1;
107 
108  /* A value of NULL means that the error flag isn't used */
109  for (i = 0; i < 8; i++)
110  error_flag[i] = NULL;
111 
112  std::string str;
113 
114  switch (CR) {
115  case 0x10: // RECALIBRATE
116  error_flag[2] = abrt;
117  error_flag[1] = tk0nf;
118  break;
119  case 0x20: /* READ SECTOR(S) */
120  case 0x21: // READ SECTOR(S)
121  case 0x24: // READ SECTOR(S) EXT
122  case 0xC4: /* READ MULTIPLE */
123  case 0x29: // READ MULTIPLE EXT
124  error_flag[6] = unc;
125  error_flag[5] = mc;
126  error_flag[4] = idnf;
127  error_flag[3] = mcr;
128  error_flag[2] = abrt;
129  error_flag[1] = nm;
130  error_flag[0] = amnf;
131  print_lba=1;
132  break;
133  case 0x22: // READ LONG (with retries)
134  case 0x23: // READ LONG (without retries)
135  error_flag[4] = idnf;
136  error_flag[2] = abrt;
137  error_flag[0] = amnf;
138  print_lba=1;
139  break;
140  case 0x2a: // READ STREAM DMA
141  case 0x2b: // READ STREAM PIO
142  if (CR==0x2a)
143  error_flag[7] = icrc;
144  error_flag[6] = unc;
145  error_flag[5] = mc;
146  error_flag[4] = idnf;
147  error_flag[3] = mcr;
148  error_flag[2] = abrt;
149  error_flag[1] = nm;
150  error_flag[0] = ccto;
151  print_lba=1;
152  print_sector=SC;
153  break;
154  case 0x3A: // WRITE STREAM DMA
155  case 0x3B: // WRITE STREAM PIO
156  if (CR==0x3A)
157  error_flag[7] = icrc;
158  error_flag[6] = wp;
159  error_flag[5] = mc;
160  error_flag[4] = idnf;
161  error_flag[3] = mcr;
162  error_flag[2] = abrt;
163  error_flag[1] = nm;
164  error_flag[0] = ccto;
165  print_lba=1;
166  print_sector=SC;
167  break;
168  case 0x25: // READ DMA EXT
169  case 0x26: // READ DMA QUEUED EXT
170  case 0xC7: // READ DMA QUEUED
171  case 0xC8: // READ DMA (with retries)
172  case 0xC9: // READ DMA (without retries, obsolete since ATA-5)
173  case 0x60: // READ FPDMA QUEUED (NCQ)
174  error_flag[7] = icrc;
175  error_flag[6] = unc;
176  error_flag[5] = mc;
177  error_flag[4] = idnf;
178  error_flag[3] = mcr;
179  error_flag[2] = abrt;
180  error_flag[1] = nm;
181  error_flag[0] = amnf;
182  print_lba=1;
183  if (CR==0x25 || CR==0xC8)
184  print_sector=SC;
185  break;
186  case 0x30: /* WRITE SECTOR(S) */
187  case 0x31: // WRITE SECTOR(S)
188  case 0x34: // WRITE SECTOR(S) EXT
189  case 0xC5: /* WRITE MULTIPLE */
190  case 0x39: // WRITE MULTIPLE EXT
191  case 0xCE: // WRITE MULTIPLE FUA EXT
192  error_flag[6] = wp;
193  error_flag[5] = mc;
194  error_flag[4] = idnf;
195  error_flag[3] = mcr;
196  error_flag[2] = abrt;
197  error_flag[1] = nm;
198  print_lba=1;
199  break;
200  case 0x32: // WRITE LONG (with retries)
201  case 0x33: // WRITE LONG (without retries)
202  error_flag[4] = idnf;
203  error_flag[2] = abrt;
204  print_lba=1;
205  break;
206  case 0x3C: // WRITE VERIFY
207  error_flag[6] = unc;
208  error_flag[4] = idnf;
209  error_flag[2] = abrt;
210  error_flag[0] = amnf;
211  print_lba=1;
212  break;
213  case 0x40: // READ VERIFY SECTOR(S) with retries
214  case 0x41: // READ VERIFY SECTOR(S) without retries
215  case 0x42: // READ VERIFY SECTOR(S) EXT
216  error_flag[6] = unc;
217  error_flag[5] = mc;
218  error_flag[4] = idnf;
219  error_flag[3] = mcr;
220  error_flag[2] = abrt;
221  error_flag[1] = nm;
222  error_flag[0] = amnf;
223  print_lba=1;
224  break;
225  case 0xA0: /* PACKET */
226  /* Bits 4-7 are all used for sense key (a 'command packet set specific error
227  * indication' according to the ATA/ATAPI-7 standard), so "Sense key" will
228  * be repeated in the error description string if more than one of those
229  * bits is set.
230  */
231  error_flag[7] = "Sense key (bit 3)",
232  error_flag[6] = "Sense key (bit 2)",
233  error_flag[5] = "Sense key (bit 1)",
234  error_flag[4] = "Sense key (bit 0)",
235  error_flag[2] = abrt;
236  error_flag[1] = eom;
237  error_flag[0] = ili;
238  break;
239  case 0xA1: /* IDENTIFY PACKET DEVICE */
240  case 0xEF: /* SET FEATURES */
241  case 0x00: /* NOP */
242  case 0xC6: /* SET MULTIPLE MODE */
243  error_flag[2] = abrt;
244  break;
245  case 0x2F: // READ LOG EXT
246  error_flag[6] = unc;
247  error_flag[4] = idnf;
248  error_flag[2] = abrt;
249  error_flag[0] = obs;
250  break;
251  case 0x3F: // WRITE LOG EXT
252  error_flag[4] = idnf;
253  error_flag[2] = abrt;
254  error_flag[0] = obs;
255  break;
256  case 0xB0: /* SMART */
257  switch(FR) {
258  case 0xD0: // SMART READ DATA
259  case 0xD1: // SMART READ ATTRIBUTE THRESHOLDS
260  case 0xD5: /* SMART READ LOG */
261  error_flag[6] = unc;
262  error_flag[4] = idnf;
263  error_flag[2] = abrt;
264  error_flag[0] = obs;
265  break;
266  case 0xD6: /* SMART WRITE LOG */
267  error_flag[4] = idnf;
268  error_flag[2] = abrt;
269  error_flag[0] = obs;
270  break;
271  case 0xD2: // Enable/Disable Attribute Autosave
272  case 0xD3: // SMART SAVE ATTRIBUTE VALUES (ATA-3)
273  case 0xD8: // SMART ENABLE OPERATIONS
274  case 0xD9: /* SMART DISABLE OPERATIONS */
275  case 0xDA: /* SMART RETURN STATUS */
276  case 0xDB: // Enable/Disable Auto Offline (SFF)
277  error_flag[2] = abrt;
278  break;
279  case 0xD4: // SMART EXECUTE IMMEDIATE OFFLINE
280  error_flag[4] = idnf;
281  error_flag[2] = abrt;
282  break;
283  default:
284  return str; // ""
285  break;
286  }
287  break;
288  case 0xB1: /* DEVICE CONFIGURATION */
289  switch (FR) {
290  case 0xC0: /* DEVICE CONFIGURATION RESTORE */
291  error_flag[2] = abrt;
292  break;
293  default:
294  return str; // ""
295  break;
296  }
297  break;
298  case 0xCA: // WRITE DMA (with retries)
299  case 0xCB: // WRITE DMA (without retries, obsolete since ATA-5)
300  case 0x35: // WRITE DMA EXT
301  case 0x3D: // WRITE DMA FUA EXT
302  case 0xCC: // WRITE DMA QUEUED
303  case 0x36: // WRITE DMA QUEUED EXT
304  case 0x3E: // WRITE DMA QUEUED FUA EXT
305  case 0x61: // WRITE FPDMA QUEUED (NCQ)
306  error_flag[7] = icrc;
307  error_flag[6] = wp;
308  error_flag[5] = mc;
309  error_flag[4] = idnf;
310  error_flag[3] = mcr;
311  error_flag[2] = abrt;
312  error_flag[1] = nm;
313  error_flag[0] = amnf;
314  print_lba=1;
315  if (CR==0x35)
316  print_sector=SC;
317  break;
318  case 0xE4: // READ BUFFER
319  case 0xE8: // WRITE BUFFER
320  error_flag[2] = abrt;
321  break;
322  default:
323  return str; // ""
324  }
325 
326  /* We ignore any status flags other than Device Fault and Error */
327 
328  if (uses_device_fault && (ST & (1 << 5))) {
329  str = "Device Fault";
330  if (ST & 1) // Error flag
331  str += "; ";
332  }
333  if (ST & 1) { // Error flag
334  int count = 0;
335 
336  str += "Error: ";
337  for (i = 7; i >= 0; i--)
338  if ((ER & (1 << i)) && (error_flag[i])) {
339  if (count++ > 0)
340  str += ", ";
341  str += error_flag[i];
342  }
343  }
344 
345  // If the error was a READ or WRITE error, print the Logical Block
346  // Address (LBA) at which the read or write failed.
347  if (print_lba) {
348  // print number of sectors, if known, and append to print string
349  if (print_sector)
350  str += strprintf(" %d sectors", print_sector);
351 
352  if (lba28_regs) {
353  unsigned lba;
354  // bits 24-27: bits 0-3 of DH
355  lba = 0xf & lba28_regs->drive_head;
356  lba <<= 8;
357  // bits 16-23: CH
358  lba |= lba28_regs->cylinder_high;
359  lba <<= 8;
360  // bits 8-15: CL
361  lba |= lba28_regs->cylinder_low;
362  lba <<= 8;
363  // bits 0-7: SN
364  lba |= lba28_regs->sector_number;
365  str += strprintf(" at LBA = 0x%08x = %u", lba, lba);
366  }
367  else if (lba48_regs) {
368  // This assumes that upper LBA registers are 0 for 28-bit commands
369  // (TODO: detect 48-bit commands above)
370  uint64_t lba48;
371  lba48 = lba48_regs->lba_high_register_hi;
372  lba48 <<= 8;
373  lba48 |= lba48_regs->lba_mid_register_hi;
374  lba48 <<= 8;
375  lba48 |= lba48_regs->lba_low_register_hi;
376  lba48 |= lba48_regs->device_register & 0xf;
377  lba48 <<= 8;
378  lba48 |= lba48_regs->lba_high_register;
379  lba48 <<= 8;
380  lba48 |= lba48_regs->lba_mid_register;
381  lba48 <<= 8;
382  lba48 |= lba48_regs->lba_low_register;
383  str += strprintf(" at LBA = 0x%08" PRIx64 " = %" PRIu64, lba48, lba48);
384  }
385  }
386 
387  return str;
388 }
389 
390 static inline std::string format_st_er_desc(
392 {
393  return format_st_er_desc(
394  data->commands[4].commandreg,
395  data->commands[4].featuresreg,
396  data->error_struct.status,
399  &data->error_struct, (const ata_smart_exterrlog_error *)0);
400 }
401 
402 static inline std::string format_st_er_desc(
404 {
405  return format_st_er_desc(
406  data->commands[4].command_register,
407  data->commands[4].features_register,
408  data->error.status_register,
409  data->error.error_register,
410  data->error.count_register_hi << 8 | data->error.count_register,
411  (const ata_smart_errorlog_error_struct *)0, &data->error);
412 }
413 
414 
415 static const char * get_form_factor(unsigned short word168)
416 {
417  // Table A.32 of T13/2161-D (ACS-3) Revision 4p, September 19, 2013
418  // Table 236 of T13/BSR INCITS 529 (ACS-4) Revision 04, August 25, 2014
419  switch (word168) {
420  case 0x1: return "5.25 inches";
421  case 0x2: return "3.5 inches";
422  case 0x3: return "2.5 inches";
423  case 0x4: return "1.8 inches";
424  case 0x5: return "< 1.8 inches";
425  case 0x6: return "mSATA"; // ACS-4
426  case 0x7: return "M.2"; // ACS-4
427  case 0x8: return "MicroSSD"; // ACS-4
428  case 0x9: return "CFast"; // ACS-4
429  default : return 0;
430  }
431 }
432 
433 static int find_msb(unsigned short word)
434 {
435  for (int bit = 15; bit >= 0; bit--)
436  if (word & (1 << bit))
437  return bit;
438  return -1;
439 }
440 
441 static const char * get_ata_major_version(const ata_identify_device * drive)
442 {
443  switch (find_msb(drive->major_rev_num)) {
444  case 10: return "ACS-3";
445  case 9: return "ACS-2";
446  case 8: return "ATA8-ACS";
447  case 7: return "ATA/ATAPI-7";
448  case 6: return "ATA/ATAPI-6";
449  case 5: return "ATA/ATAPI-5";
450  case 4: return "ATA/ATAPI-4";
451  case 3: return "ATA-3";
452  case 2: return "ATA-2";
453  case 1: return "ATA-1";
454  default: return 0;
455  }
456 }
457 
458 static const char * get_ata_minor_version(const ata_identify_device * drive)
459 {
460  // Table 10 of X3T13/2008D (ATA-3) Revision 7b, January 27, 1997
461  // Table 28 of T13/1410D (ATA/ATAPI-6) Revision 3b, February 26, 2002
462  // Table 31 of T13/1699-D (ATA8-ACS) Revision 6a, September 6, 2008
463  // Table 46 of T13/BSR INCITS 529 (ACS-4) Revision 08, April 28, 2015
464  switch (drive->minor_rev_num) {
465  case 0x0001: return "ATA-1 X3T9.2/781D prior to revision 4";
466  case 0x0002: return "ATA-1 published, ANSI X3.221-1994";
467  case 0x0003: return "ATA-1 X3T9.2/781D revision 4";
468  case 0x0004: return "ATA-2 published, ANSI X3.279-1996";
469  case 0x0005: return "ATA-2 X3T10/948D prior to revision 2k";
470  case 0x0006: return "ATA-3 X3T10/2008D revision 1";
471  case 0x0007: return "ATA-2 X3T10/948D revision 2k";
472  case 0x0008: return "ATA-3 X3T10/2008D revision 0";
473  case 0x0009: return "ATA-2 X3T10/948D revision 3";
474  case 0x000a: return "ATA-3 published, ANSI X3.298-1997";
475  case 0x000b: return "ATA-3 X3T10/2008D revision 6"; // 1st ATA-3 revision with SMART
476  case 0x000c: return "ATA-3 X3T13/2008D revision 7 and 7a";
477  case 0x000d: return "ATA/ATAPI-4 X3T13/1153D revision 6";
478  case 0x000e: return "ATA/ATAPI-4 T13/1153D revision 13";
479  case 0x000f: return "ATA/ATAPI-4 X3T13/1153D revision 7";
480  case 0x0010: return "ATA/ATAPI-4 T13/1153D revision 18";
481  case 0x0011: return "ATA/ATAPI-4 T13/1153D revision 15";
482  case 0x0012: return "ATA/ATAPI-4 published, ANSI NCITS 317-1998";
483  case 0x0013: return "ATA/ATAPI-5 T13/1321D revision 3";
484  case 0x0014: return "ATA/ATAPI-4 T13/1153D revision 14";
485  case 0x0015: return "ATA/ATAPI-5 T13/1321D revision 1";
486  case 0x0016: return "ATA/ATAPI-5 published, ANSI NCITS 340-2000";
487  case 0x0017: return "ATA/ATAPI-4 T13/1153D revision 17";
488  case 0x0018: return "ATA/ATAPI-6 T13/1410D revision 0";
489  case 0x0019: return "ATA/ATAPI-6 T13/1410D revision 3a";
490  case 0x001a: return "ATA/ATAPI-7 T13/1532D revision 1";
491  case 0x001b: return "ATA/ATAPI-6 T13/1410D revision 2";
492  case 0x001c: return "ATA/ATAPI-6 T13/1410D revision 1";
493  case 0x001d: return "ATA/ATAPI-7 published, ANSI INCITS 397-2005";
494  case 0x001e: return "ATA/ATAPI-7 T13/1532D revision 0";
495  case 0x001f: return "ACS-3 T13/2161-D revision 3b";
496 
497  case 0x0021: return "ATA/ATAPI-7 T13/1532D revision 4a";
498  case 0x0022: return "ATA/ATAPI-6 published, ANSI INCITS 361-2002";
499 
500  case 0x0027: return "ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 3c";
501  case 0x0028: return "ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 6";
502  case 0x0029: return "ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 4";
503 
504  case 0x0031: return "ACS-2 T13/2015-D revision 2";
505 
506  case 0x0033: return "ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 3e";
507 
508  case 0x0039: return "ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 4c";
509 
510  case 0x0042: return "ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 3f";
511 
512  case 0x0052: return "ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 3b";
513 
514  case 0x005e: return "ACS-4 T13/BSR INCITS 529 revision 5";
515 
516  case 0x006d: return "ACS-3 T13/2161-D revision 5";
517 
518  case 0x0082: return "ACS-2 published, ANSI INCITS 482-2012";
519 
520  case 0x0107: return "ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 2d";
521 
522  case 0x010a: return "ACS-3 published, ANSI INCITS 522-2014";
523 
524  case 0x0110: return "ACS-2 T13/2015-D revision 3";
525 
526  case 0x011b: return "ACS-3 T13/2161-D revision 4";
527 
528  default: return 0;
529  }
530 }
531 
532 static const char * get_pata_version(unsigned short word222, char (& buf)[32])
533 {
534  switch (word222 & 0x0fff) {
535  default: snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf),
536  "Unknown (0x%03x)", word222 & 0x0fff); return buf;
537  case 0x001:
538  case 0x003: return "ATA8-APT";
539  case 0x002: return "ATA/ATAPI-7";
540  }
541 }
542 
543 static const char * get_sata_version(unsigned short word222, char (& buf)[32])
544 {
545  switch (find_msb(word222 & 0x0fff)) {
546  default: snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf),
547  "SATA >3.2 (0x%03x)", word222 & 0x0fff); return buf;
548  case 7: return "SATA 3.2";
549  case 6: return "SATA 3.1";
550  case 5: return "SATA 3.0";
551  case 4: return "SATA 2.6";
552  case 3: return "SATA 2.5";
553  case 2: return "SATA II Ext";
554  case 1: return "SATA 1.0a";
555  case 0: return "ATA8-AST";
556  case -1: return "Unknown";
557  }
558 }
559 
560 static const char * get_sata_speed(int level)
561 {
562  if (level <= 0)
563  return 0;
564  switch (level) {
565  default: return ">6.0 Gb/s (7)";
566  case 6: return ">6.0 Gb/s (6)";
567  case 5: return ">6.0 Gb/s (5)";
568  case 4: return ">6.0 Gb/s (4)";
569  case 3: return "6.0 Gb/s";
570  case 2: return "3.0 Gb/s";
571  case 1: return "1.5 Gb/s";
572  }
573 }
574 
575 static const char * get_sata_maxspeed(const ata_identify_device * drive)
576 {
577  unsigned short word076 = drive->words047_079[76-47];
578  if (word076 & 0x0001)
579  return 0;
580  return get_sata_speed(find_msb(word076 & 0x00fe));
581 }
582 
583 static const char * get_sata_curspeed(const ata_identify_device * drive)
584 {
585  unsigned short word077 = drive->words047_079[77-47];
586  if (word077 & 0x0001)
587  return 0;
588  return get_sata_speed((word077 >> 1) & 0x7);
589 }
590 
591 
592 static void print_drive_info(const ata_identify_device * drive,
593  const ata_size_info & sizes, int rpm,
594  const drive_settings * dbentry)
595 {
596  // format drive information (with byte swapping as needed)
597  char model[40+1], serial[20+1], firmware[8+1];
598  ata_format_id_string(model, drive->model, sizeof(model)-1);
599  ata_format_id_string(serial, drive->serial_no, sizeof(serial)-1);
600  ata_format_id_string(firmware, drive->fw_rev, sizeof(firmware)-1);
601 
602  // Print model family if known
603  if (dbentry && *dbentry->modelfamily)
604  pout("Model Family: %s\n", dbentry->modelfamily);
605 
606  pout("Device Model: %s\n", infofound(model));
607 
609  pout("Serial Number: %s\n", infofound(serial));
610 
611  unsigned oui = 0; uint64_t unique_id = 0;
612  int naa = ata_get_wwn(drive, oui, unique_id);
613  if (naa >= 0)
614  pout("LU WWN Device Id: %x %06x %09" PRIx64 "\n", naa, oui, unique_id);
615  }
616 
617  // Additional Product Identifier (OEM Id) string in words 170-173
618  // (e08130r1, added in ACS-2 Revision 1, December 17, 2008)
619  if (0x2020 <= drive->words088_255[170-88] && drive->words088_255[170-88] <= 0x7e7e) {
620  char add[8+1];
621  ata_format_id_string(add, (const unsigned char *)(drive->words088_255+170-88), sizeof(add)-1);
622  if (add[0])
623  pout("Add. Product Id: %s\n", add);
624  }
625 
626  pout("Firmware Version: %s\n", infofound(firmware));
627 
628  if (sizes.capacity) {
629  // Print capacity
630  char num[64], cap[32];
631  pout("User Capacity: %s bytes [%s]\n",
632  format_with_thousands_sep(num, sizeof(num), sizes.capacity),
633  format_capacity(cap, sizeof(cap), sizes.capacity));
634 
635  // Print sector sizes.
636  if (sizes.phy_sector_size == sizes.log_sector_size)
637  pout("Sector Size: %u bytes logical/physical\n", sizes.log_sector_size);
638  else {
639  pout("Sector Sizes: %u bytes logical, %u bytes physical",
640  sizes.log_sector_size, sizes.phy_sector_size);
641  if (sizes.log_sector_offset)
642  pout(" (offset %u bytes)", sizes.log_sector_offset);
643  pout("\n");
644  }
645  }
646 
647  // Print nominal media rotation rate if reported
648  if (rpm) {
649  if (rpm == 1)
650  pout("Rotation Rate: Solid State Device\n");
651  else if (rpm > 1)
652  pout("Rotation Rate: %d rpm\n", rpm);
653  else
654  pout("Rotation Rate: Unknown (0x%04x)\n", -rpm);
655  }
656 
657  // Print form factor if reported
658  unsigned short word168 = drive->words088_255[168-88];
659  if (word168) {
660  const char * form_factor = get_form_factor(word168);
661  if (form_factor)
662  pout("Form Factor: %s\n", form_factor);
663  else
664  pout("Form Factor: Unknown (0x%04x)\n", word168);
665  }
666 
667  // See if drive is recognized
668  pout("Device is: %s\n", !dbentry ?
669  "Not in smartctl database [for details use: -P showall]":
670  "In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]");
671 
672  // Print ATA version
673  std::string ataver;
674  if ( (drive->major_rev_num != 0x0000 && drive->major_rev_num != 0xffff)
675  || (drive->minor_rev_num != 0x0000 && drive->minor_rev_num != 0xffff)) {
676  const char * majorver = get_ata_major_version(drive);
677  const char * minorver = get_ata_minor_version(drive);
678 
679  if (majorver && minorver && str_starts_with(minorver, majorver)) {
680  // Major and minor strings match, print minor string only
681  ataver = minorver;
682  }
683  else {
684  if (majorver)
685  ataver = majorver;
686  else
687  ataver = strprintf("Unknown(0x%04x)", drive->major_rev_num);
688 
689  if (minorver)
690  ataver += strprintf(", %s", minorver);
691  else if (drive->minor_rev_num != 0x0000 && drive->minor_rev_num != 0xffff)
692  ataver += strprintf(" (unknown minor revision code: 0x%04x)", drive->minor_rev_num);
693  else
694  ataver += " (minor revision not indicated)";
695  }
696  }
697  pout("ATA Version is: %s\n", infofound(ataver.c_str()));
698 
699  // Print Transport specific version
700  char buf[32] = "";
701  unsigned short word222 = drive->words088_255[222-88];
702  if (word222 != 0x0000 && word222 != 0xffff) switch (word222 >> 12) {
703  case 0x0: // PATA
704  pout("Transport Type: Parallel, %s\n", get_pata_version(word222, buf));
705  break;
706  case 0x1: // SATA
707  {
708  const char * sataver = get_sata_version(word222, buf);
709  const char * maxspeed = get_sata_maxspeed(drive);
710  const char * curspeed = get_sata_curspeed(drive);
711  pout("SATA Version is: %s%s%s%s%s%s\n", sataver,
712  (maxspeed ? ", " : ""), (maxspeed ? maxspeed : ""),
713  (curspeed ? " (current: " : ""), (curspeed ? curspeed : ""),
714  (curspeed ? ")" : ""));
715  }
716  break;
717  case 0xe: // PCIe (ACS-4)
718  pout("Transport Type: PCIe (0x%03x)\n", word222 & 0x0fff);
719  break;
720  default:
721  pout("Transport Type: Unknown (0x%04x)\n", word222);
722  break;
723  }
724 
725  // print current time and date and timezone
726  char timedatetz[DATEANDEPOCHLEN]; dateandtimezone(timedatetz);
727  pout("Local Time is: %s\n", timedatetz);
728 
729  // Print warning message, if there is one
730  if (dbentry && *dbentry->warningmsg)
731  pout("\n==> WARNING: %s\n\n", dbentry->warningmsg);
732 }
733 
734 static const char *OfflineDataCollectionStatus(unsigned char status_byte)
735 {
736  unsigned char stat=status_byte & 0x7f;
737 
738  switch(stat){
739  case 0x00:
740  return "was never started";
741  case 0x02:
742  return "was completed without error";
743  case 0x03:
744  if (status_byte == 0x03)
745  return "is in progress";
746  else
747  return "is in a Reserved state";
748  case 0x04:
749  return "was suspended by an interrupting command from host";
750  case 0x05:
751  return "was aborted by an interrupting command from host";
752  case 0x06:
753  return "was aborted by the device with a fatal error";
754  default:
755  if (stat >= 0x40)
756  return "is in a Vendor Specific state";
757  else
758  return "is in a Reserved state";
759  }
760 }
761 
762 
763 // prints verbose value Off-line data collection status byte
765 {
766  pout("Offline data collection status: (0x%02x)\t",
767  (int)data->offline_data_collection_status);
768 
769  // Off-line data collection status byte is not a reserved
770  // or vendor specific value
771  pout("Offline data collection activity\n"
773 
774  // Report on Automatic Data Collection Status. Only IBM documents
775  // this bit. See SFF 8035i Revision 2 for details.
776  if (data->offline_data_collection_status & 0x80)
777  pout("\t\t\t\t\tAuto Offline Data Collection: Enabled.\n");
778  else
779  pout("\t\t\t\t\tAuto Offline Data Collection: Disabled.\n");
780 
781  return;
782 }
783 
785  firmwarebug_defs firmwarebugs)
786 {
787  pout("Self-test execution status: ");
788 
789  switch (data->self_test_exec_status >> 4)
790  {
791  case 0:
792  pout("(%4d)\tThe previous self-test routine completed\n\t\t\t\t\t",
793  (int)data->self_test_exec_status);
794  pout("without error or no self-test has ever \n\t\t\t\t\tbeen run.\n");
795  break;
796  case 1:
797  pout("(%4d)\tThe self-test routine was aborted by\n\t\t\t\t\t",
798  (int)data->self_test_exec_status);
799  pout("the host.\n");
800  break;
801  case 2:
802  pout("(%4d)\tThe self-test routine was interrupted\n\t\t\t\t\t",
803  (int)data->self_test_exec_status);
804  pout("by the host with a hard or soft reset.\n");
805  break;
806  case 3:
807  pout("(%4d)\tA fatal error or unknown test error\n\t\t\t\t\t",
808  (int)data->self_test_exec_status);
809  pout("occurred while the device was executing\n\t\t\t\t\t");
810  pout("its self-test routine and the device \n\t\t\t\t\t");
811  pout("was unable to complete the self-test \n\t\t\t\t\t");
812  pout("routine.\n");
813  break;
814  case 4:
815  pout("(%4d)\tThe previous self-test completed having\n\t\t\t\t\t",
816  (int)data->self_test_exec_status);
817  pout("a test element that failed and the test\n\t\t\t\t\t");
818  pout("element that failed is not known.\n");
819  break;
820  case 5:
821  pout("(%4d)\tThe previous self-test completed having\n\t\t\t\t\t",
822  (int)data->self_test_exec_status);
823  pout("the electrical element of the test\n\t\t\t\t\t");
824  pout("failed.\n");
825  break;
826  case 6:
827  pout("(%4d)\tThe previous self-test completed having\n\t\t\t\t\t",
828  (int)data->self_test_exec_status);
829  pout("the servo (and/or seek) element of the \n\t\t\t\t\t");
830  pout("test failed.\n");
831  break;
832  case 7:
833  pout("(%4d)\tThe previous self-test completed having\n\t\t\t\t\t",
834  (int)data->self_test_exec_status);
835  pout("the read element of the test failed.\n");
836  break;
837  case 8:
838  pout("(%4d)\tThe previous self-test completed having\n\t\t\t\t\t",
839  (int)data->self_test_exec_status);
840  pout("a test element that failed and the\n\t\t\t\t\t");
841  pout("device is suspected of having handling\n\t\t\t\t\t");
842  pout("damage.\n");
843  break;
844  case 15:
845  if (firmwarebugs.is_set(BUG_SAMSUNG3) && data->self_test_exec_status == 0xf0) {
846  pout("(%4d)\tThe previous self-test routine completed\n\t\t\t\t\t",
847  (int)data->self_test_exec_status);
848  pout("with unknown result or self-test in\n\t\t\t\t\t");
849  pout("progress with less than 10%% remaining.\n");
850  }
851  else {
852  pout("(%4d)\tSelf-test routine in progress...\n\t\t\t\t\t",
853  (int)data->self_test_exec_status);
854  pout("%1d0%% of test remaining.\n",
855  (int)(data->self_test_exec_status & 0x0f));
856  }
857  break;
858  default:
859  pout("(%4d)\tReserved.\n",
860  (int)data->self_test_exec_status);
861  break;
862  }
863 
864 }
865 
867 {
868  pout("Total time to complete Offline \n");
869  pout("data collection: \t\t(%5d) seconds.\n",
871 }
872 
874 {
875  pout("Offline data collection\n");
876  pout("capabilities: \t\t\t (0x%02x) ",
878 
879  if (data->offline_data_collection_capability == 0x00){
880  pout("\tOffline data collection not supported.\n");
881  }
882  else {
883  pout( "%s\n", isSupportExecuteOfflineImmediate(data)?
884  "SMART execute Offline immediate." :
885  "No SMART execute Offline immediate.");
886 
887  pout( "\t\t\t\t\t%s\n", isSupportAutomaticTimer(data)?
888  "Auto Offline data collection on/off support.":
889  "No Auto Offline data collection support.");
890 
891  pout( "\t\t\t\t\t%s\n", isSupportOfflineAbort(data)?
892  "Abort Offline collection upon new\n\t\t\t\t\tcommand.":
893  "Suspend Offline collection upon new\n\t\t\t\t\tcommand.");
894 
895  pout( "\t\t\t\t\t%s\n", isSupportOfflineSurfaceScan(data)?
896  "Offline surface scan supported.":
897  "No Offline surface scan supported.");
898 
899  pout( "\t\t\t\t\t%s\n", isSupportSelfTest(data)?
900  "Self-test supported.":
901  "No Self-test supported.");
902 
903  pout( "\t\t\t\t\t%s\n", isSupportConveyanceSelfTest(data)?
904  "Conveyance Self-test supported.":
905  "No Conveyance Self-test supported.");
906 
907  pout( "\t\t\t\t\t%s\n", isSupportSelectiveSelfTest(data)?
908  "Selective Self-test supported.":
909  "No Selective Self-test supported.");
910  }
911 }
912 
914 {
915  pout("SMART capabilities: ");
916  pout("(0x%04x)\t", (int)data->smart_capability);
917 
918  if (data->smart_capability == 0x00)
919  {
920  pout("Automatic saving of SMART data\t\t\t\t\tis not implemented.\n");
921  }
922  else
923  {
924 
925  pout( "%s\n", (data->smart_capability & 0x01)?
926  "Saves SMART data before entering\n\t\t\t\t\tpower-saving mode.":
927  "Does not save SMART data before\n\t\t\t\t\tentering power-saving mode.");
928 
929  if ( data->smart_capability & 0x02 )
930  {
931  pout("\t\t\t\t\tSupports SMART auto save timer.\n");
932  }
933  }
934 }
935 
937 {
938  pout("Error logging capability: ");
939 
940  if ( isSmartErrorLogCapable(data, identity) )
941  {
942  pout(" (0x%02x)\tError logging supported.\n",
943  (int)data->errorlog_capability);
944  }
945  else {
946  pout(" (0x%02x)\tError logging NOT supported.\n",
947  (int)data->errorlog_capability);
948  }
949 }
950 
952 {
953  pout("Short self-test routine \n");
954  if (isSupportSelfTest(data))
955  pout("recommended polling time: \t (%4d) minutes.\n",
956  (int)data->short_test_completion_time);
957  else
958  pout("recommended polling time: \t Not Supported.\n");
959 }
960 
962 {
963  pout("Extended self-test routine\n");
964  if (isSupportSelfTest(data))
965  pout("recommended polling time: \t (%4d) minutes.\n",
966  TestTime(data, EXTEND_SELF_TEST));
967  else
968  pout("recommended polling time: \t Not Supported.\n");
969 }
970 
972 {
973  pout("Conveyance self-test routine\n");
974  if (isSupportConveyanceSelfTest(data))
975  pout("recommended polling time: \t (%4d) minutes.\n",
977  else
978  pout("recommended polling time: \t Not Supported.\n");
979 }
980 
981 // Check SMART attribute table for Threshold failure
982 // onlyfailed=0: are or were any age or prefailure attributes <= threshold
983 // onlyfailed=1: are any prefailure attributes <= threshold now
985  const ata_smart_thresholds_pvt * thresholds,
986  const ata_vendor_attr_defs & defs, int onlyfailed)
987 {
988  for (int i = 0; i < NUMBER_ATA_SMART_ATTRIBUTES; i++) {
989  const ata_smart_attribute & attr = data->vendor_attributes[i];
990 
991  ata_attr_state state = ata_get_attr_state(attr, i, thresholds->thres_entries, defs);
992 
993  if (!onlyfailed) {
994  if (state >= ATTRSTATE_FAILED_PAST)
995  return attr.id;
996  }
997  else {
999  return attr.id;
1000  }
1001  }
1002  return 0;
1003 }
1004 
1005 // onlyfailed=0 : print all attribute values
1006 // onlyfailed=1: just ones that are currently failed and have prefailure bit set
1007 // onlyfailed=2: ones that are failed, or have failed with or without prefailure bit set
1009  const ata_smart_thresholds_pvt * thresholds,
1010  const ata_vendor_attr_defs & defs, int rpm,
1011  int onlyfailed, unsigned char format)
1012 {
1013  bool brief = !!(format & ata_print_options::FMT_BRIEF);
1014  bool hexid = !!(format & ata_print_options::FMT_HEX_ID);
1015  bool hexval = !!(format & ata_print_options::FMT_HEX_VAL);
1016  bool needheader = true;
1017 
1018  // step through all vendor attributes
1019  for (int i = 0; i < NUMBER_ATA_SMART_ATTRIBUTES; i++) {
1020  const ata_smart_attribute & attr = data->vendor_attributes[i];
1021 
1022  // Check attribute and threshold
1023  unsigned char threshold = 0;
1024  ata_attr_state state = ata_get_attr_state(attr, i, thresholds->thres_entries, defs, &threshold);
1025  if (state == ATTRSTATE_NON_EXISTING)
1026  continue;
1027 
1028  // These break out of the loop if we are only printing certain entries...
1029  if (onlyfailed == 1 && !(ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_PREFAILURE(attr.flags) && state == ATTRSTATE_FAILED_NOW))
1030  continue;
1031 
1032  if (onlyfailed == 2 && state < ATTRSTATE_FAILED_PAST)
1033  continue;
1034 
1035  // print header only if needed
1036  if (needheader) {
1037  if (!onlyfailed) {
1038  pout("SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: %d\n",(int)data->revnumber);
1039  pout("Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:\n");
1040  }
1041  if (!brief)
1042  pout("ID#%s ATTRIBUTE_NAME FLAG VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE UPDATED WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE\n",
1043  (!hexid ? "" : " "));
1044  else
1045  pout("ID#%s ATTRIBUTE_NAME FLAGS VALUE WORST THRESH FAIL RAW_VALUE\n",
1046  (!hexid ? "" : " "));
1047  needheader = false;
1048  }
1049 
1050  // Format value, worst, threshold
1051  std::string valstr, worstr, threstr;
1052  if (state > ATTRSTATE_NO_NORMVAL)
1053  valstr = (!hexval ? strprintf("%.3d", attr.current)
1054  : strprintf("0x%02x", attr.current));
1055  else
1056  valstr = (!hexval ? "---" : "----");
1057  if (!(defs[attr.id].flags & ATTRFLAG_NO_WORSTVAL))
1058  worstr = (!hexval ? strprintf("%.3d", attr.worst)
1059  : strprintf("0x%02x", attr.worst));
1060  else
1061  worstr = (!hexval ? "---" : "----");
1062  if (state > ATTRSTATE_NO_THRESHOLD)
1063  threstr = (!hexval ? strprintf("%.3d", threshold)
1064  : strprintf("0x%02x", threshold));
1065  else
1066  threstr = (!hexval ? "---" : "----");
1067 
1068  // Print line for each valid attribute
1069  std::string idstr = (!hexid ? strprintf("%3d", attr.id)
1070  : strprintf("0x%02x", attr.id));
1071  std::string attrname = ata_get_smart_attr_name(attr.id, defs, rpm);
1072  std::string rawstr = ata_format_attr_raw_value(attr, defs);
1073 
1074  if (!brief)
1075  pout("%s %-24s0x%04x %-4s %-4s %-4s %-10s%-9s%-12s%s\n",
1076  idstr.c_str(), attrname.c_str(), attr.flags,
1077  valstr.c_str(), worstr.c_str(), threstr.c_str(),
1078  (ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_PREFAILURE(attr.flags) ? "Pre-fail" : "Old_age"),
1079  (ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_ONLINE(attr.flags) ? "Always" : "Offline"),
1080  (state == ATTRSTATE_FAILED_NOW ? "FAILING_NOW" :
1081  state == ATTRSTATE_FAILED_PAST ? "In_the_past"
1082  : " -" ) ,
1083  rawstr.c_str());
1084  else
1085  pout("%s %-24s%c%c%c%c%c%c%c %-4s %-4s %-4s %-5s%s\n",
1086  idstr.c_str(), attrname.c_str(),
1087  (ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_PREFAILURE(attr.flags) ? 'P' : '-'),
1088  (ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_ONLINE(attr.flags) ? 'O' : '-'),
1089  (ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_PERFORMANCE(attr.flags) ? 'S' : '-'),
1090  (ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_ERRORRATE(attr.flags) ? 'R' : '-'),
1091  (ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_EVENTCOUNT(attr.flags) ? 'C' : '-'),
1092  (ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_SELFPRESERVING(attr.flags) ? 'K' : '-'),
1093  (ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_OTHER(attr.flags) ? '+' : ' '),
1094  valstr.c_str(), worstr.c_str(), threstr.c_str(),
1095  (state == ATTRSTATE_FAILED_NOW ? "NOW" :
1096  state == ATTRSTATE_FAILED_PAST ? "Past"
1097  : "-" ),
1098  rawstr.c_str());
1099 
1100  }
1101 
1102  if (!needheader) {
1103  if (!onlyfailed && brief) {
1104  int n = (!hexid ? 28 : 29);
1105  pout("%*s||||||_ K auto-keep\n"
1106  "%*s|||||__ C event count\n"
1107  "%*s||||___ R error rate\n"
1108  "%*s|||____ S speed/performance\n"
1109  "%*s||_____ O updated online\n"
1110  "%*s|______ P prefailure warning\n",
1111  n, "", n, "", n, "", n, "", n, "", n, "");
1112  }
1113  pout("\n");
1114  }
1115 }
1116 
1117 // Print SMART related SCT capabilities
1119 {
1120  unsigned short sctcaps = drive->words088_255[206-88];
1121  if (!(sctcaps & 0x01))
1122  return;
1123  pout("SCT capabilities: \t (0x%04x)\tSCT Status supported.\n", sctcaps);
1124  if (sctcaps & 0x08)
1125  pout("\t\t\t\t\tSCT Error Recovery Control supported.\n");
1126  if (sctcaps & 0x10)
1127  pout("\t\t\t\t\tSCT Feature Control supported.\n");
1128  if (sctcaps & 0x20)
1129  pout("\t\t\t\t\tSCT Data Table supported.\n");
1130 }
1131 
1132 
1134  firmwarebug_defs firmwarebugs)
1135 {
1136  pout("General SMART Values:\n");
1137 
1138  PrintSmartOfflineStatus(data);
1139 
1140  if (isSupportSelfTest(data)){
1141  PrintSmartSelfExecStatus(data, firmwarebugs);
1142  }
1143 
1146  PrintSmartCapability(data);
1147 
1148  PrintSmartErrorLogCapability(data, drive);
1149 
1150  pout( "\t\t\t\t\t%s\n", isGeneralPurposeLoggingCapable(drive)?
1151  "General Purpose Logging supported.":
1152  "No General Purpose Logging support.");
1153 
1154  if (isSupportSelfTest(data)){
1157  }
1158  if (isSupportConveyanceSelfTest(data))
1160 
1161  ataPrintSCTCapability(drive);
1162 
1163  pout("\n");
1164 }
1165 
1166 // Get # sectors of a log addr, 0 if log does not exist.
1167 static unsigned GetNumLogSectors(const ata_smart_log_directory * logdir, unsigned logaddr, bool gpl)
1168 {
1169  if (!logdir)
1170  return 0;
1171  if (logaddr > 0xff)
1172  return 0;
1173  if (logaddr == 0)
1174  return 1;
1175  unsigned n = logdir->entry[logaddr-1].numsectors;
1176  if (gpl)
1177  // GP logs may have >255 sectors
1178  n |= logdir->entry[logaddr-1].reserved << 8;
1179  return n;
1180 }
1181 
1182 // Get name of log.
1183 static const char * GetLogName(unsigned logaddr)
1184 {
1185  // Table 205 of T13/BSR INCITS 529 (ACS-4) Revision 08, April 28, 2015
1186  // Table 112 of Serial ATA Revision 3.2, August 7, 2013
1187  switch (logaddr) {
1188  case 0x00: return "Log Directory";
1189  case 0x01: return "Summary SMART error log";
1190  case 0x02: return "Comprehensive SMART error log";
1191  case 0x03: return "Ext. Comprehensive SMART error log";
1192  case 0x04: return "Device Statistics log";
1193  case 0x05: return "Reserved for CFA"; // ACS-2
1194  case 0x06: return "SMART self-test log";
1195  case 0x07: return "Extended self-test log";
1196  case 0x08: return "Power Conditions log"; // ACS-2
1197  case 0x09: return "Selective self-test log";
1198  case 0x0a: return "Device Statistics Notification"; // ACS-3
1199  case 0x0b: return "Reserved for CFA"; // ACS-3
1200  case 0x0c: return "Pending Defects log"; // ACS-4
1201  case 0x0d: return "LPS Mis-alignment log"; // ACS-2
1202 
1203  case 0x0f: return "Sense Data for Successful NCQ Cmds log"; // ACS-4
1204  case 0x10: return "SATA NCQ Queued Error log";
1205  case 0x11: return "SATA Phy Event Counters log";
1206  //case 0x12: return "SATA NCQ Queue Management log"; // SATA 3.0/3.1
1207  case 0x12: return "SATA NCQ NON-DATA log"; // SATA 3.2
1208  case 0x13: return "SATA NCQ Send and Receive log"; // SATA 3.1
1209  case 0x14: return "SATA Hybrid Information log"; // SATA 3.2
1210  case 0x15: return "SATA Rebuild Assist log"; // SATA 3.2
1211  case 0x16:
1212  case 0x17: return "Reserved for Serial ATA";
1213 
1214  case 0x19: return "LBA Status log"; // ACS-3
1215 
1216  case 0x20: return "Streaming performance log [OBS-8]";
1217  case 0x21: return "Write stream error log";
1218  case 0x22: return "Read stream error log";
1219  case 0x23: return "Delayed sector log [OBS-8]";
1220  case 0x24: return "Current Device Internal Status Data log"; // ACS-3
1221  case 0x25: return "Saved Device Internal Status Data log"; // ACS-3
1222 
1223  case 0x30: return "IDENTIFY DEVICE data log"; // ACS-3
1224 
1225  case 0xe0: return "SCT Command/Status";
1226  case 0xe1: return "SCT Data Transfer";
1227  default:
1228  if (0xa0 <= logaddr && logaddr <= 0xdf)
1229  return "Device vendor specific log";
1230  if (0x80 <= logaddr && logaddr <= 0x9f)
1231  return "Host vendor specific log";
1232  return "Reserved";
1233  }
1234  /*NOTREACHED*/
1235 }
1236 
1237 // Get log access permissions
1238 static const char * get_log_rw(unsigned logaddr)
1239 {
1240  if ( ( logaddr <= 0x08)
1241  || (0x0c <= logaddr && logaddr <= 0x0d)
1242  || (0x0f <= logaddr && logaddr <= 0x14)
1243  || (0x19 == logaddr)
1244  || (0x20 <= logaddr && logaddr <= 0x25)
1245  || (0x30 == logaddr))
1246  return "R/O";
1247 
1248  if ( (0x09 <= logaddr && logaddr <= 0x0a)
1249  || (0x15 == logaddr)
1250  || (0x80 <= logaddr && logaddr <= 0x9f)
1251  || (0xe0 <= logaddr && logaddr <= 0xe1))
1252  return "R/W";
1253 
1254  if (0xa0 <= logaddr && logaddr <= 0xdf)
1255  return "VS"; // Vendor specific
1256 
1257  return "-"; // Unknown/Reserved
1258 }
1259 
1260 // Init a fake log directory, assume that standard logs are supported
1262  const ata_print_options & options)
1263 {
1264  memset(logdir, 0, sizeof(*logdir));
1265  logdir->logversion = 255;
1266  logdir->entry[0x01-1].numsectors = 1;
1267  logdir->entry[0x03-1].numsectors = (options.smart_ext_error_log + (4-1)) / 4;
1268  logdir->entry[0x04-1].numsectors = 8;
1269  logdir->entry[0x06-1].numsectors = 1;
1270  logdir->entry[0x07-1].numsectors = (options.smart_ext_selftest_log + (19-1)) / 19;
1271  logdir->entry[0x09-1].numsectors = 1;
1272  logdir->entry[0x11-1].numsectors = 1;
1273  return logdir;
1274 }
1275 
1276 // Print SMART and/or GP Log Directory
1277 static void PrintLogDirectories(const ata_smart_log_directory * gplogdir,
1278  const ata_smart_log_directory * smartlogdir)
1279 {
1280  if (gplogdir)
1281  pout("General Purpose Log Directory Version %u\n", gplogdir->logversion);
1282  if (smartlogdir)
1283  pout("SMART %sLog Directory Version %u%s\n",
1284  (gplogdir ? " " : ""), smartlogdir->logversion,
1285  (smartlogdir->logversion==1 ? " [multi-sector log support]" : ""));
1286 
1287  pout("Address Access R/W Size Description\n");
1288 
1289  for (unsigned i = 0; i <= 0xff; i++) {
1290  // Get number of sectors
1291  unsigned smart_numsect = GetNumLogSectors(smartlogdir, i, false);
1292  unsigned gp_numsect = GetNumLogSectors(gplogdir , i, true );
1293 
1294  if (!(smart_numsect || gp_numsect))
1295  continue; // Log does not exist
1296 
1297  const char * acc; unsigned size;
1298  if (smart_numsect == gp_numsect) {
1299  acc = "GPL,SL"; size = gp_numsect;
1300  }
1301  else if (!smart_numsect) {
1302  acc = "GPL"; size = gp_numsect;
1303  }
1304  else if (!gp_numsect) {
1305  acc = " SL"; size = smart_numsect;
1306  }
1307  else {
1308  acc = 0; size = 0;
1309  }
1310 
1311  unsigned i2 = i;
1312  if (acc && ((0x80 <= i && i < 0x9f) || (0xa0 <= i && i < 0xdf))) {
1313  // Find range of Host/Device vendor specific logs with same size
1314  unsigned imax = (i < 0x9f ? 0x9f : 0xdf);
1315  for (unsigned j = i+1; j <= imax; j++) {
1316  unsigned sn = GetNumLogSectors(smartlogdir, j, false);
1317  unsigned gn = GetNumLogSectors(gplogdir , j, true );
1318 
1319  if (!(sn == smart_numsect && gn == gp_numsect))
1320  break;
1321  i2 = j;
1322  }
1323  }
1324 
1325  const char * name = GetLogName(i);
1326  const char * rw = get_log_rw(i);
1327 
1328  if (i2 > i) {
1329  pout("0x%02x-0x%02x %-6s %-3s %5u %s\n", i, i2, acc, rw, size, name);
1330  i = i2;
1331  }
1332  else if (acc)
1333  pout( "0x%02x %-6s %-3s %5u %s\n", i, acc, rw, size, name);
1334  else {
1335  // GPL and SL support different sizes
1336  pout( "0x%02x %-6s %-3s %5u %s\n", i, "GPL", rw, gp_numsect, name);
1337  pout( "0x%02x %-6s %-3s %5u %s\n", i, "SL", rw, smart_numsect, name);
1338  }
1339  }
1340  pout("\n");
1341 }
1342 
1343 // Print hexdump of log pages.
1344 // Format is compatible with 'xxd -r'.
1345 static void PrintLogPages(const char * type, const unsigned char * data,
1346  unsigned char logaddr, unsigned page,
1347  unsigned num_pages, unsigned max_pages)
1348 {
1349  pout("%s Log 0x%02x [%s], Page %u-%u (of %u)\n",
1350  type, logaddr, GetLogName(logaddr), page, page+num_pages-1, max_pages);
1351  for (unsigned i = 0; i < num_pages * 512; i += 16) {
1352  const unsigned char * p = data+i;
1353  pout("%07x: %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x "
1354  "%02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x ",
1355  (page * 512) + i,
1356  p[ 0], p[ 1], p[ 2], p[ 3], p[ 4], p[ 5], p[ 6], p[ 7],
1357  p[ 8], p[ 9], p[10], p[11], p[12], p[13], p[14], p[15]);
1358 #define P(n) (' ' <= p[n] && p[n] <= '~' ? (int)p[n] : '.')
1359  pout("|%c%c%c%c%c%c%c%c"
1360  "%c%c%c%c%c%c%c%c|\n",
1361  P( 0), P( 1), P( 2), P( 3), P( 4), P( 5), P( 6), P( 7),
1362  P( 8), P( 9), P(10), P(11), P(12), P(13), P(14), P(15));
1363 #undef P
1364  if ((i & 0x1ff) == 0x1f0)
1365  pout("\n");
1366  }
1367 }
1368 
1369 ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
1370 // Device statistics (Log 0x04)
1371 
1372 // Section A.5 of T13/2161-D (ACS-3) Revision 5, October 28, 2013
1373 // Section 9.5 of T13/BSR INCITS 529 (ACS-4) Revision 08, April 28, 2015
1374 
1376 {
1377  short size; // #bytes of value, -1 for signed char
1378  const char * name;
1379 };
1380 
1382  { 2, "List of supported log pages" },
1383  { 0, 0 }
1384 };
1385 
1387  { 2, "General Statistics" },
1388  { 4, "Lifetime Power-On Resets" },
1389  { 4, "Power-on Hours" },
1390  { 6, "Logical Sectors Written" },
1391  { 6, "Number of Write Commands" },
1392  { 6, "Logical Sectors Read" },
1393  { 6, "Number of Read Commands" },
1394  { 6, "Date and Time TimeStamp" }, // ACS-3
1395  { 4, "Pending Error Count" }, // ACS-4
1396  { 2, "Workload Utilization" }, // ACS-4
1397  { 6, "Utilization Usage Rate" }, // ACS-4 (TODO: field provides 3 values)
1398  { 0, 0 }
1399 };
1400 
1402  { 2, "Free-Fall Statistics" },
1403  { 4, "Number of Free-Fall Events Detected" },
1404  { 4, "Overlimit Shock Events" },
1405  { 0, 0 }
1406 };
1407 
1409  { 2, "Rotating Media Statistics" },
1410  { 4, "Spindle Motor Power-on Hours" },
1411  { 4, "Head Flying Hours" },
1412  { 4, "Head Load Events" },
1413  { 4, "Number of Reallocated Logical Sectors" },
1414  { 4, "Read Recovery Attempts" },
1415  { 4, "Number of Mechanical Start Failures" },
1416  { 4, "Number of Realloc. Candidate Logical Sectors" }, // ACS-3
1417  { 4, "Number of High Priority Unload Events" }, // ACS-3
1418  { 0, 0 }
1419 };
1420 
1422  { 2, "General Errors Statistics" },
1423  { 4, "Number of Reported Uncorrectable Errors" },
1424 //{ 4, "Number of Resets Between Command Acceptance and Command Completion" },
1425  { 4, "Resets Between Cmd Acceptance and Completion" },
1426  { 0, 0 }
1427 };
1428 
1430  { 2, "Temperature Statistics" },
1431  { -1, "Current Temperature" },
1432  { -1, "Average Short Term Temperature" },
1433  { -1, "Average Long Term Temperature" },
1434  { -1, "Highest Temperature" },
1435  { -1, "Lowest Temperature" },
1436  { -1, "Highest Average Short Term Temperature" },
1437  { -1, "Lowest Average Short Term Temperature" },
1438  { -1, "Highest Average Long Term Temperature" },
1439  { -1, "Lowest Average Long Term Temperature" },
1440  { 4, "Time in Over-Temperature" },
1441  { -1, "Specified Maximum Operating Temperature" },
1442  { 4, "Time in Under-Temperature" },
1443  { -1, "Specified Minimum Operating Temperature" },
1444  { 0, 0 }
1445 };
1446 
1448  { 2, "Transport Statistics" },
1449  { 4, "Number of Hardware Resets" },
1450  { 4, "Number of ASR Events" },
1451  { 4, "Number of Interface CRC Errors" },
1452  { 0, 0 }
1453 };
1454 
1456  { 2, "Solid State Device Statistics" },
1457  { 1, "Percentage Used Endurance Indicator" },
1458  { 0, 0 }
1459 };
1460 
1469  devstat_info_0x07
1470 };
1471 
1472 const int num_devstat_infos = sizeof(devstat_infos)/sizeof(devstat_infos[0]);
1473 
1474 static const char * get_device_statistics_page_name(int page)
1475 {
1476  if (page < num_devstat_infos)
1477  return devstat_infos[page][0].name;
1478  if (page == 0xff)
1479  return "Vendor Specific Statistics"; // ACS-4
1480  return "Unknown Statistics";
1481 }
1482 
1483 static void print_device_statistics_page(const unsigned char * data, int page)
1484 {
1485  const devstat_entry_info * info = (page < num_devstat_infos ? devstat_infos[page] : 0);
1486  const char * name = get_device_statistics_page_name(page);
1487 
1488  // Check page number in header
1489  static const char line[] = " ===== = = === == ";
1490  if (!data[2]) {
1491  pout("0x%02x%s%s (empty) ==\n", page, line, name);
1492  return;
1493  }
1494  if (data[2] != page) {
1495  pout("0x%02x%s%s (invalid page 0x%02x in header) ==\n", page, line, name, data[2]);
1496  return;
1497  }
1498 
1499  pout("0x%02x%s%s (rev %d) ==\n", page, line, name, data[0] | (data[1] << 8));
1500 
1501  // Print entries
1502  for (int i = 1, offset = 8; offset < 512-7; i++, offset+=8) {
1503  // Check for last known entry
1504  if (info && !info[i].size)
1505  info = 0;
1506 
1507  // Skip unsupported entries
1508  unsigned char flags = data[offset+7];
1509  if (!(flags & 0x80))
1510  continue;
1511 
1512  // Stop if unknown entries contain garbage data due to buggy firmware
1513  if (!info && (data[offset+5] || data[offset+6])) {
1514  pout("0x%02x 0x%03x - - [Trailing garbage ignored]\n", page, offset);
1515  break;
1516  }
1517 
1518  // Get value size, default to max if unknown
1519  int size = (info ? info[i].size : 7);
1520 
1521  // Format value
1522  char valstr[32];
1523  if (flags & 0x40) { // valid flag
1524  // Get value
1525  int64_t val;
1526  if (size < 0) {
1527  val = (signed char)data[offset];
1528  }
1529  else {
1530  val = 0;
1531  for (int j = 0; j < size; j++)
1532  val |= (int64_t)data[offset+j] << (j*8);
1533  }
1534  snprintf(valstr, sizeof(valstr), "%" PRId64, val);
1535  }
1536  else {
1537  // Value not known (yet)
1538  valstr[0] = '-'; valstr[1] = 0;
1539  }
1540 
1541  pout("0x%02x 0x%03x %d %15s %c%c%c%c %s\n",
1542  page, offset,
1543  abs(size),
1544  valstr,
1545  (flags & 0x20 ? 'N' : '-'), // normalized statistics
1546  (flags & 0x10 ? 'D' : '-'), // supports DSN (ACS-3)
1547  (flags & 0x08 ? 'C' : '-'), // monitored condition met (ACS-3)
1548  (flags & 0x07 ? '+' : ' '), // reserved flags
1549  (info ? info[i].name :
1550  page == 0xff ? "Vendor Specific" // ACS-4
1551  : "Unknown" ));
1552  }
1553 }
1554 
1555 static bool print_device_statistics(ata_device * device, unsigned nsectors,
1556  const std::vector<int> & single_pages, bool all_pages, bool ssd_page,
1557  bool use_gplog)
1558 {
1559  // Read list of supported pages from page 0
1560  unsigned char page_0[512] = {0, };
1561  int rc;
1562 
1563  if (use_gplog)
1564  rc = ataReadLogExt(device, 0x04, 0, 0, page_0, 1);
1565  else
1566  rc = ataReadSmartLog(device, 0x04, page_0, 1);
1567  if (!rc) {
1568  pout("Read Device Statistics page 0x00 failed\n\n");
1569  return false;
1570  }
1571 
1572  unsigned char nentries = page_0[8];
1573  if (!(page_0[2] == 0 && nentries > 0)) {
1574  pout("Device Statistics page 0x00 is invalid (page=0x%02x, nentries=%d)\n\n", page_0[2], nentries);
1575  return false;
1576  }
1577 
1578  // Prepare list of pages to print
1579  std::vector<int> pages;
1580  unsigned i;
1581  if (all_pages) {
1582  // Add all supported pages
1583  for (i = 0; i < nentries; i++) {
1584  int page = page_0[8+1+i];
1585  if (page)
1586  pages.push_back(page);
1587  }
1588  ssd_page = false;
1589  }
1590  // Add manually specified pages
1591  bool print_page_0 = false;
1592  for (i = 0; i < single_pages.size() || ssd_page; i++) {
1593  int page = (i < single_pages.size() ? single_pages[i] : 0x07);
1594  if (!page)
1595  print_page_0 = true;
1596  else if (page >= (int)nsectors)
1597  pout("Device Statistics Log has only 0x%02x pages\n", nsectors);
1598  else
1599  pages.push_back(page);
1600  if (page == 0x07)
1601  ssd_page = false;
1602  }
1603 
1604  // Print list of supported pages if requested
1605  if (print_page_0) {
1606  pout("Device Statistics (%s Log 0x04) supported pages\n",
1607  use_gplog ? "GP" : "SMART");
1608  pout("Page Description\n");
1609  for (i = 0; i < nentries; i++) {
1610  int page = page_0[8+1+i];
1611  pout("0x%02x %s\n", page, get_device_statistics_page_name(page));
1612  }
1613  pout("\n");
1614  }
1615 
1616  // Read & print pages
1617  if (!pages.empty()) {
1618  pout("Device Statistics (%s Log 0x04)\n",
1619  use_gplog ? "GP" : "SMART");
1620  pout("Page Offset Size Value Flags Description\n");
1621  int max_page = 0;
1622 
1623  if (!use_gplog)
1624  for (i = 0; i < pages.size(); i++) {
1625  int page = pages[i];
1626  if (max_page < page && page < 0xff)
1627  max_page = page;
1628  }
1629 
1630  raw_buffer pages_buf((max_page+1) * 512);
1631 
1632  if (!use_gplog && !ataReadSmartLog(device, 0x04, pages_buf.data(), max_page+1)) {
1633  pout("Read Device Statistics pages 0x00-0x%02x failed\n\n", max_page);
1634  return false;
1635  }
1636 
1637  for (i = 0; i < pages.size(); i++) {
1638  int page = pages[i];
1639  if (use_gplog) {
1640  if (!ataReadLogExt(device, 0x04, 0, page, pages_buf.data(), 1)) {
1641  pout("Read Device Statistics page 0x%02x failed\n\n", page);
1642  return false;
1643  }
1644  }
1645  else if (page > max_page)
1646  continue;
1647 
1648  int offset = (use_gplog ? 0 : page * 512);
1649  print_device_statistics_page(pages_buf.data() + offset, page);
1650  }
1651 
1652  pout("%32s|||_ C monitored condition met\n", "");
1653  pout("%32s||__ D supports DSN\n", "");
1654  pout("%32s|___ N normalized value\n\n", "");
1655  }
1656 
1657  return true;
1658 }
1659 
1660 
1661 ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
1662 
1663 // Print log 0x11
1664 static void PrintSataPhyEventCounters(const unsigned char * data, bool reset)
1665 {
1666  if (checksum(data))
1667  checksumwarning("SATA Phy Event Counters");
1668  pout("SATA Phy Event Counters (GP Log 0x11)\n");
1669  if (data[0] || data[1] || data[2] || data[3])
1670  pout("[Reserved: 0x%02x 0x%02x 0x%02x 0x%02x]\n",
1671  data[0], data[1], data[2], data[3]);
1672  pout("ID Size Value Description\n");
1673 
1674  for (unsigned i = 4; ; ) {
1675  // Get counter id and size (bits 14:12)
1676  unsigned id = data[i] | (data[i+1] << 8);
1677  unsigned size = ((id >> 12) & 0x7) << 1;
1678  id &= 0x8fff;
1679 
1680  // End of counter table ?
1681  if (!id)
1682  break;
1683  i += 2;
1684 
1685  if (!(2 <= size && size <= 8 && i + size < 512)) {
1686  pout("0x%04x %u: Invalid entry\n", id, size);
1687  break;
1688  }
1689 
1690  // Get value
1691  uint64_t val = 0, max_val = 0;
1692  for (unsigned j = 0; j < size; j+=2) {
1693  val |= (uint64_t)(data[i+j] | (data[i+j+1] << 8)) << (j*8);
1694  max_val |= (uint64_t)0xffffU << (j*8);
1695  }
1696  i += size;
1697 
1698  // Get name
1699  const char * name;
1700  switch (id) {
1701  case 0x001: name = "Command failed due to ICRC error"; break; // Mandatory
1702  case 0x002: name = "R_ERR response for data FIS"; break;
1703  case 0x003: name = "R_ERR response for device-to-host data FIS"; break;
1704  case 0x004: name = "R_ERR response for host-to-device data FIS"; break;
1705  case 0x005: name = "R_ERR response for non-data FIS"; break;
1706  case 0x006: name = "R_ERR response for device-to-host non-data FIS"; break;
1707  case 0x007: name = "R_ERR response for host-to-device non-data FIS"; break;
1708  case 0x008: name = "Device-to-host non-data FIS retries"; break;
1709  case 0x009: name = "Transition from drive PhyRdy to drive PhyNRdy"; break;
1710  case 0x00A: name = "Device-to-host register FISes sent due to a COMRESET"; break; // Mandatory
1711  case 0x00B: name = "CRC errors within host-to-device FIS"; break;
1712  case 0x00D: name = "Non-CRC errors within host-to-device FIS"; break;
1713  case 0x00F: name = "R_ERR response for host-to-device data FIS, CRC"; break;
1714  case 0x010: name = "R_ERR response for host-to-device data FIS, non-CRC"; break;
1715  case 0x012: name = "R_ERR response for host-to-device non-data FIS, CRC"; break;
1716  case 0x013: name = "R_ERR response for host-to-device non-data FIS, non-CRC"; break;
1717  default: name = (id & 0x8000 ? "Vendor specific" : "Unknown"); break;
1718  }
1719 
1720  // Counters stop at max value, add '+' in this case
1721  pout("0x%04x %u %12" PRIu64 "%c %s\n", id, size, val,
1722  (val == max_val ? '+' : ' '), name);
1723  }
1724  if (reset)
1725  pout("All counters reset\n");
1726  pout("\n");
1727 }
1728 
1729 // Format milliseconds from error log entry as "DAYS+H:M:S.MSEC"
1730 static std::string format_milliseconds(unsigned msec)
1731 {
1732  unsigned days = msec / 86400000U;
1733  msec -= days * 86400000U;
1734  unsigned hours = msec / 3600000U;
1735  msec -= hours * 3600000U;
1736  unsigned min = msec / 60000U;
1737  msec -= min * 60000U;
1738  unsigned sec = msec / 1000U;
1739  msec -= sec * 1000U;
1740 
1741  std::string str;
1742  if (days)
1743  str = strprintf("%2ud+", days);
1744  str += strprintf("%02u:%02u:%02u.%03u", hours, min, sec, msec);
1745  return str;
1746 }
1747 
1748 // Get description for 'state' value from SMART Error Logs
1749 static const char * get_error_log_state_desc(unsigned state)
1750 {
1751  state &= 0x0f;
1752  switch (state){
1753  case 0x0: return "in an unknown state";
1754  case 0x1: return "sleeping";
1755  case 0x2: return "in standby mode";
1756  case 0x3: return "active or idle";
1757  case 0x4: return "doing SMART Offline or Self-test";
1758  default:
1759  return (state < 0xb ? "in a reserved state"
1760  : "in a vendor specific state");
1761  }
1762 }
1763 
1764 // returns number of errors
1766  firmwarebug_defs firmwarebugs)
1767 {
1768  pout("SMART Error Log Version: %d\n", (int)data->revnumber);
1769 
1770  // if no errors logged, return
1771  if (!data->error_log_pointer){
1772  pout("No Errors Logged\n\n");
1773  return 0;
1774  }
1775  print_on();
1776  // If log pointer out of range, return
1777  if (data->error_log_pointer>5){
1778  pout("Invalid Error Log index = 0x%02x (T13/1321D rev 1c "
1779  "Section 8.41.6.8.2.2 gives valid range from 1 to 5)\n\n",
1780  (int)data->error_log_pointer);
1781  return 0;
1782  }
1783 
1784  // Some internal consistency checking of the data structures
1785  if ((data->ata_error_count-data->error_log_pointer) % 5 && !firmwarebugs.is_set(BUG_SAMSUNG2)) {
1786  pout("Warning: ATA error count %d inconsistent with error log pointer %d\n\n",
1787  data->ata_error_count,data->error_log_pointer);
1788  }
1789 
1790  // starting printing error log info
1791  if (data->ata_error_count<=5)
1792  pout( "ATA Error Count: %d\n", (int)data->ata_error_count);
1793  else
1794  pout( "ATA Error Count: %d (device log contains only the most recent five errors)\n",
1795  (int)data->ata_error_count);
1796  print_off();
1797  pout("\tCR = Command Register [HEX]\n"
1798  "\tFR = Features Register [HEX]\n"
1799  "\tSC = Sector Count Register [HEX]\n"
1800  "\tSN = Sector Number Register [HEX]\n"
1801  "\tCL = Cylinder Low Register [HEX]\n"
1802  "\tCH = Cylinder High Register [HEX]\n"
1803  "\tDH = Device/Head Register [HEX]\n"
1804  "\tDC = Device Command Register [HEX]\n"
1805  "\tER = Error register [HEX]\n"
1806  "\tST = Status register [HEX]\n"
1807  "Powered_Up_Time is measured from power on, and printed as\n"
1808  "DDd+hh:mm:SS.sss where DD=days, hh=hours, mm=minutes,\n"
1809  "SS=sec, and sss=millisec. It \"wraps\" after 49.710 days.\n\n");
1810 
1811  // now step through the five error log data structures (table 39 of spec)
1812  for (int k = 4; k >= 0; k-- ) {
1813 
1814  // The error log data structure entries are a circular buffer
1815  int j, i=(data->error_log_pointer+k)%5;
1816  const ata_smart_errorlog_struct * elog = data->errorlog_struct+i;
1817  const ata_smart_errorlog_error_struct * summary = &(elog->error_struct);
1818 
1819  // Spec says: unused error log structures shall be zero filled
1820  if (nonempty(elog, sizeof(*elog))){
1821  // Table 57 of T13/1532D Volume 1 Revision 3
1822  const char *msgstate = get_error_log_state_desc(summary->state);
1823  int days = (int)summary->timestamp/24;
1824 
1825  // See table 42 of ATA5 spec
1826  print_on();
1827  pout("Error %d occurred at disk power-on lifetime: %d hours (%d days + %d hours)\n",
1828  (int)(data->ata_error_count+k-4), (int)summary->timestamp, days, (int)(summary->timestamp-24*days));
1829  print_off();
1830  pout(" When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was %s.\n\n",msgstate);
1831  pout(" After command completion occurred, registers were:\n"
1832  " ER ST SC SN CL CH DH\n"
1833  " -- -- -- -- -- -- --\n"
1834  " %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x",
1835  (int)summary->error_register,
1836  (int)summary->status,
1837  (int)summary->sector_count,
1838  (int)summary->sector_number,
1839  (int)summary->cylinder_low,
1840  (int)summary->cylinder_high,
1841  (int)summary->drive_head);
1842  // Add a description of the contents of the status and error registers
1843  // if possible
1844  std::string st_er_desc = format_st_er_desc(elog);
1845  if (!st_er_desc.empty())
1846  pout(" %s", st_er_desc.c_str());
1847  pout("\n\n");
1848  pout(" Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:\n"
1849  " CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC Powered_Up_Time Command/Feature_Name\n"
1850  " -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ---------------- --------------------\n");
1851  for ( j = 4; j >= 0; j--){
1852  const ata_smart_errorlog_command_struct * thiscommand = elog->commands+j;
1853 
1854  // Spec says: unused data command structures shall be zero filled
1855  if (nonempty(thiscommand, sizeof(*thiscommand))) {
1856  pout(" %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %16s %s\n",
1857  (int)thiscommand->commandreg,
1858  (int)thiscommand->featuresreg,
1859  (int)thiscommand->sector_count,
1860  (int)thiscommand->sector_number,
1861  (int)thiscommand->cylinder_low,
1862  (int)thiscommand->cylinder_high,
1863  (int)thiscommand->drive_head,
1864  (int)thiscommand->devicecontrolreg,
1865  format_milliseconds(thiscommand->timestamp).c_str(),
1866  look_up_ata_command(thiscommand->commandreg, thiscommand->featuresreg));
1867  }
1868  }
1869  pout("\n");
1870  }
1871  }
1872  print_on();
1874  pout("\n");
1875  print_off();
1876  return data->ata_error_count;
1877 }
1878 
1879 // Print SMART Extended Comprehensive Error Log (GP Log 0x03)
1880 static int PrintSmartExtErrorLog(ata_device * device,
1881  const firmwarebug_defs & firmwarebugs,
1882  const ata_smart_exterrlog * log,
1883  unsigned nsectors, unsigned max_errors)
1884 {
1885  pout("SMART Extended Comprehensive Error Log Version: %u (%u sectors)\n",
1886  log->version, nsectors);
1887 
1888  if (!log->device_error_count) {
1889  pout("No Errors Logged\n\n");
1890  return 0;
1891  }
1892  print_on();
1893 
1894  // Check index
1895  unsigned nentries = nsectors * 4;
1896  unsigned erridx = log->error_log_index;
1897  if (!(1 <= erridx && erridx <= nentries)){
1898  // Some Samsung disks (at least SP1614C/SW100-25, HD300LJ/ZT100-12) use the
1899  // former index from Summary Error Log (byte 1, now reserved) and set byte 2-3
1900  // to 0.
1901  if (!(erridx == 0 && 1 <= log->reserved1 && log->reserved1 <= nentries)) {
1902  pout("Invalid Error Log index = 0x%04x (reserved = 0x%02x)\n", erridx, log->reserved1);
1903  return 0;
1904  }
1905  pout("Invalid Error Log index = 0x%04x, trying reserved byte (0x%02x) instead\n", erridx, log->reserved1);
1906  erridx = log->reserved1;
1907  }
1908 
1909  // Index base is not clearly specified by ATA8-ACS (T13/1699-D Revision 6a),
1910  // it is 1-based in practice.
1911  erridx--;
1912 
1913  // Calculate #errors to print
1914  unsigned errcnt = log->device_error_count;
1915 
1916  if (errcnt <= nentries)
1917  pout("Device Error Count: %u\n", log->device_error_count);
1918  else {
1919  errcnt = nentries;
1920  pout("Device Error Count: %u (device log contains only the most recent %u errors)\n",
1921  log->device_error_count, errcnt);
1922  }
1923 
1924  if (max_errors < errcnt)
1925  errcnt = max_errors;
1926 
1927  print_off();
1928  pout("\tCR = Command Register\n"
1929  "\tFEATR = Features Register\n"
1930  "\tCOUNT = Count (was: Sector Count) Register\n"
1931  "\tLBA_48 = Upper bytes of LBA High/Mid/Low Registers ] ATA-8\n"
1932  "\tLH = LBA High (was: Cylinder High) Register ] LBA\n"
1933  "\tLM = LBA Mid (was: Cylinder Low) Register ] Register\n"
1934  "\tLL = LBA Low (was: Sector Number) Register ]\n"
1935  "\tDV = Device (was: Device/Head) Register\n"
1936  "\tDC = Device Control Register\n"
1937  "\tER = Error register\n"
1938  "\tST = Status register\n"
1939  "Powered_Up_Time is measured from power on, and printed as\n"
1940  "DDd+hh:mm:SS.sss where DD=days, hh=hours, mm=minutes,\n"
1941  "SS=sec, and sss=millisec. It \"wraps\" after 49.710 days.\n\n");
1942 
1943  // Recently read log page
1944  ata_smart_exterrlog log_buf;
1945  unsigned log_buf_page = ~0;
1946 
1947  // Iterate through circular buffer in reverse direction
1948  for (unsigned i = 0, errnum = log->device_error_count;
1949  i < errcnt; i++, errnum--, erridx = (erridx > 0 ? erridx - 1 : nentries - 1)) {
1950 
1951  // Read log page if needed
1952  const ata_smart_exterrlog * log_p;
1953  unsigned page = erridx / 4;
1954  if (page == 0)
1955  log_p = log;
1956  else {
1957  if (page != log_buf_page) {
1958  memset(&log_buf, 0, sizeof(log_buf));
1959  if (!ataReadExtErrorLog(device, &log_buf, page, 1, firmwarebugs))
1960  break;
1961  log_buf_page = page;
1962  }
1963  log_p = &log_buf;
1964  }
1965 
1966  const ata_smart_exterrlog_error_log & entry = log_p->error_logs[erridx % 4];
1967 
1968  // Skip unused entries
1969  if (!nonempty(&entry, sizeof(entry))) {
1970  pout("Error %u [%u] log entry is empty\n", errnum, erridx);
1971  continue;
1972  }
1973 
1974  // Print error information
1975  print_on();
1976  const ata_smart_exterrlog_error & err = entry.error;
1977  pout("Error %u [%u] occurred at disk power-on lifetime: %u hours (%u days + %u hours)\n",
1978  errnum, erridx, err.timestamp, err.timestamp / 24, err.timestamp % 24);
1979  print_off();
1980 
1981  pout(" When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was %s.\n\n",
1983 
1984  // Print registers
1985  pout(" After command completion occurred, registers were:\n"
1986  " ER -- ST COUNT LBA_48 LH LM LL DV DC\n"
1987  " -- -- -- == -- == == == -- -- -- -- --\n"
1988  " %02x -- %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x",
1989  err.error_register,
1990  err.status_register,
1991  err.count_register_hi,
1992  err.count_register,
1994  err.lba_mid_register_hi,
1995  err.lba_low_register_hi,
1996  err.lba_high_register,
1997  err.lba_mid_register,
1998  err.lba_low_register,
1999  err.device_register,
2001 
2002  // Add a description of the contents of the status and error registers
2003  // if possible
2004  std::string st_er_desc = format_st_er_desc(&entry);
2005  if (!st_er_desc.empty())
2006  pout(" %s", st_er_desc.c_str());
2007  pout("\n\n");
2008 
2009  // Print command history
2010  pout(" Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:\n"
2011  " CR FEATR COUNT LBA_48 LH LM LL DV DC Powered_Up_Time Command/Feature_Name\n"
2012  " -- == -- == -- == == == -- -- -- -- -- --------------- --------------------\n");
2013  for (int ci = 4; ci >= 0; ci--) {
2014  const ata_smart_exterrlog_command & cmd = entry.commands[ci];
2015 
2016  // Skip unused entries
2017  if (!nonempty(&cmd, sizeof(cmd)))
2018  continue;
2019 
2020  // Print registers, timestamp and ATA command name
2021  pout(" %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %02x %16s %s\n",
2022  cmd.command_register,
2024  cmd.features_register,
2025  cmd.count_register_hi,
2026  cmd.count_register,
2028  cmd.lba_mid_register_hi,
2029  cmd.lba_low_register_hi,
2030  cmd.lba_high_register,
2031  cmd.lba_mid_register,
2032  cmd.lba_low_register,
2033  cmd.device_register,
2035  format_milliseconds(cmd.timestamp).c_str(),
2037  }
2038  pout("\n");
2039  }
2040 
2041  print_on();
2043  pout("\n");
2044  print_off();
2045  return log->device_error_count;
2046 }
2047 
2048 // Print SMART Extended Self-test Log (GP Log 0x07)
2050  unsigned nsectors, unsigned max_entries)
2051 {
2052  pout("SMART Extended Self-test Log Version: %u (%u sectors)\n",
2053  log->version, nsectors);
2054 
2055  if (!log->log_desc_index){
2056  pout("No self-tests have been logged. [To run self-tests, use: smartctl -t]\n\n");
2057  return 0;
2058  }
2059 
2060  // Check index
2061  unsigned nentries = nsectors * 19;
2062  unsigned logidx = log->log_desc_index;
2063  if (logidx > nentries) {
2064  pout("Invalid Self-test Log index = 0x%04x (reserved = 0x%02x)\n", logidx, log->reserved1);
2065  return 0;
2066  }
2067 
2068  // Index base is not clearly specified by ATA8-ACS (T13/1699-D Revision 6a),
2069  // it is 1-based in practice.
2070  logidx--;
2071 
2072  bool print_header = true;
2073  int errcnt = 0, igncnt = 0;
2074  int ext_ok_testnum = -1;
2075 
2076  // Iterate through circular buffer in reverse direction
2077  for (unsigned i = 0, testnum = 1;
2078  i < nentries && testnum <= max_entries;
2079  i++, logidx = (logidx > 0 ? logidx - 1 : nentries - 1)) {
2080 
2081  const ata_smart_extselftestlog_desc & entry = log[logidx / 19].log_descs[logidx % 19];
2082 
2083  // Skip unused entries
2084  if (!nonempty(&entry, sizeof(entry)))
2085  continue;
2086 
2087  // Get LBA
2088  const unsigned char * b = entry.failing_lba;
2089  uint64_t lba48 = b[0]
2090  | ( b[1] << 8)
2091  | ( b[2] << 16)
2092  | ((uint64_t)b[3] << 24)
2093  | ((uint64_t)b[4] << 32)
2094  | ((uint64_t)b[5] << 40);
2095 
2096  // Print entry
2097  int state = ataPrintSmartSelfTestEntry(testnum, entry.self_test_type,
2098  entry.self_test_status, entry.timestamp, lba48,
2099  false /*!print_error_only*/, print_header);
2100 
2101  if (state < 0) {
2102  // Self-test showed an error
2103  if (ext_ok_testnum < 0)
2104  errcnt++;
2105  else
2106  // Newer successful extended self-test exits
2107  igncnt++;
2108  }
2109  else if (state > 0 && ext_ok_testnum < 0) {
2110  // Latest successful extended self-test
2111  ext_ok_testnum = testnum;
2112  }
2113  testnum++;
2114  }
2115 
2116  if (igncnt)
2117  pout("%d of %d failed self-tests are outdated by newer successful extended offline self-test #%2d\n",
2118  igncnt, igncnt+errcnt, ext_ok_testnum);
2119 
2120  pout("\n");
2121  return errcnt;
2122 }
2123 
2125 {
2126  int i,field1,field2;
2127  const char *msg;
2128  char tmp[64];
2129  uint64_t maxl=0,maxr=0;
2130  uint64_t current=log->currentlba;
2131  uint64_t currentend=current+65535;
2132 
2133  // print data structure revision number
2134  pout("SMART Selective self-test log data structure revision number %d\n",(int)log->logversion);
2135  if (1 != log->logversion)
2136  pout("Note: revision number not 1 implies that no selective self-test has ever been run\n");
2137 
2138  switch((sv->self_test_exec_status)>>4){
2139  case 0:msg="Completed";
2140  break;
2141  case 1:msg="Aborted_by_host";
2142  break;
2143  case 2:msg="Interrupted";
2144  break;
2145  case 3:msg="Fatal_error";
2146  break;
2147  case 4:msg="Completed_unknown_failure";
2148  break;
2149  case 5:msg="Completed_electrical_failure";
2150  break;
2151  case 6:msg="Completed_servo/seek_failure";
2152  break;
2153  case 7:msg="Completed_read_failure";
2154  break;
2155  case 8:msg="Completed_handling_damage??";
2156  break;
2157  case 15:msg="Self_test_in_progress";
2158  break;
2159  default:msg="Unknown_status ";
2160  break;
2161  }
2162 
2163  // find the number of columns needed for printing. If in use, the
2164  // start/end of span being read-scanned...
2165  if (log->currentspan>5) {
2166  maxl=current;
2167  maxr=currentend;
2168  }
2169  for (i=0; i<5; i++) {
2170  uint64_t start=log->span[i].start;
2171  uint64_t end =log->span[i].end;
2172  // ... plus max start/end of each of the five test spans.
2173  if (start>maxl)
2174  maxl=start;
2175  if (end > maxr)
2176  maxr=end;
2177  }
2178 
2179  // we need at least 7 characters wide fields to accomodate the
2180  // labels
2181  if ((field1=snprintf(tmp,64, "%" PRIu64, maxl))<7)
2182  field1=7;
2183  if ((field2=snprintf(tmp,64, "%" PRIu64, maxr))<7)
2184  field2=7;
2185 
2186  // now print the five test spans
2187  pout(" SPAN %*s %*s CURRENT_TEST_STATUS\n", field1, "MIN_LBA", field2, "MAX_LBA");
2188 
2189  for (i=0; i<5; i++) {
2190  uint64_t start=log->span[i].start;
2191  uint64_t end=log->span[i].end;
2192 
2193  if ((i+1)==(int)log->currentspan)
2194  // this span is currently under test
2195  pout(" %d %*" PRIu64 " %*" PRIu64 " %s [%01d0%% left] (%" PRIu64 "-%" PRIu64 ")\n",
2196  i+1, field1, start, field2, end, msg,
2197  (int)(sv->self_test_exec_status & 0xf), current, currentend);
2198  else
2199  // this span is not currently under test
2200  pout(" %d %*" PRIu64 " %*" PRIu64 " Not_testing\n",
2201  i+1, field1, start, field2, end);
2202  }
2203 
2204  // if we are currently read-scanning, print LBAs and the status of
2205  // the read scan
2206  if (log->currentspan>5)
2207  pout("%5d %*" PRIu64 " %*" PRIu64 " Read_scanning %s\n",
2208  (int)log->currentspan, field1, current, field2, currentend,
2210 
2211  /* Print selective self-test flags. Possible flag combinations are
2212  (numbering bits from 0-15):
2213  Bit-1 Bit-3 Bit-4
2214  Scan Pending Active
2215  0 * * Don't scan
2216  1 0 0 Will carry out scan after selective test
2217  1 1 0 Waiting to carry out scan after powerup
2218  1 0 1 Currently scanning
2219  1 1 1 Currently scanning
2220  */
2221 
2222  pout("Selective self-test flags (0x%x):\n", (unsigned int)log->flags);
2223  if (log->flags & SELECTIVE_FLAG_DOSCAN) {
2224  if (log->flags & SELECTIVE_FLAG_ACTIVE)
2225  pout(" Currently read-scanning the remainder of the disk.\n");
2226  else if (log->flags & SELECTIVE_FLAG_PENDING)
2227  pout(" Read-scan of remainder of disk interrupted; will resume %d min after power-up.\n",
2228  (int)log->pendingtime);
2229  else
2230  pout(" After scanning selected spans, read-scan remainder of disk.\n");
2231  }
2232  else
2233  pout(" After scanning selected spans, do NOT read-scan remainder of disk.\n");
2234 
2235  // print pending time
2236  pout("If Selective self-test is pending on power-up, resume after %d minute delay.\n",
2237  (int)log->pendingtime);
2238 
2239  return;
2240 }
2241 
2242 // Format SCT Temperature value
2243 static const char * sct_ptemp(signed char x, char (& buf)[20])
2244 {
2245  if (x == -128 /*0x80 = unknown*/)
2246  return " ?";
2247  snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%2d", x);
2248  return buf;
2249 }
2250 
2251 static const char * sct_pbar(int x, char (& buf)[64])
2252 {
2253  if (x <= 19)
2254  x = 0;
2255  else
2256  x -= 19;
2257  bool ov = false;
2258  if (x > 40) {
2259  x = 40; ov = true;
2260  }
2261  if (x > 0) {
2262  memset(buf, '*', x);
2263  if (ov)
2264  buf[x-1] = '+';
2265  buf[x] = 0;
2266  }
2267  else {
2268  buf[0] = '-'; buf[1] = 0;
2269  }
2270  return buf;
2271 }
2272 
2273 static const char * sct_device_state_msg(unsigned char state)
2274 {
2275  switch (state) {
2276  case 0: return "Active";
2277  case 1: return "Stand-by";
2278  case 2: return "Sleep";
2279  case 3: return "DST executing in background";
2280  case 4: return "SMART Off-line Data Collection executing in background";
2281  case 5: return "SCT command executing in background";
2282  default:return "Unknown";
2283  }
2284 }
2285 
2286 // Print SCT Status
2288 {
2289  pout("SCT Status Version: %u\n", sts->format_version);
2290  pout("SCT Version (vendor specific): %u (0x%04x)\n", sts->sct_version, sts->sct_version);
2291  pout("SCT Support Level: %u\n", sts->sct_spec);
2292  pout("Device State: %s (%u)\n",
2294  char buf1[20], buf2[20];
2295  if ( !sts->min_temp && !sts->life_min_temp
2296  && !sts->under_limit_count && !sts->over_limit_count) {
2297  // "Reserved" fields not set, assume "old" format version 2
2298  // Table 11 of T13/1701DT-N (SMART Command Transport) Revision 5, February 2005
2299  // Table 54 of T13/1699-D (ATA8-ACS) Revision 3e, July 2006
2300  pout("Current Temperature: %s Celsius\n",
2301  sct_ptemp(sts->hda_temp, buf1));
2302  pout("Power Cycle Max Temperature: %s Celsius\n",
2303  sct_ptemp(sts->max_temp, buf2));
2304  pout("Lifetime Max Temperature: %s Celsius\n",
2305  sct_ptemp(sts->life_max_temp, buf2));
2306  }
2307  else {
2308  // Assume "new" format version 2 or version 3
2309  // T13/e06152r0-3 (Additional SCT Temperature Statistics), August - October 2006
2310  // Table 60 of T13/1699-D (ATA8-ACS) Revision 3f, December 2006 (format version 2)
2311  // Table 80 of T13/1699-D (ATA8-ACS) Revision 6a, September 2008 (format version 3)
2312  // Table 182 of T13/BSR INCITS 529 (ACS-4) Revision 02a, May 22, 2014 (smart_status field)
2313  pout("Current Temperature: %s Celsius\n",
2314  sct_ptemp(sts->hda_temp, buf1));
2315  pout("Power Cycle Min/Max Temperature: %s/%s Celsius\n",
2316  sct_ptemp(sts->min_temp, buf1), sct_ptemp(sts->max_temp, buf2));
2317  pout("Lifetime Min/Max Temperature: %s/%s Celsius\n",
2318  sct_ptemp(sts->life_min_temp, buf1), sct_ptemp(sts->life_max_temp, buf2));
2319  signed char avg = sts->byte205; // Average Temperature from e06152r0-2, removed in e06152r3
2320  if (0 < avg && sts->life_min_temp <= avg && avg <= sts->life_max_temp)
2321  pout("Lifetime Average Temperature: %2d Celsius\n", avg);
2322  pout("Under/Over Temperature Limit Count: %2u/%u\n",
2323  sts->under_limit_count, sts->over_limit_count);
2324 
2325  if (sts->smart_status) // ACS-4
2326  pout("SMART Status: 0x%04x (%s)\n", sts->smart_status,
2327  (sts->smart_status == 0x2cf4 ? "FAILED" :
2328  sts->smart_status == 0xc24f ? "PASSED" : "Reserved"));
2329 
2330  if (nonempty(sts->vendor_specific, sizeof(sts->vendor_specific))) {
2331  pout("Vendor specific:\n");
2332  for (unsigned i = 0; i < sizeof(sts->vendor_specific); i++)
2333  pout("%02x%c", sts->vendor_specific[i], ((i & 0xf) != 0xf ? ' ' : '\n'));
2334  }
2335  }
2336  return 0;
2337 }
2338 
2339 // Print SCT Temperature History Table
2341 {
2342  char buf1[20], buf2[20], buf3[64];
2343  pout("SCT Temperature History Version: %u%s\n", tmh->format_version,
2344  (tmh->format_version != 2 ? " (Unknown, should be 2)" : ""));
2345  pout("Temperature Sampling Period: %u minute%s\n",
2346  tmh->sampling_period, (tmh->sampling_period==1?"":"s"));
2347  pout("Temperature Logging Interval: %u minute%s\n",
2348  tmh->interval, (tmh->interval==1?"":"s"));
2349  pout("Min/Max recommended Temperature: %s/%s Celsius\n",
2350  sct_ptemp(tmh->min_op_limit, buf1), sct_ptemp(tmh->max_op_limit, buf2));
2351  pout("Min/Max Temperature Limit: %s/%s Celsius\n",
2352  sct_ptemp(tmh->under_limit, buf1), sct_ptemp(tmh->over_limit, buf2));
2353  pout("Temperature History Size (Index): %u (%u)\n", tmh->cb_size, tmh->cb_index);
2354 
2355  if (!(0 < tmh->cb_size && tmh->cb_size <= sizeof(tmh->cb) && tmh->cb_index < tmh->cb_size)) {
2356  if (!tmh->cb_size)
2357  pout("Temperature History is empty\n");
2358  else
2359  pout("Invalid Temperature History Size or Index\n");
2360  return 0;
2361  }
2362 
2363  // Print table
2364  pout("\nIndex Estimated Time Temperature Celsius\n");
2365  unsigned n = 0, i = (tmh->cb_index+1) % tmh->cb_size;
2366  unsigned interval = (tmh->interval > 0 ? tmh->interval : 1);
2367  time_t t = time(0) - (tmh->cb_size-1) * interval * 60;
2368  t -= t % (interval * 60);
2369  while (n < tmh->cb_size) {
2370  // Find range of identical temperatures
2371  unsigned n1 = n, n2 = n+1, i2 = (i+1) % tmh->cb_size;
2372  while (n2 < tmh->cb_size && tmh->cb[i2] == tmh->cb[i]) {
2373  n2++; i2 = (i2+1) % tmh->cb_size;
2374  }
2375  // Print range
2376  while (n < n2) {
2377  if (n == n1 || n == n2-1 || n2 <= n1+3) {
2378  char date[30];
2379  // TODO: Don't print times < boot time
2380  strftime(date, sizeof(date), "%Y-%m-%d %H:%M", localtime(&t));
2381  pout(" %3u %s %s %s\n", i, date,
2382  sct_ptemp(tmh->cb[i], buf1), sct_pbar(tmh->cb[i], buf3));
2383  }
2384  else if (n == n1+1) {
2385  pout(" ... ..(%3u skipped). .. %s\n",
2386  n2-n1-2, sct_pbar(tmh->cb[i], buf3));
2387  }
2388  t += interval * 60; i = (i+1) % tmh->cb_size; n++;
2389  }
2390  }
2391  //assert(n == tmh->cb_size && i == (tmh->cb_index+1) % tmh->cb_size);
2392 
2393  return 0;
2394 }
2395 
2396 // Print SCT Error Recovery Control timers
2397 static void ataPrintSCTErrorRecoveryControl(bool set, unsigned short read_timer, unsigned short write_timer)
2398 {
2399  pout("SCT Error Recovery Control%s:\n", (set ? " set to" : ""));
2400  if (!read_timer)
2401  pout(" Read: Disabled\n");
2402  else
2403  pout(" Read: %6d (%0.1f seconds)\n", read_timer, read_timer/10.0);
2404  if (!write_timer)
2405  pout(" Write: Disabled\n");
2406  else
2407  pout(" Write: %6d (%0.1f seconds)\n", write_timer, write_timer/10.0);
2408 }
2409 
2410 static void print_aam_level(const char * msg, int level, int recommended = -1)
2411 {
2412  // Table 56 of T13/1699-D (ATA8-ACS) Revision 6a, September 6, 2008
2413  // Obsolete since T13/2015-D (ACS-2) Revision 4a, December 9, 2010
2414  const char * s;
2415  if (level == 0)
2416  s = "vendor specific";
2417  else if (level < 128)
2418  s = "unknown/retired";
2419  else if (level == 128)
2420  s = "quiet";
2421  else if (level < 254)
2422  s = "intermediate";
2423  else if (level == 254)
2424  s = "maximum performance";
2425  else
2426  s = "reserved";
2427 
2428  if (recommended >= 0)
2429  pout("%s%d (%s), recommended: %d\n", msg, level, s, recommended);
2430  else
2431  pout("%s%d (%s)\n", msg, level, s);
2432 }
2433 
2434 static void print_apm_level(const char * msg, int level)
2435 {
2436  // Table 120 of T13/2015-D (ACS-2) Revision 7, June 22, 2011
2437  const char * s;
2438  if (!(1 <= level && level <= 254))
2439  s = "reserved";
2440  else if (level == 1)
2441  s = "minimum power consumption with standby";
2442  else if (level < 128)
2443  s = "intermediate level with standby";
2444  else if (level == 128)
2445  s = "minimum power consumption without standby";
2446  else if (level < 254)
2447  s = "intermediate level without standby";
2448  else
2449  s = "maximum performance";
2450 
2451  pout("%s%d (%s)\n", msg, level, s);
2452 }
2453 
2454 static void print_ata_security_status(const char * msg, unsigned short state)
2455 {
2456  const char * s1, * s2 = "", * s3 = "", * s4 = "";
2457 
2458  // Table 6 of T13/2015-D (ACS-2) Revision 7, June 22, 2011
2459  if (!(state & 0x0001))
2460  s1 = "Unavailable";
2461  else if (!(state & 0x0002)) {
2462  s1 = "Disabled, ";
2463  if (!(state & 0x0008))
2464  s2 = "NOT FROZEN [SEC1]";
2465  else
2466  s2 = "frozen [SEC2]";
2467  }
2468  else {
2469  s1 = "ENABLED, PW level ";
2470  if (!(state & 0x0020))
2471  s2 = "HIGH";
2472  else
2473  s2 = "MAX";
2474 
2475  if (!(state & 0x0004)) {
2476  s3 = ", not locked, ";
2477  if (!(state & 0x0008))
2478  s4 = "not frozen [SEC5]";
2479  else
2480  s4 = "frozen [SEC6]";
2481  }
2482  else {
2483  s3 = ", **LOCKED** [SEC4]";
2484  if (state & 0x0010)
2485  s4 = ", PW ATTEMPTS EXCEEDED";
2486  }
2487  }
2488 
2489  pout("%s%s%s%s%s\n", msg, s1, s2, s3, s4);
2490 }
2491 
2492 static void print_standby_timer(const char * msg, int timer, const ata_identify_device & drive)
2493 {
2494  const char * s1 = 0;
2495  int hours = 0, minutes = 0 , seconds = 0;
2496 
2497  // Table 63 of T13/2015-D (ACS-2) Revision 7, June 22, 2011
2498  if (timer == 0)
2499  s1 = "disabled";
2500  else if (timer <= 240)
2501  seconds = timer * 5, minutes = seconds / 60, seconds %= 60;
2502  else if (timer <= 251)
2503  minutes = (timer - 240) * 30, hours = minutes / 60, minutes %= 60;
2504  else if (timer == 252)
2505  minutes = 21;
2506  else if (timer == 253)
2507  s1 = "between 8 hours and 12 hours";
2508  else if (timer == 255)
2509  minutes = 21, seconds = 15;
2510  else
2511  s1 = "reserved";
2512 
2513  const char * s2 = "", * s3 = "";
2514  if (!(drive.words047_079[49-47] & 0x2000))
2515  s2 = " or vendor-specific";
2516  if (timer > 0 && (drive.words047_079[50-47] & 0xc001) == 0x4001)
2517  s3 = ", a vendor-specific minimum applies";
2518 
2519  if (s1)
2520  pout("%s%d (%s%s%s)\n", msg, timer, s1, s2, s3);
2521  else
2522  pout("%s%d (%02d:%02d:%02d%s%s)\n", msg, timer, hours, minutes, seconds, s2, s3);
2523 }
2524 
2525 
2526 int ataPrintMain (ata_device * device, const ata_print_options & options)
2527 {
2528  // If requested, check power mode first
2529  const char * powername = 0;
2530  bool powerchg = false;
2531  if (options.powermode) {
2532  unsigned char powerlimit = 0xff;
2533  int powermode = ataCheckPowerMode(device);
2534  switch (powermode) {
2535  case -1:
2536  if (device->is_syscall_unsup()) {
2537  pout("CHECK POWER MODE not implemented, ignoring -n option\n"); break;
2538  }
2539  powername = "SLEEP"; powerlimit = 2;
2540  break;
2541  case 0:
2542  powername = "STANDBY"; powerlimit = 3; break;
2543  case 0x80:
2544  powername = "IDLE"; powerlimit = 4; break;
2545  case 0xff:
2546  powername = "ACTIVE or IDLE"; break;
2547  default:
2548  pout("CHECK POWER MODE returned unknown value 0x%02x, ignoring -n option\n", powermode);
2549  break;
2550  }
2551  if (powername) {
2552  if (options.powermode >= powerlimit) {
2553  pout("Device is in %s mode, exit(%d)\n", powername, FAILPOWER);
2554  return FAILPOWER;
2555  }
2556  powerchg = (powermode != 0xff); // SMART tests will spin up drives
2557  }
2558  }
2559 
2560  // SMART values needed ?
2561  bool need_smart_val = (
2562  options.smart_check_status
2563  || options.smart_general_values
2564  || options.smart_vendor_attrib
2565  || options.smart_error_log
2566  || options.smart_selftest_log
2567  || options.smart_selective_selftest_log
2568  || options.smart_ext_error_log
2569  || options.smart_ext_selftest_log
2570  || options.smart_auto_offl_enable
2571  || options.smart_auto_offl_disable
2572  || options.smart_selftest_type != -1
2573  );
2574 
2575  // SMART must be enabled ?
2576  bool need_smart_enabled = (
2577  need_smart_val
2578  || options.smart_auto_save_enable
2579  || options.smart_auto_save_disable
2580  );
2581 
2582  // SMART feature set needed ?
2583  bool need_smart_support = (
2584  need_smart_enabled
2585  || options.smart_enable
2586  || options.smart_disable
2587  );
2588 
2589  // SMART and GP log directories needed ?
2590  bool need_smart_logdir = (
2591  options.smart_logdir
2592  || options.devstat_all_pages // devstat fallback to smartlog if needed
2593  || options.devstat_ssd_page
2594  || !options.devstat_pages.empty()
2595  );
2596 
2597  bool need_gp_logdir = (
2598  options.gp_logdir
2599  || options.smart_ext_error_log
2600  || options.smart_ext_selftest_log
2601  || options.devstat_all_pages
2602  || options.devstat_ssd_page
2603  || !options.devstat_pages.empty()
2604  );
2605 
2606  unsigned i;
2607  for (i = 0; i < options.log_requests.size(); i++) {
2608  if (options.log_requests[i].gpl)
2609  need_gp_logdir = true;
2610  else
2611  need_smart_logdir = true;
2612  }
2613 
2614  // SCT commands needed ?
2615  bool need_sct_support = (
2616  options.sct_temp_sts
2617  || options.sct_temp_hist
2618  || options.sct_temp_int
2619  || options.sct_erc_get
2620  || options.sct_erc_set
2621  || options.sct_wcache_reorder_get
2622  || options.sct_wcache_reorder_set
2623  );
2624 
2625  // Exit if no further options specified
2626  if (!( options.drive_info || options.show_presets
2627  || need_smart_support || need_smart_logdir
2628  || need_gp_logdir || need_sct_support
2629  || options.sataphy
2630  || options.identify_word_level >= 0
2631  || options.get_set_used )) {
2632  if (powername)
2633  pout("Device is in %s mode\n", powername);
2634  else
2635  pout("ATA device successfully opened\n\n"
2636  "Use 'smartctl -a' (or '-x') to print SMART (and more) information\n\n");
2637  return 0;
2638  }
2639 
2640  // Start by getting Drive ID information. We need this, to know if SMART is supported.
2641  int returnval = 0;
2642  ata_identify_device drive; memset(&drive, 0, sizeof(drive));
2643  unsigned char raw_drive[sizeof(drive)]; memset(&raw_drive, 0, sizeof(raw_drive));
2644 
2645  device->clear_err();
2646  int retid = ata_read_identity(device, &drive, options.fix_swapped_id, raw_drive);
2647  if (retid < 0) {
2648  pout("Read Device Identity failed: %s\n\n",
2649  (device->get_errno() ? device->get_errmsg() : "Unknown error"));
2650  failuretest(MANDATORY_CMD, returnval|=FAILID);
2651  }
2652  else if (!nonempty(&drive, sizeof(drive))) {
2653  pout("Read Device Identity failed: empty IDENTIFY data\n\n");
2654  failuretest(MANDATORY_CMD, returnval|=FAILID);
2655  }
2656 
2657  // If requested, show which presets would be used for this drive and exit.
2658  if (options.show_presets) {
2659  show_presets(&drive);
2660  return 0;
2661  }
2662 
2663  // Use preset vendor attribute options unless user has requested otherwise.
2664  ata_vendor_attr_defs attribute_defs = options.attribute_defs;
2665  firmwarebug_defs firmwarebugs = options.firmwarebugs;
2666  const drive_settings * dbentry = 0;
2667  if (!options.ignore_presets)
2668  dbentry = lookup_drive_apply_presets(&drive, attribute_defs,
2669  firmwarebugs);
2670 
2671  // Get capacity, sector sizes and rotation rate
2672  ata_size_info sizes;
2673  ata_get_size_info(&drive, sizes);
2674  int rpm = ata_get_rotation_rate(&drive);
2675 
2676  // Print ATA IDENTIFY info if requested
2677  if (options.identify_word_level >= 0) {
2678  pout("=== ATA IDENTIFY DATA ===\n");
2679  // Pass raw data without endianness adjustments
2680  ata_print_identify_data(raw_drive, (options.identify_word_level > 0), options.identify_bit_level);
2681  }
2682 
2683  // Print most drive identity information if requested
2684  if (options.drive_info) {
2685  pout("=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===\n");
2686  print_drive_info(&drive, sizes, rpm, dbentry);
2687  }
2688 
2689  // Check and print SMART support and state
2690  int smart_supported = -1, smart_enabled = -1;
2691  if (need_smart_support || options.drive_info) {
2692 
2693  // Packet device ?
2694  if (retid > 0) {
2695  pout("SMART support is: Unavailable - Packet Interface Devices [this device: %s] don't support ATA SMART\n",
2696  packetdevicetype(retid-1));
2697  }
2698  else {
2699  // Disk device: SMART supported and enabled ?
2700  smart_supported = ataSmartSupport(&drive);
2701  smart_enabled = ataIsSmartEnabled(&drive);
2702 
2703  if (smart_supported < 0)
2704  pout("SMART support is: Ambiguous - ATA IDENTIFY DEVICE words 82-83 don't show if SMART supported.\n");
2705  if (smart_supported && smart_enabled < 0) {
2706  pout("SMART support is: Ambiguous - ATA IDENTIFY DEVICE words 85-87 don't show if SMART is enabled.\n");
2707  if (need_smart_support) {
2708  failuretest(MANDATORY_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
2709  // check SMART support by trying a command
2710  pout(" Checking to be sure by trying SMART RETURN STATUS command.\n");
2711  if (ataDoesSmartWork(device))
2712  smart_supported = smart_enabled = 1;
2713  }
2714  }
2715  else if (smart_supported < 0 && (smart_enabled > 0 || dbentry))
2716  // Assume supported if enabled or in drive database
2717  smart_supported = 1;
2718 
2719  if (smart_supported < 0)
2720  pout("SMART support is: Unknown - Try option -s with argument 'on' to enable it.");
2721  else if (!smart_supported)
2722  pout("SMART support is: Unavailable - device lacks SMART capability.\n");
2723  else {
2724  if (options.drive_info)
2725  pout("SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.\n");
2726  if (smart_enabled >= 0) {
2727  if (device->ata_identify_is_cached()) {
2728  if (options.drive_info)
2729  pout(" %sabled status cached by OS, trying SMART RETURN STATUS cmd.\n",
2730  (smart_enabled?"En":"Dis"));
2731  smart_enabled = ataDoesSmartWork(device);
2732  }
2733  if (options.drive_info)
2734  pout("SMART support is: %s\n",
2735  (smart_enabled ? "Enabled" : "Disabled"));
2736  }
2737  }
2738  }
2739  }
2740 
2741  // Print AAM status
2742  if (options.get_aam) {
2743  if ((drive.command_set_2 & 0xc200) != 0x4200) // word083
2744  pout("AAM feature is: Unavailable\n");
2745  else if (!(drive.word086 & 0x0200))
2746  pout("AAM feature is: Disabled\n");
2747  else
2748  print_aam_level("AAM level is: ", drive.words088_255[94-88] & 0xff,
2749  drive.words088_255[94-88] >> 8);
2750  }
2751 
2752  // Print APM status
2753  if (options.get_apm) {
2754  if ((drive.command_set_2 & 0xc008) != 0x4008) // word083
2755  pout("APM feature is: Unavailable\n");
2756  else if (!(drive.word086 & 0x0008))
2757  pout("APM feature is: Disabled\n");
2758  else
2759  print_apm_level("APM level is: ", drive.words088_255[91-88] & 0xff);
2760  }
2761 
2762  // Print read look-ahead status
2763  if (options.get_lookahead) {
2764  pout("Rd look-ahead is: %s\n",
2765  ( (drive.command_set_2 & 0xc000) != 0x4000 // word083
2766  || !(drive.command_set_1 & 0x0040)) ? "Unavailable" : // word082
2767  !(drive.cfs_enable_1 & 0x0040) ? "Disabled" : "Enabled"); // word085
2768  }
2769 
2770  // Print write cache status
2771  if (options.get_wcache) {
2772  pout("Write cache is: %s\n",
2773  ( (drive.command_set_2 & 0xc000) != 0x4000 // word083
2774  || !(drive.command_set_1 & 0x0020)) ? "Unavailable" : // word082
2775  !(drive.cfs_enable_1 & 0x0020) ? "Disabled" : "Enabled"); // word085
2776  }
2777 
2778  // Print ATA security status
2779  if (options.get_security)
2780  print_ata_security_status("ATA Security is: ", drive.words088_255[128-88]);
2781 
2782  // Print write cache reordering status
2783  if (options.sct_wcache_reorder_get) {
2784  if (isSCTFeatureControlCapable(&drive)) {
2785  int wcache_reorder = ataGetSetSCTWriteCacheReordering(device,
2786  false /*enable*/, false /*persistent*/, false /*set*/);
2787 
2788  if (-1 <= wcache_reorder && wcache_reorder <= 2)
2789  pout("Wt Cache Reorder: %s\n",
2790  (wcache_reorder == -1 ? "Unknown (SCT Feature Control command failed)" :
2791  wcache_reorder == 0 ? "Unknown" : // not defined in standard but returned on some drives if not set
2792  wcache_reorder == 1 ? "Enabled" : "Disabled"));
2793  else
2794  pout("Wt Cache Reorder: Unknown (0x%02x)\n", wcache_reorder);
2795  }
2796  else
2797  pout("Wt Cache Reorder: Unavailable\n");
2798  }
2799 
2800  // Print remaining drive info
2801  if (options.drive_info) {
2802  // Print the (now possibly changed) power mode if available
2803  if (powername)
2804  pout("Power mode %s %s\n", (powerchg?"was:":"is: "), powername);
2805  pout("\n");
2806  }
2807 
2808  // Exit if SMART is not supported but must be available to proceed
2809  if (smart_supported <= 0 && need_smart_support)
2810  failuretest(MANDATORY_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
2811 
2812  // START OF THE ENABLE/DISABLE SECTION OF THE CODE
2813  if ( options.smart_disable || options.smart_enable
2814  || options.smart_auto_save_disable || options.smart_auto_save_enable
2815  || options.smart_auto_offl_disable || options.smart_auto_offl_enable
2816  || options.set_aam || options.set_apm || options.set_lookahead
2817  || options.set_wcache || options.set_security_freeze || options.set_standby
2818  || options.sct_wcache_reorder_set)
2819  pout("=== START OF ENABLE/DISABLE COMMANDS SECTION ===\n");
2820 
2821  // Enable/Disable AAM
2822  if (options.set_aam) {
2823  if (options.set_aam > 0) {
2824  if (!ata_set_features(device, ATA_ENABLE_AAM, options.set_aam-1)) {
2825  pout("AAM enable failed: %s\n", device->get_errmsg());
2826  returnval |= FAILSMART;
2827  }
2828  else
2829  print_aam_level("AAM set to level ", options.set_aam-1);
2830  }
2831  else {
2832  if (!ata_set_features(device, ATA_DISABLE_AAM)) {
2833  pout("AAM disable failed: %s\n", device->get_errmsg());
2834  returnval |= FAILSMART;
2835  }
2836  else
2837  pout("AAM disabled\n");
2838  }
2839  }
2840 
2841  // Enable/Disable APM
2842  if (options.set_apm) {
2843  if (options.set_apm > 0) {
2844  if (!ata_set_features(device, ATA_ENABLE_APM, options.set_apm-1)) {
2845  pout("APM enable failed: %s\n", device->get_errmsg());
2846  returnval |= FAILSMART;
2847  }
2848  else
2849  print_apm_level("APM set to level ", options.set_apm-1);
2850  }
2851  else {
2852  if (!ata_set_features(device, ATA_DISABLE_APM)) {
2853  pout("APM disable failed: %s\n", device->get_errmsg());
2854  returnval |= FAILSMART;
2855  }
2856  else
2857  pout("APM disabled\n");
2858  }
2859  }
2860 
2861  // Enable/Disable read look-ahead
2862  if (options.set_lookahead) {
2863  bool enable = (options.set_lookahead > 0);
2865  pout("Read look-ahead %sable failed: %s\n", (enable ? "en" : "dis"), device->get_errmsg());
2866  returnval |= FAILSMART;
2867  }
2868  else
2869  pout("Read look-ahead %sabled\n", (enable ? "en" : "dis"));
2870  }
2871 
2872  // Enable/Disable write cache
2873  if (options.set_wcache) {
2874  bool enable = (options.set_wcache > 0);
2876  pout("Write cache %sable failed: %s\n", (enable ? "en" : "dis"), device->get_errmsg());
2877  returnval |= FAILSMART;
2878  }
2879  else
2880  pout("Write cache %sabled\n", (enable ? "en" : "dis"));
2881  }
2882 
2883  // Enable/Disable write cache reordering
2884  if (options.sct_wcache_reorder_set) {
2885  bool enable = (options.sct_wcache_reorder_set > 0);
2886  if (!isSCTFeatureControlCapable(&drive))
2887  pout("Write cache reordering %sable failed: SCT Feature Control command not supported\n",
2888  (enable ? "en" : "dis"));
2889  else if (ataGetSetSCTWriteCacheReordering(device,
2890  enable, false /*persistent*/, true /*set*/) < 0) {
2891  pout("Write cache reordering %sable failed: %s\n", (enable ? "en" : "dis"), device->get_errmsg());
2892  returnval |= FAILSMART;
2893  }
2894  else
2895  pout("Write cache reordering %sabled\n", (enable ? "en" : "dis"));
2896  }
2897 
2898  // Freeze ATA security
2899  if (options.set_security_freeze) {
2901  pout("ATA SECURITY FREEZE LOCK failed: %s\n", device->get_errmsg());
2902  returnval |= FAILSMART;
2903  }
2904  else
2905  pout("ATA Security set to frozen mode\n");
2906  }
2907 
2908  // Set standby timer
2909  if (options.set_standby) {
2910  if (!ata_nodata_command(device, ATA_IDLE, options.set_standby-1)) {
2911  pout("ATA IDLE command failed: %s\n", device->get_errmsg());
2912  returnval |= FAILSMART;
2913  }
2914  else
2915  print_standby_timer("Standby timer set to ", options.set_standby-1, drive);
2916  }
2917 
2918  // Enable/Disable SMART commands
2919  if (options.smart_enable) {
2920  if (ataEnableSmart(device)) {
2921  pout("SMART Enable failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
2922  failuretest(MANDATORY_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
2923  }
2924  else {
2925  pout("SMART Enabled.\n");
2926  smart_enabled = 1;
2927  }
2928  }
2929 
2930  // Turn off SMART on device
2931  if (options.smart_disable) {
2932  if (ataDisableSmart(device)) {
2933  pout("SMART Disable failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
2934  failuretest(MANDATORY_CMD,returnval|=FAILSMART);
2935  }
2936  }
2937 
2938  // Exit if SMART is disabled but must be enabled to proceed
2939  if (options.smart_disable || (smart_enabled <= 0 && need_smart_enabled && !is_permissive())) {
2940  pout("SMART Disabled. Use option -s with argument 'on' to enable it.\n");
2941  if (!options.smart_disable)
2942  pout("(override with '-T permissive' option)\n");
2943  return returnval;
2944  }
2945 
2946  // Enable/Disable Auto-save attributes
2947  if (options.smart_auto_save_enable) {
2948  if (ataEnableAutoSave(device)){
2949  pout("SMART Enable Attribute Autosave failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
2950  failuretest(MANDATORY_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
2951  }
2952  else
2953  pout("SMART Attribute Autosave Enabled.\n");
2954  }
2955 
2956  if (options.smart_auto_save_disable) {
2957  if (ataDisableAutoSave(device)){
2958  pout("SMART Disable Attribute Autosave failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
2959  failuretest(MANDATORY_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
2960  }
2961  else
2962  pout("SMART Attribute Autosave Disabled.\n");
2963  }
2964 
2965  // Read SMART values and thresholds if necessary
2966  ata_smart_values smartval; memset(&smartval, 0, sizeof(smartval));
2967  ata_smart_thresholds_pvt smartthres; memset(&smartthres, 0, sizeof(smartthres));
2968  bool smart_val_ok = false, smart_thres_ok = false;
2969 
2970  if (need_smart_val) {
2971  if (ataReadSmartValues(device, &smartval)) {
2972  pout("Read SMART Data failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
2973  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
2974  }
2975  else {
2976  smart_val_ok = true;
2977 
2978  if (options.smart_check_status || options.smart_vendor_attrib) {
2979  if (ataReadSmartThresholds(device, &smartthres)){
2980  pout("Read SMART Thresholds failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
2981  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
2982  }
2983  else
2984  smart_thres_ok = true;
2985  }
2986  }
2987  }
2988 
2989  // Enable/Disable Off-line testing
2990  bool needupdate = false;
2991  if (options.smart_auto_offl_enable) {
2992  if (!isSupportAutomaticTimer(&smartval)){
2993  pout("SMART Automatic Timers not supported\n\n");
2994  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
2995  }
2996  needupdate = smart_val_ok;
2997  if (ataEnableAutoOffline(device)){
2998  pout("SMART Enable Automatic Offline failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
2999  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3000  }
3001  else
3002  pout("SMART Automatic Offline Testing Enabled every four hours.\n");
3003  }
3004 
3005  if (options.smart_auto_offl_disable) {
3006  if (!isSupportAutomaticTimer(&smartval)){
3007  pout("SMART Automatic Timers not supported\n\n");
3008  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3009  }
3010  needupdate = smart_val_ok;
3011  if (ataDisableAutoOffline(device)){
3012  pout("SMART Disable Automatic Offline failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
3013  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3014  }
3015  else
3016  pout("SMART Automatic Offline Testing Disabled.\n");
3017  }
3018 
3019  if (needupdate && ataReadSmartValues(device, &smartval)){
3020  pout("Read SMART Data failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
3021  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3022  smart_val_ok = false;
3023  }
3024 
3025  // all this for a newline!
3026  if ( options.smart_disable || options.smart_enable
3027  || options.smart_auto_save_disable || options.smart_auto_save_enable
3028  || options.smart_auto_offl_disable || options.smart_auto_offl_enable
3029  || options.set_aam || options.set_apm || options.set_lookahead
3030  || options.set_wcache || options.set_security_freeze || options.set_standby
3031  || options.sct_wcache_reorder_set)
3032  pout("\n");
3033 
3034  // START OF READ-ONLY OPTIONS APART FROM -V and -i
3035  if ( options.smart_check_status || options.smart_general_values
3036  || options.smart_vendor_attrib || options.smart_error_log
3037  || options.smart_selftest_log || options.smart_selective_selftest_log
3038  || options.smart_ext_error_log || options.smart_ext_selftest_log
3039  || options.sct_temp_sts || options.sct_temp_hist )
3040  pout("=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===\n");
3041 
3042  // Check SMART status
3043  if (options.smart_check_status) {
3044 
3045  switch (ataSmartStatus2(device)) {
3046 
3047  case 0:
3048  // The case where the disk health is OK
3049  pout("SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED\n");
3050  if (smart_thres_ok && find_failed_attr(&smartval, &smartthres, attribute_defs, 0)) {
3051  if (options.smart_vendor_attrib)
3052  pout("See vendor-specific Attribute list for marginal Attributes.\n\n");
3053  else {
3054  print_on();
3055  pout("Please note the following marginal Attributes:\n");
3056  PrintSmartAttribWithThres(&smartval, &smartthres, attribute_defs, rpm, 2, options.output_format);
3057  }
3058  returnval|=FAILAGE;
3059  }
3060  else
3061  pout("\n");
3062  break;
3063 
3064  case 1:
3065  // The case where the disk health is NOT OK
3066  print_on();
3067  pout("SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: FAILED!\n"
3068  "Drive failure expected in less than 24 hours. SAVE ALL DATA.\n");
3069  print_off();
3070  if (smart_thres_ok && find_failed_attr(&smartval, &smartthres, attribute_defs, 1)) {
3071  returnval|=FAILATTR;
3072  if (options.smart_vendor_attrib)
3073  pout("See vendor-specific Attribute list for failed Attributes.\n\n");
3074  else {
3075  print_on();
3076  pout("Failed Attributes:\n");
3077  PrintSmartAttribWithThres(&smartval, &smartthres, attribute_defs, rpm, 1, options.output_format);
3078  }
3079  }
3080  else
3081  pout("No failed Attributes found.\n\n");
3082  returnval|=FAILSTATUS;
3083  print_off();
3084  break;
3085 
3086  case -1:
3087  default:
3088  // Something went wrong with the SMART STATUS command.
3089  // The ATA SMART RETURN STATUS command provides the result in the ATA output
3090  // registers. Buggy ATA/SATA drivers and SAT Layers often do not properly
3091  // return the registers values.
3092  pout("SMART Status %s: %s\n",
3093  (device->is_syscall_unsup() ? "not supported" : "command failed"),
3094  device->get_errmsg());
3095  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3096 
3097  if (!(smart_val_ok && smart_thres_ok)) {
3098  print_on();
3099  pout("SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: UNKNOWN!\n"
3100  "SMART Status, Attributes and Thresholds cannot be read.\n\n");
3101  }
3102  else if (find_failed_attr(&smartval, &smartthres, attribute_defs, 1)) {
3103  print_on();
3104  pout("SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: FAILED!\n"
3105  "Drive failure expected in less than 24 hours. SAVE ALL DATA.\n");
3106  pout("Warning: This result is based on an Attribute check.\n");
3107  print_off();
3108  returnval|=FAILATTR;
3109  returnval|=FAILSTATUS;
3110  if (options.smart_vendor_attrib)
3111  pout("See vendor-specific Attribute list for failed Attributes.\n\n");
3112  else {
3113  print_on();
3114  pout("Failed Attributes:\n");
3115  PrintSmartAttribWithThres(&smartval, &smartthres, attribute_defs, rpm, 1, options.output_format);
3116  }
3117  }
3118  else {
3119  pout("SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED\n");
3120  pout("Warning: This result is based on an Attribute check.\n");
3121  if (find_failed_attr(&smartval, &smartthres, attribute_defs, 0)) {
3122  if (options.smart_vendor_attrib)
3123  pout("See vendor-specific Attribute list for marginal Attributes.\n\n");
3124  else {
3125  print_on();
3126  pout("Please note the following marginal Attributes:\n");
3127  PrintSmartAttribWithThres(&smartval, &smartthres, attribute_defs, rpm, 2, options.output_format);
3128  }
3129  returnval|=FAILAGE;
3130  }
3131  else
3132  pout("\n");
3133  }
3134  print_off();
3135  break;
3136  } // end of switch statement
3137 
3138  print_off();
3139  } // end of checking SMART Status
3140 
3141  // Print general SMART values
3142  if (smart_val_ok && options.smart_general_values)
3143  PrintGeneralSmartValues(&smartval, &drive, firmwarebugs);
3144 
3145  // Print vendor-specific attributes
3146  if (smart_val_ok && options.smart_vendor_attrib) {
3147  print_on();
3148  PrintSmartAttribWithThres(&smartval, &smartthres, attribute_defs, rpm,
3149  (printing_is_switchable ? 2 : 0), options.output_format);
3150  print_off();
3151  }
3152 
3153  // If GP Log is supported use smart log directory for
3154  // error and selftest log support check.
3155  if ( isGeneralPurposeLoggingCapable(&drive)
3156  && ( options.smart_error_log || options.smart_selftest_log
3157  || options.retry_error_log || options.retry_selftest_log))
3158  need_smart_logdir = true;
3159 
3160  ata_smart_log_directory smartlogdir_buf, gplogdir_buf;
3161  const ata_smart_log_directory * smartlogdir = 0, * gplogdir = 0;
3162 
3163  // Read SMART Log directory
3164  if (need_smart_logdir) {
3165  if (firmwarebugs.is_set(BUG_NOLOGDIR))
3166  smartlogdir = fake_logdir(&smartlogdir_buf, options);
3167  else if (ataReadLogDirectory(device, &smartlogdir_buf, false)) {
3168  pout("Read SMART Log Directory failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
3169  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3170  }
3171  else
3172  smartlogdir = &smartlogdir_buf;
3173  }
3174 
3175  // Read GP Log directory
3176  if (need_gp_logdir) {
3177  if (firmwarebugs.is_set(BUG_NOLOGDIR))
3178  gplogdir = fake_logdir(&gplogdir_buf, options);
3179  else if (ataReadLogDirectory(device, &gplogdir_buf, true)) {
3180  pout("Read GP Log Directory failed\n\n");
3181  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3182  }
3183  else
3184  gplogdir = &gplogdir_buf;
3185  }
3186 
3187  // Print log directories
3188  if ((options.gp_logdir && gplogdir) || (options.smart_logdir && smartlogdir)) {
3189  if (firmwarebugs.is_set(BUG_NOLOGDIR))
3190  pout("Log Directories not read due to '-F nologdir' option\n\n");
3191  else
3192  PrintLogDirectories(gplogdir, smartlogdir);
3193  }
3194 
3195  // Print log pages
3196  for (i = 0; i < options.log_requests.size(); i++) {
3197  const ata_log_request & req = options.log_requests[i];
3198 
3199  const char * type;
3200  unsigned max_nsectors;
3201  if (req.gpl) {
3202  type = "General Purpose";
3203  max_nsectors = GetNumLogSectors(gplogdir, req.logaddr, true);
3204  }
3205  else {
3206  type = "SMART";
3207  max_nsectors = GetNumLogSectors(smartlogdir, req.logaddr, false);
3208  }
3209 
3210  if (!max_nsectors) {
3211  if (!is_permissive()) {
3212  pout("%s Log 0x%02x does not exist (override with '-T permissive' option)\n", type, req.logaddr);
3213  continue;
3214  }
3215  max_nsectors = req.page+1;
3216  }
3217  if (max_nsectors <= req.page) {
3218  pout("%s Log 0x%02x has only %u sectors, output skipped\n", type, req.logaddr, max_nsectors);
3219  continue;
3220  }
3221 
3222  unsigned ns = req.nsectors;
3223  if (ns > max_nsectors - req.page) {
3224  if (req.nsectors != ~0U) // "FIRST-max"
3225  pout("%s Log 0x%02x has only %u sectors, output truncated\n", type, req.logaddr, max_nsectors);
3226  ns = max_nsectors - req.page;
3227  }
3228 
3229  // SMART log don't support sector offset, start with first sector
3230  unsigned offs = (req.gpl ? 0 : req.page);
3231 
3232  raw_buffer log_buf((offs + ns) * 512);
3233  bool ok;
3234  if (req.gpl)
3235  ok = ataReadLogExt(device, req.logaddr, 0x00, req.page, log_buf.data(), ns);
3236  else
3237  ok = ataReadSmartLog(device, req.logaddr, log_buf.data(), offs + ns);
3238  if (!ok)
3239  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3240  else
3241  PrintLogPages(type, log_buf.data() + offs*512, req.logaddr, req.page, ns, max_nsectors);
3242  }
3243 
3244  // Print SMART Extendend Comprehensive Error Log
3245  bool do_smart_error_log = options.smart_error_log;
3246  if (options.smart_ext_error_log) {
3247  bool ok = false;
3248  unsigned nsectors = GetNumLogSectors(gplogdir, 0x03, true);
3249  if (!nsectors)
3250  pout("SMART Extended Comprehensive Error Log (GP Log 0x03) not supported\n\n");
3251  else {
3252  // Read only first sector to get error count and index
3253  // Print function will read more sectors as needed
3254  ata_smart_exterrlog log_03; memset(&log_03, 0, sizeof(log_03));
3255  if (!ataReadExtErrorLog(device, &log_03, 0, 1, firmwarebugs)) {
3256  pout("Read SMART Extended Comprehensive Error Log failed\n\n");
3257  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3258  }
3259  else {
3260  if (PrintSmartExtErrorLog(device, firmwarebugs, &log_03, nsectors, options.smart_ext_error_log))
3261  returnval |= FAILERR;
3262  ok = true;
3263  }
3264  }
3265 
3266  if (!ok) {
3267  if (options.retry_error_log)
3268  do_smart_error_log = true;
3269  else if (!do_smart_error_log)
3270  pout("Try '-l [xerror,]error' to read traditional SMART Error Log\n");
3271  }
3272  }
3273 
3274  // Print SMART error log
3275  if (do_smart_error_log) {
3276  if (!( ( smartlogdir && GetNumLogSectors(smartlogdir, 0x01, false))
3277  || (!smartlogdir && isSmartErrorLogCapable(&smartval, &drive) )
3278  || is_permissive() )) {
3279  pout("SMART Error Log not supported\n\n");
3280  }
3281  else {
3282  ata_smart_errorlog smarterror; memset(&smarterror, 0, sizeof(smarterror));
3283  if (ataReadErrorLog(device, &smarterror, firmwarebugs)) {
3284  pout("Read SMART Error Log failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
3285  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3286  }
3287  else {
3288  // quiet mode is turned on inside PrintSmartErrorLog()
3289  if (PrintSmartErrorlog(&smarterror, firmwarebugs))
3290  returnval|=FAILERR;
3291  print_off();
3292  }
3293  }
3294  }
3295 
3296  // Print SMART Extendend Self-test Log
3297  bool do_smart_selftest_log = options.smart_selftest_log;
3298  if (options.smart_ext_selftest_log) {
3299  bool ok = false;
3300  unsigned nsectors = GetNumLogSectors(gplogdir, 0x07, true);
3301  if (!nsectors)
3302  pout("SMART Extended Self-test Log (GP Log 0x07) not supported\n\n");
3303  else if (nsectors >= 256)
3304  pout("SMART Extended Self-test Log size %u not supported\n\n", nsectors);
3305  else {
3306  raw_buffer log_07_buf(nsectors * 512);
3307  ata_smart_extselftestlog * log_07 = (ata_smart_extselftestlog *)log_07_buf.data();
3308  if (!ataReadExtSelfTestLog(device, log_07, nsectors)) {
3309  pout("Read SMART Extended Self-test Log failed\n\n");
3310  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3311  }
3312  else {
3313  if (PrintSmartExtSelfTestLog(log_07, nsectors, options.smart_ext_selftest_log))
3314  returnval |= FAILLOG;
3315  ok = true;
3316  }
3317  }
3318 
3319  if (!ok) {
3320  if (options.retry_selftest_log)
3321  do_smart_selftest_log = true;
3322  else if (!do_smart_selftest_log)
3323  pout("Try '-l [xselftest,]selftest' to read traditional SMART Self Test Log\n");
3324  }
3325  }
3326 
3327  // Print SMART self-test log
3328  if (do_smart_selftest_log) {
3329  if (!( ( smartlogdir && GetNumLogSectors(smartlogdir, 0x06, false))
3330  || (!smartlogdir && isSmartTestLogCapable(&smartval, &drive) )
3331  || is_permissive() )) {
3332  pout("SMART Self-test Log not supported\n\n");
3333  }
3334  else {
3335  ata_smart_selftestlog smartselftest; memset(&smartselftest, 0, sizeof(smartselftest));
3336  if (ataReadSelfTestLog(device, &smartselftest, firmwarebugs)) {
3337  pout("Read SMART Self-test Log failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
3338  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3339  }
3340  else {
3341  print_on();
3342  if (ataPrintSmartSelfTestlog(&smartselftest, !printing_is_switchable, firmwarebugs))
3343  returnval |= FAILLOG;
3344  print_off();
3345  pout("\n");
3346  }
3347  }
3348  }
3349 
3350  // Print SMART selective self-test log
3351  if (options.smart_selective_selftest_log) {
3353 
3354  if (!isSupportSelectiveSelfTest(&smartval))
3355  pout("Selective Self-tests/Logging not supported\n\n");
3356  else if(ataReadSelectiveSelfTestLog(device, &log)) {
3357  pout("Read SMART Selective Self-test Log failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
3358  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3359  }
3360  else {
3361  print_on();
3362  // If any errors were found, they are logged in the SMART Self-test log.
3363  // So there is no need to print the Selective Self Test log in silent
3364  // mode.
3366  ataPrintSelectiveSelfTestLog(&log, &smartval);
3367  print_off();
3368  pout("\n");
3369  }
3370  }
3371 
3372  // Check if SCT commands available
3373  bool sct_ok = isSCTCapable(&drive);
3374  if(!sct_ok && (options.sct_temp_sts || options.sct_temp_hist || options.sct_temp_int
3375  || options.sct_erc_get || options.sct_erc_set ))
3376  pout("SCT Commands not supported\n\n");
3377 
3378  // Print SCT status and temperature history table
3379  if (sct_ok && (options.sct_temp_sts || options.sct_temp_hist || options.sct_temp_int)) {
3380  for (;;) {
3381  bool sct_temp_hist_ok = isSCTDataTableCapable(&drive);
3383 
3384  if (options.sct_temp_sts || (options.sct_temp_hist && sct_temp_hist_ok)) {
3385  // Read SCT status
3386  if (ataReadSCTStatus(device, &sts)) {
3387  pout("\n");
3388  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3389  break;
3390  }
3391  if (options.sct_temp_sts) {
3392  ataPrintSCTStatus(&sts);
3393  pout("\n");
3394  }
3395  }
3396 
3397  if (!sct_temp_hist_ok && (options.sct_temp_hist || options.sct_temp_int)) {
3398  pout("SCT Data Table command not supported\n\n");
3399  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3400  break;
3401  }
3402 
3403  if (options.sct_temp_hist) {
3404  // Read SCT temperature history,
3405  // requires initial SCT status from above
3407  if (ataReadSCTTempHist(device, &tmh, &sts)) {
3408  pout("Read SCT Temperature History failed\n\n");
3409  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3410  break;
3411  }
3412  ataPrintSCTTempHist(&tmh);
3413  pout("\n");
3414  }
3415 
3416  if (options.sct_temp_int) {
3417  // Set new temperature logging interval
3418  if (!isSCTFeatureControlCapable(&drive)) {
3419  pout("SCT Feature Control command not supported\n\n");
3420  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3421  break;
3422  }
3423  if (ataSetSCTTempInterval(device, options.sct_temp_int, options.sct_temp_int_pers)) {
3424  pout("Write Temperature Logging Interval failed\n\n");
3425  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3426  break;
3427  }
3428  pout("Temperature Logging Interval set to %u minute%s (%s)\n",
3429  options.sct_temp_int, (options.sct_temp_int == 1 ? "" : "s"),
3430  (options.sct_temp_int_pers ? "persistent" : "volatile"));
3431  }
3432  break;
3433  }
3434  }
3435 
3436  // SCT Error Recovery Control
3437  if (sct_ok && (options.sct_erc_get || options.sct_erc_set)) {
3438  if (!isSCTErrorRecoveryControlCapable(&drive)) {
3439  pout("SCT Error Recovery Control command not supported\n\n");
3440  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3441  }
3442  else {
3443  bool sct_erc_get = options.sct_erc_get;
3444  if (options.sct_erc_set) {
3445  // Set SCT Error Recovery Control
3446  if ( ataSetSCTErrorRecoveryControltime(device, 1, options.sct_erc_readtime )
3447  || ataSetSCTErrorRecoveryControltime(device, 2, options.sct_erc_writetime)) {
3448  pout("SCT (Set) Error Recovery Control command failed\n");
3449  if (!( (options.sct_erc_readtime == 70 && options.sct_erc_writetime == 70)
3450  || (options.sct_erc_readtime == 0 && options.sct_erc_writetime == 0)))
3451  pout("Retry with: 'scterc,70,70' to enable ERC or 'scterc,0,0' to disable\n");
3452  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3453  sct_erc_get = false;
3454  }
3455  else if (!sct_erc_get)
3457  options.sct_erc_writetime);
3458  }
3459 
3460  if (sct_erc_get) {
3461  // Print SCT Error Recovery Control
3462  unsigned short read_timer, write_timer;
3463  if ( ataGetSCTErrorRecoveryControltime(device, 1, read_timer )
3464  || ataGetSCTErrorRecoveryControltime(device, 2, write_timer)) {
3465  pout("SCT (Get) Error Recovery Control command failed\n");
3466  if (options.sct_erc_set) {
3467  pout("The previous SCT (Set) Error Recovery Control command succeeded\n");
3469  options.sct_erc_writetime);
3470  }
3471  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3472  }
3473  else
3474  ataPrintSCTErrorRecoveryControl(false, read_timer, write_timer);
3475  }
3476  pout("\n");
3477  }
3478  }
3479 
3480  // Print Device Statistics
3481  if (options.devstat_all_pages || options.devstat_ssd_page || !options.devstat_pages.empty()) {
3482  bool use_gplog = true;
3483  unsigned nsectors = 0;
3484  if (gplogdir)
3485  nsectors = GetNumLogSectors(gplogdir, 0x04, false);
3486  else if (smartlogdir){ // for systems without ATA_READ_LOG_EXT
3487  nsectors = GetNumLogSectors(smartlogdir, 0x04, false);
3488  use_gplog = false;
3489  }
3490  if (!nsectors)
3491  pout("Device Statistics (GP/SMART Log 0x04) not supported\n\n");
3492  else if (!print_device_statistics(device, nsectors, options.devstat_pages,
3493  options.devstat_all_pages, options.devstat_ssd_page, use_gplog))
3494  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3495  }
3496 
3497  // Print SATA Phy Event Counters
3498  if (options.sataphy) {
3499  unsigned nsectors = GetNumLogSectors(gplogdir, 0x11, true);
3500  // Packet interface devices do not provide a log directory, check support bit
3501  if (!nsectors && (drive.words047_079[76-47] & 0x0401) == 0x0400)
3502  nsectors = 1;
3503  if (!nsectors)
3504  pout("SATA Phy Event Counters (GP Log 0x11) not supported\n\n");
3505  else if (nsectors != 1)
3506  pout("SATA Phy Event Counters with %u sectors not supported\n\n", nsectors);
3507  else {
3508  unsigned char log_11[512] = {0, };
3509  unsigned char features = (options.sataphy_reset ? 0x01 : 0x00);
3510  if (!ataReadLogExt(device, 0x11, features, 0, log_11, 1)) {
3511  pout("Read SATA Phy Event Counters failed\n\n");
3512  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3513  }
3514  else
3515  PrintSataPhyEventCounters(log_11, options.sataphy_reset);
3516  }
3517  }
3518 
3519  // Set to standby (spindown) mode
3520  // (Above commands may spinup drive)
3521  if (options.set_standby_now) {
3522  if (!ata_nodata_command(device, ATA_STANDBY_IMMEDIATE)) {
3523  pout("ATA STANDBY IMMEDIATE command failed: %s\n", device->get_errmsg());
3524  returnval |= FAILSMART;
3525  }
3526  else
3527  pout("Device placed in STANDBY mode\n");
3528  }
3529 
3530  // START OF THE TESTING SECTION OF THE CODE. IF NO TESTING, RETURN
3531  if (!smart_val_ok || options.smart_selftest_type == -1)
3532  return returnval;
3533 
3534  pout("=== START OF OFFLINE IMMEDIATE AND SELF-TEST SECTION ===\n");
3535  // if doing a self-test, be sure it's supported by the hardware
3536  switch (options.smart_selftest_type) {
3537  case OFFLINE_FULL_SCAN:
3538  if (!isSupportExecuteOfflineImmediate(&smartval)){
3539  pout("Execute Offline Immediate function not supported\n\n");
3540  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3541  }
3542  break;
3543  case ABORT_SELF_TEST:
3544  case SHORT_SELF_TEST:
3545  case EXTEND_SELF_TEST:
3548  if (!isSupportSelfTest(&smartval)){
3549  pout("Self-test functions not supported\n\n");
3550  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3551  }
3552  break;
3553  case CONVEYANCE_SELF_TEST:
3555  if (!isSupportConveyanceSelfTest(&smartval)){
3556  pout("Conveyance Self-test functions not supported\n\n");
3557  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3558  }
3559  break;
3560  case SELECTIVE_SELF_TEST:
3562  if (!isSupportSelectiveSelfTest(&smartval)){
3563  pout("Selective Self-test functions not supported\n\n");
3564  failuretest(MANDATORY_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3565  }
3566  break;
3567  default:
3568  break; // Vendor specific type
3569  }
3570 
3571  // Now do the test. Note ataSmartTest prints its own error/success
3572  // messages
3573  if (ataSmartTest(device, options.smart_selftest_type, options.smart_selftest_force,
3574  options.smart_selective_args, &smartval, sizes.sectors ))
3575  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3576  else {
3577  // Tell user how long test will take to complete. This is tricky
3578  // because in the case of an Offline Full Scan, the completion
3579  // timer is volatile, and needs to be read AFTER the command is
3580  // given. If this will interrupt the Offline Full Scan, we don't
3581  // do it, just warn user.
3582  if (options.smart_selftest_type == OFFLINE_FULL_SCAN) {
3583  if (isSupportOfflineAbort(&smartval))
3584  pout("Note: giving further SMART commands will abort Offline testing\n");
3585  else if (ataReadSmartValues(device, &smartval)){
3586  pout("Read SMART Data failed: %s\n\n", device->get_errmsg());
3587  failuretest(OPTIONAL_CMD, returnval|=FAILSMART);
3588  }
3589  }
3590 
3591  // Now say how long the test will take to complete
3592  int timewait = TestTime(&smartval, options.smart_selftest_type);
3593  if (timewait) {
3594  time_t t=time(NULL);
3595  if (options.smart_selftest_type == OFFLINE_FULL_SCAN) {
3596  t+=timewait;
3597  pout("Please wait %d seconds for test to complete.\n", (int)timewait);
3598  } else {
3599  t+=timewait*60;
3600  pout("Please wait %d minutes for test to complete.\n", (int)timewait);
3601  }
3602  pout("Test will complete after %s\n", ctime(&t));
3603 
3608  pout("Use smartctl -X to abort test.\n");
3609  }
3610  }
3611 
3612  return returnval;
3613 }
#define CONVEYANCE_CAPTIVE_SELF_TEST
Definition: atacmds.h:119
unsigned short minor_rev_num
Definition: atacmds.h:137
unsigned char self_test_status
Definition: atacmds.h:444
unsigned char errorlog_capability
Definition: atacmds.h:221
int isSupportSelectiveSelfTest(const ata_smart_values *data)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1807
#define PRIu64
Definition: int64.h:76
int ataIsSmartEnabled(const ata_identify_device *drive)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:958
unsigned short words047_079[33]
Definition: atacmds.h:135
const char * packetdevicetype(int type)
Definition: utility.cpp:257
const drive_settings * lookup_drive_apply_presets(const ata_identify_device *drive, ata_vendor_attr_defs &defs, firmwarebug_defs &firmwarebugs)
u16 s[6]
Definition: megaraid.h:97
const devstat_entry_info devstat_info_0x06[]
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1447
static const char * get_log_rw(unsigned logaddr)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1238
static void PrintSmartOfflineStatus(const ata_smart_values *data)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:764
bool ataReadExtErrorLog(ata_device *device, ata_smart_exterrlog *log, unsigned page, unsigned nsectors, firmwarebug_defs firmwarebugs)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1468
unsigned page
Definition: ataprint.h:37
unsigned phy_sector_size
Definition: atacmds.h:990
static void PrintLogPages(const char *type, const unsigned char *data, unsigned char logaddr, unsigned page, unsigned num_pages, unsigned max_pages)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1345
uint64_t end
Definition: atacmds.h:491
#define NUMBER_ATA_SMART_ATTRIBUTES
Definition: atacmds.h:124
u32 size
Definition: megaraid.h:79
ata_vendor_attr_defs attribute_defs
Definition: ataprint.h:90
unsigned char reserved1
Definition: atacmds.h:459
std::string ata_get_smart_attr_name(unsigned char id, const ata_vendor_attr_defs &defs, int rpm)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:2360
static void PrintSmartAttribWithThres(const ata_smart_values *data, const ata_smart_thresholds_pvt *thresholds, const ata_vendor_attr_defs &defs, int rpm, int onlyfailed, unsigned char format)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1008
int isSupportExecuteOfflineImmediate(const ata_smart_values *data)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1777
unsigned char features_register
Definition: atacmds.h:335
firmwarebug_defs firmwarebugs
Definition: ataprint.h:87
struct test_span span[5]
Definition: atacmds.h:499
unsigned char checksum(const void *data)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:703
static const char * get_sata_curspeed(const ata_identify_device *drive)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:583
#define ATA_ENABLE_APM
Definition: atacmds.h:86
unsigned char current
Definition: atacmds.h:156
unsigned short currentspan
Definition: atacmds.h:503
bool smart_error_log
Definition: ataprint.h:53
bool sct_wcache_reorder_get
Definition: ataprint.h:109
int get_errno() const
Get last error number.
ata_smart_exterrlog_error error
Definition: atacmds.h:385
const char * warningmsg
Definition: knowndrives.h:30
int smart_selftest_type
Definition: ataprint.h:77
static const char * get_error_log_state_desc(unsigned state)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1749
#define FAILERR
Definition: smartctl.h:59
unsigned char self_test_type
Definition: atacmds.h:443
void dateandtimezone(char *buffer)
Definition: utility.cpp:337
bool str_starts_with(const char *str, const char *prefix)
Definition: utility.h:57
unsigned short format_version
Definition: atacmds.h:528
int ata_read_identity(ata_device *device, ata_identify_device *buf, bool fix_swapped_id, unsigned char *raw_buf)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:818
unsigned short int ata_error_count
Definition: atacmds.h:316
#define ATA_DISABLE_READ_LOOK_AHEAD
Definition: atacmds.h:84
const devstat_entry_info devstat_info_0x00[]
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1381
unsigned char device_state
Definition: atacmds.h:532
unsigned char lba_mid_register_hi
Definition: atacmds.h:366
unsigned short smart_status
Definition: atacmds.h:548
unsigned char lba_low_register_hi
Definition: atacmds.h:340
unsigned short error_log_index
Definition: atacmds.h:397
static const char * get_sata_speed(int level)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:560
static int PrintSmartExtErrorLog(ata_device *device, const firmwarebug_defs &firmwarebugs, const ata_smart_exterrlog *log, unsigned nsectors, unsigned max_errors)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1880
unsigned short word086
Definition: atacmds.h:142
ata_smart_exterrlog_error_log error_logs[4]
Definition: atacmds.h:398
static const char * get_ata_major_version(const ata_identify_device *drive)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:441
int ataReadSelectiveSelfTestLog(ata_device *device, struct ata_selective_self_test_log *data)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1161
bool smart_selective_selftest_log
Definition: ataprint.h:55
int TestTime(const ata_smart_values *data, int testtype)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1677
bool smart_disable
Definition: ataprint.h:73
unsigned char device_control_register
Definition: atacmds.h:334
bool sct_temp_hist
Definition: ataprint.h:67
void ata_get_size_info(const ata_identify_device *id, ata_size_info &sizes)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:645
#define ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_ONLINE(x)
Definition: atacmds.h:188
unsigned char lba_high_register_hi
Definition: atacmds.h:368
int identify_bit_level
Definition: ataprint.h:49
#define ATA_DISABLE_AAM
Definition: atacmds.h:81
static const char * GetLogName(unsigned logaddr)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1183
#define FAILAGE
Definition: smartctl.h:56
struct ata_smart_log_entry entry[255]
Definition: atacmds.h:481
unsigned char count_register
Definition: atacmds.h:337
unsigned char lba_low_register_hi
Definition: atacmds.h:364
u32 count
Definition: megaraid.h:80
static unsigned GetNumLogSectors(const ata_smart_log_directory *logdir, unsigned logaddr, bool gpl)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1167
int ataGetSCTErrorRecoveryControltime(ata_device *device, unsigned type, unsigned short &time_limit)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:2707
bool smart_selftest_force
Definition: ataprint.h:78
#define EXTEND_SELF_TEST
Definition: atacmds.h:113
signed char max_temp
Definition: atacmds.h:542
int ataReadSelfTestLog(ata_device *device, ata_smart_selftestlog *data, firmwarebug_defs firmwarebugs)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1020
#define FAILSMART
Definition: smartctl.h:46
static const char * get_form_factor(unsigned short word168)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:415
#define snprintf
Definition: utility.h:68
static const char * sct_pbar(int x, char(&buf)[64])
Definition: ataprint.cpp:2251
int ataEnableAutoSave(ata_device *device)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1528
u16 flags
Definition: megaraid.h:93
unsigned char self_test_exec_status
Definition: atacmds.h:216
ata_smart_exterrlog_command commands[5]
Definition: atacmds.h:384
static int ataPrintSCTTempHist(const ata_sct_temperature_history_table *tmh)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:2340
bool ataReadExtSelfTestLog(ata_device *device, ata_smart_extselftestlog *log, unsigned nsectors)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1068
#define FAILATTR
Definition: smartctl.h:52
uint64_t sectors
Definition: atacmds.h:987
unsigned char offline_data_collection_status
Definition: atacmds.h:215
#define FAILPOWER
Definition: smartctl.h:40
bool is_set(firmwarebug_t bug) const
Definition: atacmds.h:739
const char * ataprint_cpp_cvsid
Definition: ataprint.cpp:43
unsigned char lba_high_register_hi
Definition: atacmds.h:344
void print_off()
Definition: smartctl.h:92
ata_attr_state ata_get_attr_state(const ata_smart_attribute &attr, int attridx, const ata_smart_threshold_entry *thresholds, const ata_vendor_attr_defs &defs, unsigned char *threshval)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1813
struct ata_smart_extselftestlog_desc log_descs[19]
Definition: atacmds.h:461
unsigned short log_desc_index
Definition: atacmds.h:460
static void PrintSmartSelfExecStatus(const ata_smart_values *data, firmwarebug_defs firmwarebugs)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:784
std::vector< int > devstat_pages
Definition: ataprint.h:65
bool ata_nodata_command(ata_device *device, unsigned char command, int sector_count)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:788
unsigned char device_register
Definition: atacmds.h:345
int ataGetSetSCTWriteCacheReordering(ata_device *device, bool enable, bool persistent, bool set)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:2504
bool nonempty(const void *data, int size)
Definition: utility.cpp:695
unsigned short sampling_period
Definition: atacmds.h:603
static std::string format_st_er_desc(unsigned char CR, unsigned char FR, unsigned char ST, unsigned char ER, unsigned short SC, const ata_smart_errorlog_error_struct *lba28_regs, const ata_smart_exterrlog_error *lba48_regs)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:74
void ata_print_identify_data(const void *id, bool all_words, int bit_level)
static void print_drive_info(const ata_identify_device *drive, const ata_size_info &sizes, int rpm, const drive_settings *dbentry)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:592
struct ata_smart_attribute vendor_attributes[NUMBER_ATA_SMART_ATTRIBUTES]
Definition: atacmds.h:214
unsigned sct_erc_writetime
Definition: ataprint.h:70
unsigned short command_set_1
Definition: atacmds.h:138
int ataDisableSmart(ata_device *device)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1520
unsigned smart_ext_selftest_log
Definition: ataprint.h:59
unsigned char count_register_hi
Definition: atacmds.h:338
unsigned short flags
Definition: atacmds.h:155
ptr_t data
Definition: megaraid.h:94
static const char * sct_ptemp(signed char x, char(&buf)[20])
Definition: ataprint.cpp:2243
int ata_get_rotation_rate(const ata_identify_device *id)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:927
unsigned char device_register
Definition: atacmds.h:369
std::string ata_format_attr_raw_value(const ata_smart_attribute &attr, const ata_vendor_attr_defs &defs)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1960
unsigned short command_set_2
Definition: atacmds.h:139
#define SELECTIVE_SELF_TEST
Definition: atacmds.h:115
static void print_device_statistics_page(const unsigned char *data, int page)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1483
const devstat_entry_info devstat_info_0x03[]
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1408
ata_selective_selftest_args smart_selective_args
Definition: ataprint.h:79
unsigned short pendingtime
Definition: atacmds.h:506
uint64_t start
Definition: atacmds.h:490
bool retry_error_log
Definition: ataprint.h:60
unsigned short timestamp
Definition: atacmds.h:374
#define DATEANDEPOCHLEN
Definition: utility.h:80
#define PRId64
Definition: int64.h:72
bool ataReadLogExt(ata_device *device, unsigned char logaddr, unsigned char features, unsigned page, void *data, unsigned nsectors)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1088
#define ATA_STANDBY_IMMEDIATE
Definition: atacmds.h:78
unsigned char lba_mid_register
Definition: atacmds.h:341
bool fix_swapped_id
Definition: ataprint.h:88
const int num_devstat_infos
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1472
static void PrintSmartCapability(const ata_smart_values *data)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:913
int ataSmartSupport(const ata_identify_device *drive)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:943
unsigned char reserved
Definition: atacmds.h:473
unsigned short int smart_capability
Definition: atacmds.h:220
unsigned log_sector_offset
Definition: atacmds.h:991
static void PrintSmartExtendedSelfTestPollingTime(const ata_smart_values *data)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:961
unsigned short words088_255[168]
Definition: atacmds.h:144
#define FAILSTATUS
Definition: smartctl.h:49
int ataReadSCTStatus(ata_device *device, ata_sct_status_response *sts)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:2412
bool set_security_freeze
Definition: ataprint.h:106
static void print_apm_level(const char *msg, int level)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:2434
int ataReadSmartValues(ata_device *device, struct ata_smart_values *data)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:974
unsigned char output_format
Definition: ataprint.h:85
unsigned short sct_spec
Definition: atacmds.h:530
unsigned int over_limit_count
Definition: atacmds.h:546
unsigned log_sector_size
Definition: atacmds.h:989
static const char * get_ata_minor_version(const ata_identify_device *drive)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:458
unsigned short device_error_count
Definition: atacmds.h:399
ata_attr_state
Definition: atacmds.h:888
bool smart_auto_save_enable
Definition: ataprint.h:75
#define ABORT_SELF_TEST
Definition: atacmds.h:116
static void PrintSmartErrorLogCapability(const ata_smart_values *data, const ata_identify_device *identity)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:936
int isSupportOfflineSurfaceScan(const ata_smart_values *data)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1795
const char * get_errmsg() const
Get last error message.
long long int64_t
Definition: int64.h:51
bool ata_set_features(ata_device *device, unsigned char features, int sector_count)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:800
bool isSCTCapable(const ata_identify_device *drive)
Definition: atacmds.h:873
static int PrintSmartExtSelfTestLog(const ata_smart_extselftestlog *log, unsigned nsectors, unsigned max_entries)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:2049
unsigned char logaddr
Definition: ataprint.h:36
unsigned char lba_low_register
Definition: atacmds.h:363
void print_on()
Definition: smartctl.h:87
unsigned char lba_low_register
Definition: atacmds.h:339
bool dont_print_serial_number
Definition: atacmds.cpp:46
#define ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_PREFAILURE(x)
Definition: atacmds.h:178
unsigned char id
Definition: atacmds.h:152
unsigned char failuretest_permissive
Definition: smartctl.cpp:1114
static int PrintSmartErrorlog(const ata_smart_errorlog *data, firmwarebug_defs firmwarebugs)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1765
unsigned char numsectors
Definition: atacmds.h:472
#define FAILID
Definition: smartctl.h:43
struct ata_smart_errorlog_struct errorlog_struct[5]
Definition: atacmds.h:315
bool smart_general_values
Definition: ataprint.h:51
#define ATA_ENABLE_WRITE_CACHE
Definition: atacmds.h:87
unsigned char revnumber
Definition: atacmds.h:313
unsigned short int total_time_to_complete_off_line
Definition: atacmds.h:217
const char * format_capacity(char *str, int strsize, uint64_t val, const char *decimal_point)
Definition: utility.cpp:736
unsigned int timestamp
Definition: atacmds.h:349
int isSupportConveyanceSelfTest(const ata_smart_values *data)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1803
static void ataPrintSCTCapability(const ata_identify_device *drive)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1118
void pout(const char *fmt,...)
Definition: smartctl.cpp:1095
#define OFFLINE_FULL_SCAN
Definition: atacmds.h:111
static void PrintLogDirectories(const ata_smart_log_directory *gplogdir, const ata_smart_log_directory *smartlogdir)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1277
unsigned sct_temp_int
Definition: ataprint.h:81
static int ataPrintSCTStatus(const ata_sct_status_response *sts)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:2287
bool smart_selftest_log
Definition: ataprint.h:54
unsigned char fw_rev[8]
Definition: atacmds.h:133
const devstat_entry_info devstat_info_0x04[]
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1421
short size
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1377
#define ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_SELFPRESERVING(x)
Definition: atacmds.h:203
int ataEnableAutoOffline(ata_device *device)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1547
static const char * sct_device_state_msg(unsigned char state)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:2273
unsigned char lba_high_register
Definition: atacmds.h:367
const char * name
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1378
bool sct_temp_int_pers
Definition: ataprint.h:82
bool retry_selftest_log
Definition: ataprint.h:60
int isSupportOfflineAbort(const ata_smart_values *data)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1791
static void print_aam_level(const char *msg, int level, int recommended=-1)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:2410
const char * modelfamily
Definition: knowndrives.h:27
const devstat_entry_info devstat_info_0x05[]
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1429
struct ata_smart_errorlog_command_struct commands[5]
Definition: atacmds.h:304
int ataPrintSmartSelfTestEntry(unsigned testnum, unsigned char test_type, unsigned char test_status, unsigned short timestamp, uint64_t failing_lba, bool print_error_only, bool &print_header)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:2724
int ataPrintMain(ata_device *device, const ata_print_options &options)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:2526
static const char * infofound(const char *output)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:47
int ataEnableSmart(ata_device *device)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1513
bool smart_auto_offl_disable
Definition: ataprint.h:74
#define CONVEYANCE_SELF_TEST
Definition: atacmds.h:114
static const char * OfflineDataCollectionStatus(unsigned char status_byte)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:734
unsigned char error_register
Definition: atacmds.h:270
int ataReadSmartThresholds(ata_device *device, struct ata_smart_thresholds_pvt *data)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1495
int ataDisableAutoSave(ata_device *device)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1535
u8 b[12]
Definition: megaraid.h:96
#define SELECTIVE_FLAG_PENDING
Definition: atacmds.h:514
unsigned short cfs_enable_1
Definition: atacmds.h:141
int ataSetSCTTempInterval(ata_device *device, unsigned interval, bool persistent)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:2571
unsigned short major_rev_num
Definition: atacmds.h:136
static void PrintSmartTotalTimeCompleteOffline(const ata_smart_values *data)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:866
int isGeneralPurposeLoggingCapable(const ata_identify_device *identity)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1746
#define ATA_ENABLE_AAM
Definition: atacmds.h:85
#define P(n)
int ata_get_wwn(const ata_identify_device *id, unsigned &oui, uint64_t &unique_id)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:907
void checksumwarning(const char *string)
Definition: smartctl.cpp:1142
bool isSCTDataTableCapable(const ata_identify_device *drive)
Definition: atacmds.h:882
#define EXTEND_CAPTIVE_SELF_TEST
Definition: atacmds.h:118
#define SELECTIVE_CAPTIVE_SELF_TEST
Definition: atacmds.h:120
unsigned char short_test_completion_time
Definition: atacmds.h:223
const ata_smart_log_directory * fake_logdir(ata_smart_log_directory *logdir, const ata_print_options &options)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1261
static bool is_permissive()
Definition: ataprint.cpp:53
#define ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_EVENTCOUNT(x)
Definition: atacmds.h:200
unsigned short sct_version
Definition: atacmds.h:529
unsigned char lba_mid_register
Definition: atacmds.h:365
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1375
static void PrintSmartShortSelfTestPollingTime(const ata_smart_values *data)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:951
const char * format_with_thousands_sep(char *str, int strsize, uint64_t val, const char *thousands_sep)
Definition: utility.cpp:704
static void print_standby_timer(const char *msg, int timer, const ata_identify_device &drive)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:2492
static int find_msb(unsigned short word)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:433
unsigned char device_control_register
Definition: atacmds.h:359
int ataSmartTest(ata_device *device, int testtype, bool force, const ata_selective_selftest_args &selargs, const ata_smart_values *sv, uint64_t num_sectors)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1588
void ata_format_id_string(char *out, const unsigned char *in, int n)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:749
static void PrintSmartOfflineCollectCap(const ata_smart_values *data)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:873
unsigned char failing_lba[6]
Definition: atacmds.h:447
signed char min_temp
Definition: atacmds.h:541
unsigned char version
Definition: atacmds.h:395
#define ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_OTHER(x)
Definition: atacmds.h:206
bool ignore_presets
Definition: ataprint.h:92
#define ATA_DISABLE_APM
Definition: atacmds.h:82
unsigned char version
Definition: atacmds.h:458
bool set_standby_now
Definition: ataprint.h:104
ATA device access.
#define SHORT_SELF_TEST
Definition: atacmds.h:112
static void PrintSataPhyEventCounters(const unsigned char *data, bool reset)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1664
static void print_ata_security_status(const char *msg, unsigned short state)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:2454
static const char * get_pata_version(unsigned short word222, char(&buf)[32])
Definition: ataprint.cpp:532
signed char life_min_temp
Definition: atacmds.h:543
unsigned char state
Definition: atacmds.h:373
unsigned char serial_no[20]
Definition: atacmds.h:131
int ataPrintSmartSelfTestlog(const ata_smart_selftestlog *data, bool allentries, firmwarebug_defs firmwarebugs)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:2804
unsigned char * data()
Definition: utility.h:166
unsigned long long uint64_t
Definition: int64.h:54
static const char * get_sata_maxspeed(const ata_identify_device *drive)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:575
unsigned short timestamp
Definition: atacmds.h:445
#define ATA_IDLE
Definition: atacmds.h:74
unsigned short int logversion
Definition: atacmds.h:480
unsigned char conveyance_test_completion_time
Definition: atacmds.h:225
unsigned char reserved1
Definition: atacmds.h:396
int isSupportAutomaticTimer(const ata_smart_values *data)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1787
struct ata_smart_threshold_entry thres_entries[NUMBER_ATA_SMART_ATTRIBUTES]
Definition: atacmds.h:258
const devstat_entry_info devstat_info_0x01[]
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1386
bool devstat_all_pages
Definition: ataprint.h:64
bool isSCTErrorRecoveryControlCapable(const ata_identify_device *drive)
Definition: atacmds.h:876
int ataSmartStatus2(ata_device *device)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1581
unsigned int under_limit_count
Definition: atacmds.h:547
bool smart_vendor_attrib
Definition: ataprint.h:52
const devstat_entry_info devstat_info_0x07[]
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1455
unsigned char offline_data_collection_capability
Definition: atacmds.h:219
unsigned char powermode
Definition: ataprint.h:94
signed char life_max_temp
Definition: atacmds.h:544
bool smart_check_status
Definition: ataprint.h:50
static bool print_device_statistics(ata_device *device, unsigned nsectors, const std::vector< int > &single_pages, bool all_pages, bool ssd_page, bool use_gplog)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1555
unsigned char status_register
Definition: atacmds.h:370
unsigned short flags
Definition: atacmds.h:504
int ataReadSCTTempHist(ata_device *device, ata_sct_temperature_history_table *tmh, ata_sct_status_response *sts)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:2443
static std::string format_milliseconds(unsigned msec)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1730
unsigned sct_erc_readtime
Definition: ataprint.h:70
std::string strprintf(const char *fmt,...)
Definition: utility.cpp:787
unsigned char byte205
Definition: atacmds.h:545
static void ataPrintSCTErrorRecoveryControl(bool set, unsigned short read_timer, unsigned short write_timer)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:2397
bool smart_auto_save_disable
Definition: ataprint.h:75
unsigned nsectors
Definition: ataprint.h:38
#define ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_PERFORMANCE(x)
Definition: atacmds.h:194
int ataDisableAutoOffline(ata_device *device)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1558
const devstat_entry_info devstat_info_0x02[]
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1401
void failuretest(failure_type type, int returnvalue)
Definition: smartctl.cpp:1119
unsigned short int revnumber
Definition: atacmds.h:213
uint64_t capacity
Definition: atacmds.h:988
unsigned char vendor_specific[32]
Definition: atacmds.h:550
unsigned char model[40]
Definition: atacmds.h:134
std::vector< ata_log_request > log_requests
Definition: ataprint.h:62
#define ATA_ENABLE_READ_LOOK_AHEAD
Definition: atacmds.h:88
int isSmartErrorLogCapable(const ata_smart_values *data, const ata_identify_device *identity)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1708
int isSupportSelfTest(const ata_smart_values *data)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1799
u8 cmd
Definition: megaraid.h:80
unsigned char worst
Definition: atacmds.h:157
static void PrintSmartConveyanceSelfTestPollingTime(const ata_smart_values *data)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:971
bool devstat_ssd_page
Definition: ataprint.h:64
static void PrintGeneralSmartValues(const ata_smart_values *data, const ata_identify_device *drive, firmwarebug_defs firmwarebugs)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1133
int ataReadErrorLog(ata_device *device, ata_smart_errorlog *data, firmwarebug_defs firmwarebugs)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1401
static const char * get_device_statistics_page_name(int page)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1474
void clear_err()
Clear last error info.
unsigned smart_ext_error_log
Definition: ataprint.h:58
unsigned char error_log_pointer
Definition: atacmds.h:314
#define ATAPRINT_H_CVSID
Definition: ataprint.h:28
static void ataPrintSelectiveSelfTestLog(const ata_selective_self_test_log *log, const ata_smart_values *sv)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:2124
unsigned char lba_mid_register_hi
Definition: atacmds.h:342
int ataSetSCTErrorRecoveryControltime(ata_device *device, unsigned type, unsigned short time_limit)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:2713
#define SELECTIVE_FLAG_ACTIVE
Definition: atacmds.h:515
int identify_word_level
Definition: ataprint.h:49
void show_presets(const ata_identify_device *drive)
int ataDoesSmartWork(ata_device *device)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1570
unsigned char features_register_hi
Definition: atacmds.h:336
bool isSCTFeatureControlCapable(const ata_identify_device *drive)
Definition: atacmds.h:879
signed char hda_temp
Definition: atacmds.h:540
#define SELECTIVE_FLAG_DOSCAN
Definition: atacmds.h:513
int sct_wcache_reorder_set
Definition: ataprint.h:110
virtual bool ata_identify_is_cached() const
Return true if OS caches ATA identify sector.
#define ATA_SECURITY_FREEZE_LOCK
Definition: atacmds.h:76
unsigned char count_register_hi
Definition: atacmds.h:362
const devstat_entry_info * devstat_infos[]
Definition: ataprint.cpp:1461
int ataReadLogDirectory(ata_device *device, ata_smart_log_directory *data, bool gpl)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1141
struct ata_smart_errorlog_error_struct error_struct
Definition: atacmds.h:305
static const char * get_sata_version(unsigned short word222, char(&buf)[32])
Definition: ataprint.cpp:543
bool ataReadSmartLog(ata_device *device, unsigned char logaddr, void *data, unsigned nsectors)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1120
#define PRIx64
Definition: int64.h:80
virtual bool is_syscall_unsup() const
Return true if last error indicates an unsupported system call.
unsigned char command_register
Definition: atacmds.h:346
int ataCheckPowerMode(ata_device *device)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:775
#define ATA_DISABLE_WRITE_CACHE
Definition: atacmds.h:83
bool printing_is_switchable
Definition: smartctl.cpp:58
#define ATTRIBUTE_FLAGS_ERRORRATE(x)
Definition: atacmds.h:197
unsigned char count_register
Definition: atacmds.h:361
unsigned short logversion
Definition: atacmds.h:498
static int find_failed_attr(const ata_smart_values *data, const ata_smart_thresholds_pvt *thresholds, const ata_vendor_attr_defs &defs, int onlyfailed)
Definition: ataprint.cpp:984
#define FAILLOG
Definition: smartctl.h:62
unsigned char error_register
Definition: atacmds.h:360
bool sataphy_reset
Definition: ataprint.h:71
#define SHORT_CAPTIVE_SELF_TEST
Definition: atacmds.h:117
unsigned char lba_high_register
Definition: atacmds.h:343
bool smart_auto_offl_enable
Definition: ataprint.h:74
const char * look_up_ata_command(unsigned char c_code, unsigned char f_reg)
int isSmartTestLogCapable(const ata_smart_values *data, const ata_identify_device *identity)
Definition: atacmds.cpp:1727